arch history slides 6-9
Card Set Information
arch history slides 6-9
Palace Complex (“Palace of King Minos”), Knossos, Crete, ca. 1700-1380 BC
Citadel at Tiryns, Peloponnesus, Mycenae, ca. 1300 BC
Megaron, Palace at Pylos, 13th century BC
Citadel and Palace of Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1600-1250 BC
-- hewn stone masonry with even faces and square edges laid in horizontal courses with vertical joints – as opposed to rubble or unhewn stone straight from the quarry
parallel masonry layers, each projecting beyond the one below.
a “false” arch constructed by progressively cantilevering or corbelling from the two
sides with horizontal joints.
in pre-Classical Greek architecture, a simple rounded capital carved from a block of stone, resembling a round cushion or pillow.
in pre-Classical Greek architecture, masonry constructed of very large irregular blocks
of stone. The later Greeks believed such masonry was the work of a race of giants, the Cyclopes.
a long, high-walled, sloping entrance passage to a Mycenaean tholos tomb.
the vertical face of an archway, doorway, or window.
a building with, or arrangement of, winding and confusing passageways
the principal hall of an Anatolian, Cretan, or Mycenaean palace or house. It is rectangular in plan, with a circular central hearth and a front porch formed by the prolongation of the side walls
a small gateway, sometimes concealed, at the back of a castle, town, or monastery.
an entrance-gateway to an enclosure (usually to a temple or palace precinct).
an arch, usually of rough construction, placed in a wall above an arch or any opening, to
relieve it of much of the superincumbent weight.
(pl., tholoi) a round tomb. In Mycenaean architecture, a round, corbel-vaulted tomb;
also referred to as a “beehive” tomb.
. acroteria) ornament placed at the apex or end of a pediment.
a pilaster not conforming to the order used elsewhere in a building, usually placed at
the ends of the projecting walls of a temple portico or pronaos.
cella (or naos)
the sanctuary of a Greek temple, which houses the cult statue.
literally, swelling. A slight convex curve to the profile of a column.
a false rear porch of a Greek temple.
in classical architecture, a column with base (usually), shaft, capital, and entablature,
decorated and proportioned according to one of the accepted modes (e.g., Greek Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian).
in classical architecture, a low-pitched gable above a portico, formed by running the
top member of the entablature along the sides of the gable.
single colonnade surrounding a building or courtyard
a shallow pier or rectangular column projecting only slightly from a wall, and, in
classical architecture, conforming with one of the orders.
a roofed space, open or partly enclosed, forming the entrance and center-piece of the
façade of a temple, house, or church, often with detached or attached columns and a pediment. It is called prostyle or in antis according to whether it projects from or recedes into a building.
in a Greek temple, the space between the walls and the colonnades.
antechamber before the naos.
a substructure of masonry visible above ground level
a continuous flat coping or pavement on which a row of columns is supported.
the triangular space enclosed by the mouldings of a pediment.
feathered, winged, or a row of columns.
having columns placed between two pilasters (antae) on end of projecting walls.
(from Greek, stylos, meaning pillar) having columns across front of temple, but
not between the projecting walls.
same as prostyle, but with columns at both ends.
Greek, “high city.” The upper citadel of a reek city, usually the site where important temples were erected.
a sculptured female figure used as a column, as on the Erechtheion at the Acropolis of
armory at the Acropolis in Athens, holding the arms of the goddess Athena, as well as votive offerings
in Greek architecture, the stepped platform upon which the superstructure of a building is erected. The uppermost level of the crepidoma is the stylobate. The lower levels are called the stereobate
slight convex curve to the profile of a column.
Greek, young woman. An Archaic Greek statuary type depicting a young woman.
Greek, young man. An Archaic Greek statuary type depicting a young woman.
a simple long woolen belted garment worn by ancient Greek women.
Greek, picture gallery. At the Acropolis of Athens this room of the Propylaea
-- Greek, city.