Medical Terminology

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potter.bl
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39211
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Medical Terminology
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2010-10-02 23:06:15
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Medical Terminology
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Body parts and what not
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  1. Fx
    Fracture
  2. NSAIDS
    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  3. UTI
    Urinary tract infection
  4. D&C
    Dilation and curretage
  5. GYN
    Gynecology
  6. STD
    Sexually transmitted disease
  7. OB
    Obstetrics
  8. BMI
    Body mass index
  9. eosin/o
    Dawn (rose-colored)
  10. Left lower quadrant
    LLQ
  11. Hx
    History
  12. q.o.d.
    Every other day
  13. RA
    Right atrium; Rheumatoid arthritis
  14. Bx
    bx
    Biopsy
  15. b.i.d.
    Twice a day
  16. Sx
    Symptom
  17. SOB
    Shortness of breath
  18. ID
    Intradermal
  19. q.d.
    Every day
  20. NPO
    n.p.o.
    Nothing by mouth
  21. TB
    Tuberculosis
  22. CABG
    Coronary artery bypass graft
  23. Tx
    Treatment
  24. p.r.n.
    As required
  25. RLQ
    Right lower quadrant
  26. CXR
    Chest x-ray; Chest radiograph
  27. q.2h.
    Every 2 hours
  28. HTN
    Hypertension
  29. t.i.d.
    Three times a day
  30. CBC
    Complete blood count
  31. COPD
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  32. RUQ
    Right upper quadrant
  33. plas/o
    Formation, growth
  34. radi/o
    Radiation, x-ray; radius
  35. idi/o
    Unknown, peculiar
  36. agglutin/o
    Clumping, gluing
  37. immun/o
    Immune,immunity,safe
  38. myel/o
    Bone marrow; spinal cord
  39. sider/o
    Iron
  40. reticul/o
    Net, mesh
  41. spir/o
    Breathe
  42. ichthy/o
    Dry, scaly
  43. scler/o
    Hardening; sclera
  44. kerat/o
    Horny tissue; hard; cornea
  45. dist/o
    Far, farthest
  46. xen/o
    Foreign, strange
  47. cholecyst/o
    Gallbladder
  48. proct/o
    Anus, rectum
  49. pulmon/o
    Lung
  50. alveol/o
    Alveolus; air sac
  51. Pleur/o
    Pleura
  52. sten/o
    Narrowing, stricture
  53. embol/o
    Embolus (plug)
  54. my/o
    Muscle
  55. ather/o
    Fatty plaque
  56. poster/o
    Back (of body), behind, posterior
  57. cholangi/o
    Bile vessel
  58. pneum/o
    pneumon/o
    Air; lung
  59. coni/o
    Dust
  60. atel/o
    Incomplete; imperfect
  61. anthrac/o
    Coal, coal dust
  62. or/o
    stomat/o
    Mouth
  63. choledoch/o
    Bile duct
  64. Phren/o
    Diaphragm; mind
  65. sial/o
    Saliva, salivary gland
  66. hepat/o
    Liver
  67. an/o
    Anus
  68. chol/e
    Bile, gall
  69. hidr/o
    sudor/o
    Sweat
  70. myc/o
    Fungus
  71. infer/o
    Lower, below
  72. dors/o
    Back (of body)
  73. morph/o
    Form, shape, structure
  74. eti/o
    Cause
  75. acr/o
    Extremity
  76. blast/o
    Embryonic cell
  77. neutr/o
    Neutral,neither
  78. poikil/o
    Varied, irregular
  79. thym/o
    Thymus gland
  80. arteri/o
    Artery
  81. aneurysm/o
    Widened blood vessel
  82. cardi/o
    Heart
  83. hemangi/o
    Blood vessel
  84. rect/o
    Rectum
  85. ventricul/o
    Ventricule
  86. xer/o
    Dry
  87. melan/o
    Black
  88. albin/o
    leuk/o
    White
  89. thorac/o
    Chest
  90. cyan/o
    Blue
  91. chrom/o
    Color
  92. chlor/o
    Green
  93. inguin/o
    Groin
  94. erythr/o
    Red
  95. cirrh/o
