Directional Terms, Movement Terms, Positions.txt

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Author:
Medterms
ID:
39112
Filename:
Directional Terms, Movement Terms, Positions.txt
Updated:
2010-10-02 14:57:06
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Veterinary Medical Directional Movement Positioning Terminology
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Veterinary Medical Directional, Movement and Positioning Terminology
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  1. ventral
    refers to belly or underside
  2. refers to belly or underside
    ventral
  3. dorsal
    refers to the back
  4. refers to the back
    dorsal
  5. cranial
    towards the head
  6. towards the head
    cranial
  7. caudal
    toward the tail
  8. toward the tail
    caudal
  9. anterior
    front of the body
  10. front of the ody
    anterior
  11. posterior
    rear of the body
  12. rear of the body
    posterior
  13. rostral
    nose end of the head
  14. nose end of the head
    rostral
  15. cephalic
    pertaining to the head
  16. pertaining to the head
    cephalic
  17. medial
    toward the midline
  18. toward he midline
    medial
  19. lateral
    away from the midline
  20. away from the midline
    lateral
  21. superior
    uppermost, above, or toward the head
  22. uppermost, above, or toward the head
    superior
  23. inferior
    lowermost below, or toward the tail
  24. lowermost, below, or toward the tail
    inferior
  25. proximal
    nearest the midline or nearest to the beginning of a structure
  26. nearest the midline or nearest the beginning of a structure
    proximal
  27. distal
    farthest from the midline or farthest from the beginning of a structure
  28. farthest from the midline or farthest from the beginning of a structure
    distal
  29. superficial
    near the surface (external)
  30. near the surface (external)
    superficial
  31. deep
    away from the surface (internal)
  32. away from the surface (internal)
    deep
  33. palmar
    caudal surface of the front paw
  34. caudal surface of the front paw
    palmar
  35. plantar
    caudal surface of the rear paw
  36. caudal surface of the rear paw
    plantar
  37. lingual
    toward the tongue
  38. toward the tongue
    lingual
  39. palatal
    tooth surface of upper jaw (maxilla) that faces the hard palate/tongue
  40. tooth surface of the upper jaw (maxilla) that faces the hard palate/tongue
    palatal
  41. buccal
    toward the cheek
  42. toward the cheek
    buccal
  43. occlusal
    surface of the teeth that meet when you chew
  44. surface of the teeth that meet when you chew
    occlusal
  45. labial
    toward the lips
  46. toward the lips
    labial
  47. recumbent
    medical term for lying down
  48. medical term for lying down
    recumbent
  49. dorsal recumbency
    lying on the back
  50. lying on the back
    dorsal recumbency
  51. ventral recumbency
    lying on the belly
  52. sternal recumbency
    lying on the belly
  53. lying on the belly
    ventral recumbency, sternal recumbency
  54. lateral recumbency
    lying on the side
  55. lying on the side
    lateral recumbency
  56. left lateral recumbency
    lying on the left side
  57. lying on the left side
    left lateral recumbency
  58. right lateral recumbency
    lying on the right side
  59. lying on the right side
    right lateral recumbency
  60. adduction
    movement toward the midline
  61. movement toward the midline
    adduction
  62. abduction
    movement away from the midline
  63. movement away from the midline
    abduction
  64. flexion
    decreased the angle of a joint, closure of a joint angle
  65. decreasing the angle of a joint, closure of a joint angl
    flexion
  66. extension
    straightening of a joint, increase in the angle of a joint
  67. straightening of a joint, increasing the angle of a joint
    extension
  68. supination
    rotating a limb so that the palmar surface is turned upward
  69. rotating a limb so that the palmar surface is turned upward
    supination
  70. pronation
    rotating a limb so that the palmar surface is turned downward
  71. rotating a limb so that the palmar surface is turned downward
    pronation
  72. rotation
    circular movement around an axis
  73. circular movement around an axis
    rotation

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