The reporting structure and division of labor in an organization.
Define mechanistic structure.
Tall, traditional, formal. stable.
define organic structure.
horizontal structures. flat structures. few levels.
The organization is composed of many different units that work on different kinds of tasks, using different skills and work methods. High differentiation mean high degree of division of labor and and work specialization.
These differentiated units are put back together so that work is coordinated into an overall product. High degree of integration means lots of communication and coordination across units.
Define division of labor.
The assignment of different tasks to different people or groups.
A process in which different individuals and units perform different tasks.
The procedures that link the various parts of an organization for the purpose of achieving the organization's overall mission
Aspects of vertical structure?
Span of control
Centralized vs. decentralized decision making
The legitimate right to make decisions and to tell other people what to do.
The authority levels of the organizational pyramid.
Define corporate governance.
The role of a corporation's executive staff and board of directors in ensuring that the firm's activities meet the goals of the firm's stakeholders
The assignment of new or additional responsibilities to a subordinate.
The assignment of a task that an employee is supposed to carry out.
The expectation that employees will perform a job, take corrective action when necessary, and report upward on the status and quality of their performance.
Define span of management.
how many employees can a manager effectively manage?
Define centralized organization.
An organization in which high-level executives make most decisions and pass them down to lower levels for implementation.
Define decentralized organization.
An organization in which lower-level managers make important decisions.
Define functional organization.
Departmentalization around specialized activities such a productions, marketing, and HR
Define divisional organization.
Departmentalization that group units around products, customers, or geographic regions.
Define matrix organization.
An organization composed of dual reporting relationships in which some managers report to 2 superiors- a functional manger and a divisional manager
Define network organization.
A collection of independent, mostly single-function firms that collaborate on a good or service
Define dynamic network.
Temporary arrangements among partners that can be assembled and reassembled to adapt to the environment.
A person who assembles and coordinates participants in a network.
Establishing common routines and procedures that apply uniformly to everyone.
The presence of rules and regulations governing how people in the organization interact.
Define coordination by plan.
Interdependent units are required to meet deadlines and objectives that contribute to a common goal.
Define coordination by mutual adjustment.
Units interact with one another to make accommodations to achieve flexible coordination.
Define stratgic alliance.
A formal relationship created among independent organizations with the purpose of joint pursuit of mutual goals.
Define learning organizations.
An organization skilled at creating, acquiring, and transferring knowledge, and at modifying its behavior to reflect new knowledge and insights.
Define high involvement organization.
A type of organization in which top management ensures that there is consensus about the direction in which the business is heading.
Define total quality management.
An integrative approach to management that supports the attainment of customer satisfaction through a wide variety of tools and techniques that result in high-quality goods and services.
Define lean manufacturing.
An operation that strives to achieve the highest possible productivity and total quality, cost effectively, by eliminating unnecessary steps in that production process and continually striving for improvement.
Define JIT (just in time)
A system that calls for subassemblies and components to be manufactured in very small lots and delivered to the next stage of the production process just as they are needed.