    jaund/o
    xanth/o
    Yellow
  96. spin/o
    Spine
  97. umbilic/o
    Navel
  98. viscer/o
    Internal organs
  99. son/o
    Sound
  100. somat/o
    Body
  101. path/o
    Disease
  102. aden/o
    Gland
  103. bas/o
    Base
  104. granul/o
    Granule
  105. lymph/o
    Lymph
  106. lymphaden/o
    Lymph gland
  107. hem/o
    hemat/o
    Blood
  108. lymphangi/o
    Lymph vessel
  109. ser/o
    Serum
  110. gloss/o
    lingu/o
    Tongue
  111. splen/o
    Spleen
  112. arteriol/o
    Arteriole
  113. aort/o
    Aorta
  114. angi/o
    vascul/o
    Vessel
  115. electr/o
    Electricity
  116. tonsill/o
    Tonsils
  117. adenoid/o
    Adenoids
  118. sinus/o
    Sinus, cavity
  119. sept/o
    Septum
  120. nas/o
    rhin/o
    Nose
  121. squam/o
    Scale
  122. caud/o
    Tail
  123. abdomin/o
    Abdomen
  124. pector/o
    steth/o
    thorac/o
    Chest
  125. cheil/o
    labi/o
    Lip
  126. bucc/o
    Cheek
  127. enter/o
    intestine
  128. duoden/o
    Duodenum
  129. pylor/o
    Pylorus
  130. pharyng/o
    Pharynx (throat)
  131. esopha/o
    Esophagus
  132. gingiv/o
    Gums
  133. dent/o
    odont/o
    Teeth
  134. sigmoid/o
    Sigmoid colon
  135. col/o
    colon/o
    Colon
  136. append/o
    Appendix
  137. ile/o
    Ileum
  138. jejun/o
    Jejunum
  139. pancreat/o
    Pancreas
  140. adip/o
    lip/o
    steat/o
    Fat
  141. cutane/o
    dermat/o
    derm/o
    Skin
  142. onych/o
    ungu/o
    Nail
  143. poli/o
    Gray
  144. atri/o
    Atrium
  145. thromb/o
    Blood clot
  146. sphygm/o
    Pulse
  147. phleb/o
    ven/o
    Vein
  148. bronchiol/o
    Bronchiole
  149. bronchi/o
    bronch/o
    Bronchus
  150. trache/o
    Trachea (windpipe)
  151. laryng/o
    Larynx (voice box)
  152. epiglott/o
    Epiglottis
  153. ox/i
    ox/o
    Oxygen
  154. orth/o
    Straight
  155. lob/o
    Lobe
  156. kary/o
    nucle/o
    Nucleus
  157. hist/o
    Tissue
  158. proxim/o
    Near, nearest
  159. medi/o
    Middle
  160. cervic/o
    Neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
  161. later/o
    Side, to one side
  162. seb/o
    Sebum, sebaceous
  163. pil/o
    trich/o
    Hair
  164. cyt/o
    Cell
  165. anter/o
    Anterior, front
  166. lumb/o
    Loins
  167. pelv/i
    pelv/o
    Pelvis
  168. ventr/o
    Belly, belly side
  169. ili/o
    ilium
  170. gastr/o
    Stomach
  171. crani/o
    Cranium (skull)
  172. cerebr/o
    Cerebrum
  173. crani/o
    Cranium
  174. dendr/o
    Tree
  175. encephal/o
    Brain
  176. gangli/o
    Ganglion
  177. gli/o
    Glue; neuroglial tissue
  178. kinesi/o
    Movement
  179. lept/o
    Thin; slender
  180. lex/o
    Word, phrase
  181. mening/o
    meningi/o
    Meninges
  182. narc/o
    Stupor; numbness; sleep
  183. neur/o
    Nerve
  184. radicul/o
    Nerve root
  185. sthen/o
    Strength
  186. thalam/o
    Thalamus
  187. thec/o
    Sheath
  188. ton/o
    Tension
  189. ventricul/o
    Ventricle
  190. ambly/o
    Dull, dim
  191. aque/o
    Water
  192. blephar/o
    Eyelid
  193. choroid/o
    Choroid
  194. conjunctiv/o
    Conjunctiva
  195. core/o
    pupill/o
    Pupil
  196. corne/o
    Cornea
  197. dacryocyst/o
    Lacrimal sac
  198. glauc/o
    Gray
  199. goni/o
    Angle
  200. irid/o
    Iris
  201. kerat/o
    Horny tissue; hard, cornea
  202. ocul/o
    ophthalm/o
    Eye
  203. opt/o
    optic/o
    Eye, vision
  204. phac/o
    Lens
  205. phot/o
    Light
  206. presby/o
    Old age
  207. retin/o
    Retina
  208. scot/o
