Music Appreciation Chapters 7-13

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Music Appreciation Chapters 7-13
2010-10-20 10:23:11
Music Appreciation

Music Appreciation Chapters 7 "The Early Baroque -13 "Other Classical Genres" "Listen 6th Edition" Exam Review
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  1. Baroque Time line
    Lasted from the 1600's-1750's.
  2. Baroque
    Originally a jewelers term for large pearls of irregular shape.
  3. Music from 1600-1750
    The Late Baroque Period
  4. Opera was invented where and in what year?
    Italy in the 1600's
  5. Three institutions where a composer could make a living?
    • 1.) The Church
    • 2.) The Court
    • 3.) The Opera House
  6. Walking Bass
    Bass line consisting of steady equal note values like eights or quarters.
  7. Ornamentation
    Addition of fast notes and vocal notes to a melody making it more florid (sanguine) and expressive.
  8. Standard texture of Baroque Music ?
  9. Most important genres of the Baroque Era?
    Concerto and Concerto Grosso.
  10. Concerto
    A large composition for orchestra and solo instruments.
  11. Concerto Grosso
    The main early Baroque type of Concerto for a group of solo instruments and a small orchestra.
  12. Movements of the Baroque Concerto?
    • 1.) Bright Extroverted piece in a fast tempo.
    • 2.) Quieter. slower and more emotional.
    • 3.) Fast Again.
  13. Movement?
    A self contained section of a larger piece (such as a symphony or a concerto grosso).
  14. Variation form?
    Form in which a single melodic unit is repeated with harmonic, rhythmic dynamic or timbrel changes.
  15. Basso Ostinato
    Persistent or obstinate bass.
  16. Ritornello?
    The orchestral material at the begging of a concerto grosso, which always returns later on in the piece.
  17. Antonio Vivaldi
    Antonio Vivaldi The "Red Priest"? (1678-1741), he was a Venetian music teacher at the Semenario Musicale dell'Ospendale, Della Pieta, he is also famous for his 4 Seasons concerto.
  18. ( 1685-1750)
    Wrote Brandenburg Concerto Number 5, combining six different instruments that have never been combined before, he also had 20 children, was German, and was blind in the last three years of his life.
  19. Fugue?
    A composition written systematically in imitative polyphony usually with a single main theme, the fugue subject.
  20. Exposition?
    Where all voices present the subject in an orderly standardized way.
  21. This is where a fugue begins with.
    Where all voices present the subject in an orderly standardized way.
  22. Exposition.
    A fugue begins with an ________.
  23. Subject entries?
    In a fugue, appearances of the entire fugue subject after the opening exposition.
  24. Episodes ?
    In a fugue a passage that does not contain any complete appearances of the fugue subject.
  25. Suite
    A piece consisting of a series of dances.
  26. Gigue?
    A baroque dance in a lively compound meter.
  27. Binary Form
    A musical form having two different sections.
  28. French Overture
    A baroque type of overture to an opera, oratorio, or suite.
  29. Types of Fugal Devices?\
    • 1.) C ountersubject: In a fugue, a subsidary melodic line that appears regularly in counterpoint with the subject.
    • 2.) S tretto: In a fugue, overlapping entrances of the fugue subject in several voices simultaneously.
    • 3.) A ugmentation: In fugue when all note lengths are multiplied or divided (usually by 2).
    • 4.) I nversion: In fugue, when all intervals in the subject are reversed.
  30. Trio Dance form.
    What kind of baroque dance form is the B: in

    A B A
  31. Opera
    The principle genre of secular vocal music of the Baroque Era
  32. Coloratura
    An elaborately decorated style of singing with many notes for each syllable of text.
  33. Opera Seria
    A term for the serious heroic Opera of the Baroque period in Italy.
  34. Recitative
    "Recite" A half singing half reciting style of presenting words in opera.
  35. Secco Recitative
    Recitative with Continuo (Basso Continuo: chello + Harpsichord or organ) accompaniment.
  36. Accompanied Recitative
    Recitative accompanied by the Orchestra
  37. Aria
    A vocal number for solo singers and orchestra generally in an opera, cantata (A composition for several movements of solo voice(s),and instruments), or oratorio.
  38. Da Capo
    The standard form for the baroque Italian opera Aria.
  39. Oratorio
    Long semi dramatic piece; an opera on a religious subject.
  40. Cantata
    General name for a piece of moderate length for voices and instruments.
  41. Church Cantata
    A Cantata with religious words.
  42. Chorals
    German for hymn. It is a Lutheran hymn used for four part harmonization (to provide each note of melody with a chord).
  43. Gapped Choral
    A Choral melody delivered in spurts, while other music continues.
  44. Choral Prelude
    (Organ Chorale) An important genre of keyboard music at the time, it is an organ composition with a choral tune.
  45. Style features of classical music?
    • 1. R ythm
    • 2. D ynamics
    • 3. T one Color
    • 4. M elody : Tunes
    • 5. T exture
    • 6. C lassical Counterpoint
  46. First movement of Symphony?
    • Opening Movement
    • tempo: moderato
    • form: sonata form
  47. Second Movement of Symphony?
    • Slow Movement
    • tempo: slow very slow
    • form : sonata, variation other
  48. Third Movement of Symphony?
    • Minuet (with Trio)
    • tempo: moderate
    • form : minuet form
  49. Fourth movement of Symphony
    • Closing Movement
    • tempo: fast very fast
    • form : sonata, form or rondo form
  50. Sonata form
    • I: A: I I: B A':I,
  51. Part of Sonata Form?
    • 1. Exposition
    • 2. Development
    • 3. Recapitulation
  52. Development?
    Expanding themes into larger sections of music.
  53. Recapitulation?
    "step by step review"? (sonata)
  54. Classical form variation?
    • Opening movement
    • tempo: fast
    • form: sonata form
    • Slow movement
    • tempo: slow
    • form: variations
    • Minuet with Trio
    • tempo: moderate
    • form: minuet form
    • Closing movement
    • tempo: fast
    • form: rondo
  55. Minuet and Trio Form
  56. Rondo Form
    A B A C A Coda