A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
An association of the congressional members created to advance a plolitical ideology or a regional, ethnic, or economic interest.
An order from the House Rules Committee that sets a time limit on debate and forbids a particular bill from being amended on the floor.
A rule used by the Senate, providing to end or limit debate.
An expression of opinion without the use of force of law that requires the approval of both the House and the Senate, but not the president.
A joint committee appointed to resolve differences in House and Senate versions of the same bill.
An alliance between conservative Democrats and Republicans.
A device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had a bill for thirty days, may petition to have it brought to the floor. If a majority of members agree, the bill is discharged for the committee.
A congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted.
A procedure to keep the Senate going during a filibuster, whereby a disputed bill is temporarily shelved so that the Senate can go on with other business.
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefinitely, thus preventing the Senate from taking action on the bill.
Committee on which both representatives and senators serve.
A formal expression of congressional opinion that must be approved by both houses of Congress and by the President; however, joint resolutions proposing a constitutional amendment need not be signed by the president.
The legislative leader elected by the party members holding a majority of seats in the House or the Senate.
Political districts in which candidates elected to the House of Representatives win in close elections, typically by less than 55 percent of the vote.
The legislative leader elected by party members holding a minority of seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate.
A congressional process whereby a bill may be referred to several committees that consider it simultaniously in whole or in part.
An order from the House Rules Committee that permits a bill to be amended on the floor.
A vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a majority of Republican legislators.
Legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents.
A legislative bill that deals with specific, private, personal or local matters, like a bill pertaining to an individual becoming a naturalized citizen.
A legislative bill that deals with matters of general concern, like defense expenditures.
The minimum number if members required to be in attendance for Congress to cinduct official business.
A calling of the roll in either house of Congress to see whether he number of representatives in attendance meets the minimum number required to conduct business.
An order from the House Rules Committee that permits certain kinds of amendments but not others to be made to a bill on the floor.
A congressional procedure that consists of members answerinjg 'yea' or 'nay' when their names are called.
A House district in which the winner of the general election carries more than 55 percent of the vote.
Permanently established legislative committees that consider and are responsible for legislation within certain subject area.
A congressional process by which a Speaker may send a bill to a second committee after the first is finished acting.
An expression of opinion, without the force of law, either in the House or the Senate, to settle housekeeping or procedural matters in either body.
Permanently established legislative committees that consider and are responsible for legislation within a certain subject area.
A congressional voting procedure in which members pass between two tellers, first the 'yeas' and 'nays'. Since 1971, teller votes are recorded at the request of twenty members.
A congressional voting procedure used in both houses in which members vote by shouting 'yea' or 'nay'.
A senator or representative who helps the party leader stay informed about what party members are thinking.