    Darkness
  209. vitr/o
    Vitreous body
  210. audi/o
    Hearing
  211. labyrinth/o
    Labyrinth
  212. mastoid/o
    Mastoid process
  213. ot/o
    Ear
  214. staped/o
    Stapes
  215. myring/o
    tympan/o
    Tympanic membrane
  216. dacry/o
    lacrim/o
    Tear; lacrimal apparatus
  217. cycl/o
    Ciliary body of eye; circular; cycle
  218. adren/o
    adrenal/o
    Adrenal glands
  219. calc/o
    Calcium
  220. crin/o
    Secrete
  221. gluc/o
    glyc/o
    glycos/o
    Sugar, sweetness
  222. home/o
    Same, alike
  223. parathyroid/o
    Parathyroid glands
  224. thym/o
    Thymus gland
  225. thyr/o
    thyroid/o
    Thyroid gland
  226. toxic/o
    Poison
  227. amni/o
    Amnion
  228. colp/o
    vagin/o
    Vagina
  229. galact/o
    lact/o
    Milk
  230. gynec/o
    Woman, female
  231. hyster/o
    metri/o
    uter/o
    Uterus
  232. mamm/o
    mast/o
    Breast
  233. men/o
    Menses, menstruation
  234. metr/o
    Uterus; measure
  235. nat/o
    Birth
  236. oophor/o
    ovari/o
    Ovary
  237. salping/o
    Tube
  238. cyst/o
    vesic/o
    Bladder
  239. glomerul/o
    glomerus
  240. lith/o
    stone, calculus
  241. meat/o
    opening, meatus
  242. nephr/o
    ren/o
    kidney
  243. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  244. ur/o
    urine, urinary tract
  245. ureter/o
    ureter
  246. urethr/o
    urethra
  247. andr/o
    male
  248. balan/o
    glans penis
  249. epididym/o
    epididymis
  250. orch/o
    orchi/o
    orchid/o
    test/o
    testis
  251. perine/o
    perineum
  252. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  253. spermat/o
    sperm/o
    spermatozoa, sperm cells
  254. varic/o
    dilated vein
  255. vas/o
    vessel; vas deferens; duct
  256. vesicul/o
    seminal vesicle
  257. ankyl/o
    stiffness; bent, crooked
  258. cervic/o
    neck; cervix uteri
  259. cost/o
    ribs
  260. clavicul/o
    clavicle
  261. calcane/o
    calcaneum
  262. carp/o
    carpus
  263. cephal/o
    head
  264. brachi/o
    arm
  265. thorac/o
    chest
  266. ped/o
    ped/i
    foot; child
  267. oste/o
    bone
  268. orth/o
    straight
  269. myel/o
    bone marrow; spinal cord
  270. crani/o
    cranium
  271. femor/o
    femur
  272. fibul/o
    fibula
  273. humer/o
    humerus
  274. ili/o
    ilium
  275. lumb/o
    loins
  276. metacarp/o
    metacarpus
  277. metatars/o
    metatarsus
  278. patell/o
    patella
  279. pelv/o
    pelv/i
    pelvis
  280. phalang/o
    phalanges
  281. pod/o
    foot
  282. radi/o
    radiation, x-ray; radius
  283. spondyl/o
    vertebr/o
    vertebrae
  284. stern/o
    sternum
  285. tibi/o
    tibia
  286. muscul/o
    my/o
    muscle
  287. ten/o
    tend/o
    tendin/o
    tendon
  288. ischi/o
    ischium
  289. dactyl/o
    fingers; toes
  290. scoli/o
    crooked, bent
  291. fibr/o
    fiber, fibrous tissue
  292. lamin/o
    lamina
  293. chondr/o
    cartilage
  294. pub/o
    pelvis bone
  295. fasci/o
    band, fascia
  296. leiomy/o
    smooth muscle
  297. arthr/o
    joint
  298. acromi/o
    acromion
  299. rhabd/o
    ros-shaped
  300. synov/o
    synovial membrane, synovial fluid
  301. kyph/o
    humpback
  302. lord/o
    curve, swayback
  303. albumin/o
    albumin, protein
  304. azot/o
    nitrogenous compounds
  305. bacteri/o
    bacteria
  306. crypt/o
    hidden
  307. gonad/o
    gonads, sex glands
  308. kal/i
    potassium
  309. keton/o
    ketone bodies
  310. noct/o
    night
  311. olig/o
    scanty
  312. py/o
    pus
