Typography Vocab.txt

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Sauty
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39493
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Typography Vocab.txt
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2010-10-06 22:43:47
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Typography type type face font typography graphic design
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  1. Baseline
    A. The part of lowercase letters (such as k, b, and d) that ascends above the x-height of the other lowercase letters in a font.
    B. An imaginary line upon which the base of each capital & letter rests.
    C. An imaginary line that runs along the tops of the lower case letters.
    D. An imaginary line that runs along the top of the capital letters.
    B. An imaginary line upon which the base of each capital & letter rests.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Capline
    A. The part of lowercase letters (such as k, b, and d) that ascends above the x-height of the other lowercase letters in a font.
    B. An imaginary line that runs along the top of the capital letters.
    C. An imaginary line upon which the base of each capital & letter rests.
    D. An imaginary line that runs along the tops of the lower case letters
    B. An imaginary line that runs along the top of the capital letters.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Mean line
    A. An imaginary line that runs along the tops of the lower case letters
    B. An imaginary line upon which the base of each capital & letter rests.
    C. The part of lowercase letters (such as k, b, and d) that ascends above the x-height of the other lowercase letters in a font.
    D. Distance from base line to mean line, also the hight of the letter 'x'
    E. An imaginary line that runs along the top of the capital letters.
    A. An imaginary line that runs along the tops of the lower case letters
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. X-height
    a. The part of lowercase letters (such as k, b, and d) that ascends above the x-height of the other lowercase letters in a font.
    b. An imaginary line that runs along the top of the capital letters.
    c. An imaginary line upon which the base of each capital & letter rests.
    e. Distance from base line to mean line, also the hight of the letter 'x'.
    e. An imaginary line that runs along the tops of the lower case letters.
    d. distance from base line to mean line, also the hight of the letter 'x'
  5. The paragraphs in a document that make up the bulk of its content. ______ should be set in an appropriate and easy to read face, typically at 10 or 12 point size.
    A. Character mapping
    B. PostScript
    C. Body text
    D. Letter spacing
    C. Body text
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Descender
    A. An imaginary line that runs along the top of the capital letters.
    B. Distance from base line to mean line, also the hight of the letter 'x'.
    C. The part of lowercase letters (such as k, b, and d) that ascends above the x-height of the other lowercase letters in a font.
    D. A stroke on a lowercase letter form that falls below the baseline
    E. An imaginary line upon which the base of each capital & letter rests.
    D. A stroke on a lowercase letter form that falls below the baseline.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Serifs
    A. Fonts that appear to have been hand lettered with a calligraphy pen or brush, or sometimes with a pencil or technical pen.
    B. Word spaces that align vertically from line to line in poorly justified text creating a distracting river of white space in a block of copy.
    C. A small decorative stroke at the end of a letter's main strokes. It improve readability by Ledding the eye along the line of type.
    D. A typeface that does not have small strokes.
    C. A small decorative stroke at the end of a letter's main strokes. It improve readability by leading the eye along the line of type.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Style
    A. Numerals that have different widths depending on their shape. When setting body text, it is preferable to use proportional figures. Also see tabular figures.
    B. One of the variations in appearance, such as italic and bold, that make up the faces in a type family.
    C. Commonly refers to the upright version of a face within a font family, as compared to the italic version.
    D. The technique of printing or displaying white or lightcolored text on a black or dark background for emphasis. This technique greatly reduces legibility, especially with small type.
    B. One of the variations in appearance, such as italic and bold, that make up the faces in a type family.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Adjusting the average distance between letters in a block of text. Generally, large type requires proportionally less space between letters to appear subjectively right visually while small type requires more letter spacing to appear right.
    A. Tracking
    B. Kerning
    C. Letter-spacing
    D. Leading
    A. Tracking
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A subjective feeling that graphic elements (such as fonts) are different but work together well.This gives a feeling of variety without losing harmony. Within a particular font, ______ also refers to the differences of stroke thicknesses that make up the characters.
    a. Dingbats
    b. Drop cap
    c. Contrast
    d. Ligature
    • A subjective feeling that graphic elements (such as fonts) are different but work together well.
    • This gives a feeling of variety without losing harmony. Within a particular font, contrast also refers to the differences of stroke thicknesses that make up the characters. For example, Myriad has low contrast and Bodoni has high contrast.
  11. Lower case
    set of smaller letters
  12. Small caps
    complete set of capital letters that are the same x-height of lower case
  13. Lining Figures
    numbers that are the same hight as the capital letters and sit on the baseline
  14. Old style figures
    Set of numbers that are compatible with lower case letters
  15. Superior and inferior figures
    • small numbers, usually slightly smaller than the x-height, used for footnotes and fractions
    • Superior- hang from the capline
    • Inferior- sit on the baseline
  16. Fractions
    Common mathematical expressions made up of a superior figures and inferior figure, and a slash mark
  17. Ligatures
    Two or more characters linked together as one nit, such as "ff" and "&"
  18. Punctuation
    a system of a standard signs used in written and printed matter to structure an separate units and to clarify meaning
  19. Accented characters
    characters with accents for foreign language typesetting or for indicating pronunciation
  20. Dingbats
    assorted sings, symbols, reference marks and ornaments designed for use with a type font
  21. weight
    ratio between relative width and the height of a letter
  22. width
    ratio between black vertical strokes of letters and the intervals of white between them
  23. Postre
    Letters that slant to the right but are structurally the same as upright letters (Oblique) other ex: Script and italic
  24. Stress
    Relation between thick and thin strokes
  25. Hand composition
    the tradition method of setting foundry type by hand
  26. Lino type
    A machine that cast a line of type on a single metal slug
  27. ________ types are useful in text because the serifs help distinguish
    individual letters and provide continuity for the reader's eye.

    a. San Serif
    b. Serif
    c. x-height
    d. Leading
    b. Serif

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