NUTRITION VOCAB

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Author:
nikkiknak
ID:
39692
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NUTRITION VOCAB
Updated:
2010-10-04 17:19:35
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NUTRITION VOCAB
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nutrition vocab
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  1. ABSORPTION
    major function of small intestine

    mucosal folds, villi and microvilli give a total absorptive area for the small intestine

    • accomplished by 1 of 4 mechanisms:
    • 1. active transport
    • 2. passive diffusion
    • 3. facilitated diffusion
    • 4. pinocytosis or phagocytosis
  2. ACTIVE TRANSPORT
    movement of materials across a cell membrane occuring by means of chemical activity that alters membrane permeability
  3. ADA
  4. American Dietetic Association;
    also: American Diabetes Association
  5. ADIPOSE TISSUE
  6. tissue composed of stored fat cells
  7. ALBUMIN
    • a protein made by the liver
    • The main protein in human blood and the key to the regulation of the osmotic pressure of blood.
    • (keeps the fluid from the blood from leaking out into the tissues)

    normal range is 3.4 - 5.4 g/dL (grams per deciliter)

    A serum albumin test measures the amount of this protein in the clear liquid portion of the blood.

    -Test can help determine if a patient has liver disease, kidney disease, or if the body is not absorbing enough protein.

    Decreased albumin may also be explained by malnutrition or a low protein diet.
  8. AMYLASE
    • enzyme that helps digest carbohydrates
    • produced mainly in the pancreas and the glands that make saliva.

    normal range is 23 to 85 U/L (units per liter)
  9. METABOLISM: Anabolism and Catabolism
    • Anabolism (constructive metabolism) and Catabolism (destructive metabolism)
    • anabolism (those reactions that convert small molecules into large),
    • and catabolism (those reactions that convert large molecules into small)

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