  313. -phoresis
    carrying, transmission
  314. -acusia
    -cusis
    hearing
  315. -pnea
    breathing
  316. -pepsia
    digestion
  317. -phylaxis
    protection
  318. -sphyxia
    pulse
  319. -capnia
    carbon dioxide
  320. -prandial
    meal
  321. -opia
    -opsia
    vision
  322. -plasia
    -plasm
    formation, growth
  323. -trophia
    turning
  324. -poiesis
    formation, production
  325. -sclerosis
    abnormal conditioning of the heart
  326. -osis
    abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
  327. -crine
    secrete
  328. -dipsia
    thirst
  329. -version
    turning
  330. -tocia
    childbirth, labor
  331. -salpinx
    tube
  332. -para
    to bear (offspring)
  333. -gravida
    pregnant woman
  334. -cyesis
    pregnancy
  335. -arche
    beginning
  336. -cide
    killing
  337. -uria
    urine
  338. -clast
    to break
  339. -clasia
    -clasis
    to break; surgical fracture
  340. -desis
    binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
  341. -malacia
    softening
  342. -blast
    embryonic cell
  343. -porosis
    porous
  344. -scopy
    visual examination
  345. -algesia
    -algia
    pain
  346. -esthesia
    feeling
  347. -kinesia
    movement
  348. -lepsy
    seizure
  349. -paresis
    partial paralysis
  350. -plegia
    paralysis
  351. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  352. -stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)
  353. -tome
    instrument to cut
  354. -rrhaphy
    suture
  355. -lysis
    separation; destruction; loosening
  356. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  357. -gram
    record, writing
  358. -edema
    swelling
  359. -emesis
    vomiting
  360. -algia
    -dynia
    pain
  361. -globin
    protein
  362. -graft
    transplantation
  363. -phil
    attraction for
  364. -logy
    study of
  365. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  366. -phasia
    speech
  367. -logist
    specialist in the study of
  368. -gnosis
    knowing
  369. -phonia
    voice
  370. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  371. -rrhage
    -rrhagia
    bursting forth (of)
  372. -phobia
    fear
  373. -gen
    -genesis
    forming, producing, origin
  374. -osmia
    smell
  375. -ician
    -ist
    specialist
  376. -iatry
    medicine; treatment
  377. -trophy
    nourishment, development
  378. -thorax
    chest
  379. -ptysis
    spitting
  380. -blast
    embryonic cell
  381. -rrhexis
    rupture
  382. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
  383. -derma
    skin
  384. -scope
    instrument for examining
  385. -emia
    blood condition
  386. -meter
    instrument for measuring
  387. -itis
    inflammation
  388. -lith
    stone, calculus
  389. -stasis
    standing still
  390. -malacia
    softening
  391. -megaly
    enlargement
  392. -oma
    tumor
  393. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  394. -orexia
    appetite
  395. -tomy
    incision
  396. -spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching
  397. retro-
    backward, behind
  398. -pathy
    disease
  399. -tripsy
    crushing
  400. -pexy
    fixation (of an organ)
  401. -plasty
    surgical repair
  402. -genesis
    forming, producing, origin
  403. -toxic
    poison
  404. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  405. -scopy
    visual examination
  406. -cele
    hernia, swelling
  407. -metry
    act of measuring
  408. -graphy
    process of recording
  409. -graph
