The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
We the People.
What does the Constitution do?
Sets up the government; defines the government; protects basic rights of Americans.
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
The Bill of Rights.
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
What is the "rule of law"?
Everyone must follow the law; government must obey the law; leaders must obey the law; no one is above the law.
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
It declared the independence.
What is an amendment?
A change or an addition to the Constitution.
What is ONE right or freedom from the First Amendment?
Freedom of speech (religion, press, assembly, petition the government).
What is freedom of religion?
You can practice any religion or not practice a religion.
What are TWO rights in the Declaration of Independence?
Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
What is the economic system in the United States?
A capitalist economy.
Name ONE branch or part of the government.
Judicial, legislative, and executive.
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
Checks and balances; separation of powers.
Who makes federal laws?
The Congress (the Senate and the House of Representatives).
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
The Senate and the House of Representatives.
How many U.S. Senators are there?
100 senators (two per state).
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
For 6 years.
Who is ONE of your state's U.S. Senators now?
Robert Bennet and Orrin Hatch.
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
435 voting members.
We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
For 2 years.
Name your U.S. Representative.
Who does a U.S Senator represent?
All the people of the state.
Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
Because of the state's population.
We elect a President for how many years?
For 4 years.
In what month do we vote for president?
What is the name of the President of the United States now?
What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The Vice President.
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes president?
The Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
Who signs bills to become laws?
Who vetoes bills?
What does the President's Cabinet do?
It advices the President.
What are TWO Cabinet-level positions?
Secretary of Education (Arne Duncan); Secretary of Energy (Steven Chu)
What does the judicial branch do?
Reviews laws; explains laws; resolves disagreement; decides if a law goes against the Constitution.
What is the highest court in the United States?
The Supreme Court.
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
John Roberts Jr.
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is ONE power of the federal government?
To print money; to declare war; the make treaties; to create an army.
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is ONE power of the states?
To provide protection and safety; to provide schooling and education; issue driver's licenses; to approve zoning and land use.
Who is the Governor of your state now?
What is the capital of your state?
Salt Lake City.
What are the two major political parties in the United States?
The Republican party and the Democratic party.
What is the political party of the President now?
The Democratic party.
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe ONE of them.
Any citizen, men or women, eighteen or older can vote.
What is ONE responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
To vote in a federal election; to serve on a jury.
Name ONE right only for United States citizens.
To run for federal office; to vote in a federal election.
What are TWO rights of everyone living in the United States?
Freedom of speech; freedom of religion; the right to bear arms.
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
To the flag and to the United States.
What is ONE promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
To be loyal to the United States; to defend the Constitution and laws of the United States; to obey the laws of the United States; to serve the nation; to serve in the military; to give up loyalty to other countries.
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
18 and older.
What are TWO ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
To vote; to join a civic group; to write to or call Senators and Representatives; to join a political party.
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
Between 18 and 26 years old.
What is ONE reason colonists came to America?
Economic opportunity; to escape persecussion; religious freedom.
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Why did the colonists fight the British?
Because of taxation without representation; because they didn't have self-government.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776.
There were 13 original states. Name THREE.
Massachusets; Rhode Island; New Jersey; Connecticut; New Hampshire; Delaware; Maryland; Pennsylvania; New York, etc.
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
The Constitution was written.
When was the Constitution written?
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name ONE of the writers.
James Madison; Alexander Hamilton; John Jay.
What is ONE thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
The oldest member of the Constitutional Convention; U.S. diplomat; the first Postmaster General; started the first free libraries.
Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
Who was the first President?
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
Name ONE war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
The Mexican-American War; the Spanish-American War; the Civil War; the War of 1812.
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
The Civil War (1861-1865).
Name ONE problem that led to the Civil War.
Slavery; economic reasons; states' rights.
What was ONE important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?
He freed the slaves; saved the Union; led the United States during the Civil War.
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
It freed the slaves.
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
She fought for the rights of women and for civil rights.
Name ONE war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
World War I; World War II; Korean War; Vietnam War; Gulf War.
Who was President during World War I?
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
Who did the United States fight in World War II?
Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
World War II.
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
The Civil Rights movement.
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
He fought for civil rights.
What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
Terrorists attacked the United States.
Name ONE American Indian tribe in the United States.
Iroquois; Navajo; Cherokee, etc.
Name ONE of the two longest rivers in the United States.
Missouri and Mississippi.
What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
The Pacific Ocean.
What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
The Atlantic Ocean.
Name ONE U.S. territory.
Puerto Rico; Northern Mariana Islands; Guam; U.S. Virgin Islands; American Samoa.
Name ONE state that borders Canada.
Alaska, Washignton, Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, etc.
Name ONE state that borders Mexico.
California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.
What is the capital of the United States?
Where is the Statue of Liberty?
New York Harbor; Liberty Island.
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
Because the stripes represent the 13 original colonies.
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
Because each star represents a state.
What is the name of the national anthem?
The Star-Spangled Banner.
When do we celebrate Independence Day?
Name TWO national U.S. holidays.
Martin Luther King Day; President's Day; Memorial Day; Independence Day; Labor Day; Columbus Day; Veterans Day; Thanksgiving; Christmas; New Year's Day.