    instrument for recording
  410. -therapy
    treatment
  411. -taxia
    order, coordination
  412. -asthenia
    weakness, debility
  413. -spadias
    slit, fissure
  414. -physis
    growth
  415. -penia
    decrease, deficiency
  416. -ptosis
    prolapse, downward displacement
  417. dys-
    bad; painful; difficult
  418. eu-
    good, normal
  419. hetero-
    different
  420. anti-
    contra-
    against
  421. brady-
    slow
  422. allo-
    other, differing from the normal
  423. syn-
    union, together, joined
  424. a-
    an-
    without, not
  425. super-
    upper, above
  426. endo-
    intra-
    in, within
  427. para-
    near, beside; beyond; to bear ( offspring)
  428. sub-
    under, below
  429. pachy-
    thick
  430. micro-
    small
  431. macro-
    large
  432. hemi-
    one half
  433. dipl-
    diplo-
    double
  434. bi-
    two
  435. ab-
    from, away from
  436. dia-
    trans-
    through, across
  437. circum-
    peri-
    around
  438. ad-
    toward
  439. tachy-
    rapid
  440. pseudo-
    false
  441. pan-
    all
  442. mal-
    bad
  443. homo-
    homeo-
    same
  444. pre-
    pro-
    before, in front of
  445. inter-
    between
  446. post-
    after; behind
  447. infra-
    sub-
    under, below
  448. hypo-
    under, below, deficient
  449. epi-
    above, upon
  450. tri-
    three
  451. quadri-
    four
  452. primi-
    first
  453. multi-
    poly-
    many, much
  454. mono-
    uni-
    one
  455. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  456. iso-
    same, equal
  457. ultra-
    excess, beyond
  458. aniso-
    unequal, dissimilar
  459. supra-
    above; excessive; superior
  460. ecto-
    exo-
    extra-
    outside, outward
  461. a.c.
    before meals
  462. DOE
    dyspnea on exertion
  463. CA
    cancer; chronological age; cardiac arrest
  464. Dx
    diagnosis
  465. q.i.d.
    four times a day
  466. p.o.
    by mouth
  467. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  468. GU
    genitourinary
  469. TSH
    thyoroid-stimulating hormone
  470. DRE
    digital rectal examination
  471. PSA
    prostate-specific antigen
  472. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident
  473. EMG
    electromyography
  474. TIA
    transient ischemic attack
  475. BPH
    benign prostatic hypertrophy
  476. C&S
    culture and sensitivity
  477. LMP
    last menstrual period
  478. TFT
    thyroid function test
  479. ROM
    range of motion
  480. OCPs
    oral contraceptive pills
  481. UA
    urinalysis
  482. EEG
    electroencephalography
  483. IOP
    intraocular pressure
  484. DJD
    degenerative joint disease
  485. DM
    diabetes mellitus
  486. ADHD
    attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  487. LOC
    loss of consciousness
  488. OD
    right eye
  489. OS
    left eye
  490. OU
    both eyes
  491. AD
    right ear
  492. AS
    left ear
  493. AU
    both ears
  494. ENT
    ears, nose, and throat
  495. OM
    otitis media
  496. PE
    pressure-equalizing (tube)
  497. LUQ
    left upper quadrant
  498. Hb
    Hgb
    hemoglobin
  499. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  500. US
    ultrasound
  501. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  502. BP
    B/P
    blood pressure
  503. MI
    myocardial infarction
  504. AIDS
    acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  505. I&D
    incision and drainage
  506. HCT
    Hct
    hematocrit

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