VT-1-2-3_2.txt

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VT-1-2-3_2.txt
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  1. VT1,2,3 GENERAL QUESTIONS
  2. @VT-1 Level I and II personnel are re-certified:
    • \C
    • |A. every 6 months
    • |B. every year
    • |C. every 3 years
    • |D. every 5 years
  3. @As a VT-2 visual inspector you shall have your eyes checked at least
    • \B
    • |A. every 6 months
    • |B. every year
    • |C. every 3 years
    • |D. every 5 years
  4. @ VT-2 inspections are part of a nuclear stations:
    • \B
    • |A. maintenance program
    • |B. Inservice inspection program
    • |C. operability program
    • |D. balance of plant inspection program
  5. @A VT-2 Level I can perform VT-2 inspections?
    • \B
    • |A. No, a Level I can do anything
    • |B. Yes, if he working with a Level II who will make the final judgement
    • |C. A level I can only work with a Level III examiner
    • |D. The Level I can perform the VT-2 inspection with out assistance
  6. @The governing requirements for VT-2 inspections are provided in:
    • \D
    • |A. NRC Reg. Guide 1.58
    • |B. ASME Section V Article 9
    • |C. ASME Section III Subsection NB
    • |D. ASME Section XI IWA 5000
  7. @Which of the these optical aids can be used in direct visual examination?
    • \A
    • |A. mirrors
    • |B. fiberscopes
    • |C. cameras
    • |D. all the above
  8. @Which of the following can be done using the fillet weld gage?
    • \A
    • |A. verify fillet weld leg length
    • |B. checking angle of preparation
    • |C. measure the groove angle
    • |D. measure root opening
  9. @Which of the following can be done using the fillet weld gage?
    • \B
    • |A. checking angle of preparation
    • |B. measuring fillet weld throat
    • |C. measure the groove angle
    • |D. measure root opening
  10. @Which of the following can be done using the Hi-Lo gage?
    • \B
    • |A. verify fillet weld throat
    • |B. check mismatch
    • |C. measure flaw size
    • |D. all of the above
  11. @To examine areas around bends in side a pipe sections, you might use a:
    • \C
    • |A. boroscope
    • |B. telescope
    • |C. fiberscope
    • |D. microscope
  12. @The conformance of a measurement to the actual refers to:
    • \C
    • |A. consistency
    • |B. tolerance
    • |C. accuracy
    • |D. precision
  13. @VT-2 inspections are performed in accordance with the requirements of:
    • \A
    • |A. Approved station procedures
    • |B. ASME Section V Article 9
    • |C. ASME Section III Subsection NB
    • |D. ASME Section XI IWA 5000
  14. @The ability on a measurement device to reproduce its own measurements is typically referred to as:
    • \D
    • |A. consistency
    • |B. tolerance
    • |C. accuracy
    • |D. precision
  15. @The cambridge gage has the ability to measure weld:
    • \A
    • |A. angle of preparation
    • |B. root opening
    • |C. burn through
    • |D. penetration
  16. @The comparison of measurement instruments with reference standards of a close tolerance and known accuracy is called
    • \C
    • |A. gage control
    • |B. tolerance
    • |C. calibration
    • |D. instrument mismatch
  17. @Which of the following can be done using the cambridge gage?
    • \D
    • |A. checking reinforcement height
    • |B. checking angle of preparation
    • |C. measuring fillet weld throat
    • |D. all of the above
  18. @Which of the these optical aids can be used in remote visual VT-2 examination?
    • \D
    • |A. cambridge scope
    • |B. fiberscopes
    • |C. cameras
    • |D. B and C
  19. @The thread pitch gage is used to determine
    • \B
    • |A. the diameter of threads
    • |B. the number of threads per inch
    • |C. the thread pitch angle
    • |D. the size of the bolt
  20. @Many discontinuities have their origin during the actual steel-making process and are usually referred to as:
    • \A
    • |A. inherent discontinuities
    • |B. processing discontinuities
    • |C. drawing discontinuities
    • |D. non-permanent discontinuities
  21. @When is a discontinuity considered a defect?
    • \C
    • |A. When it occurs in the area of interest
    • |B. When it is found by a visual examiner
    • |C. when it effects the usefulness of the part
    • |D. when it occurs in weld metal
  22. @Which of the following discontinuities could typically be found in a casting?
    • \A
    • |A. Hot tears
    • |B. Lamination
    • |C. Stringers
    • |D. Burst
  23. @The amount of variation permitted on the dimensions of a machined is called the:
    • \D
    • |A. diameter measurement
    • |B. dimension limits
    • |C. finish fit limits
    • |D. tolerance
  24. @Burst can develop during rolling or:
    • \C
    • |A. casting
    • |B. drawing
    • |C. forging
    • |D. piercing
  25. @During the rolling process, non-metallic inclusion can develop into:
    • \A
    • |A. stringers
    • |B.
    • cold lap
    • |C. tears
    • |D. burst
  26. @Surface roughness is measured in units of:
    • \C
    • |A. inches
    • |B. feet
    • |C. microinches
    • |D. mils
  27. @The maximum diameter of a hole specified as 2.375 inches +/- .005 inch is:
    • \D
    • |A. 2.375 inch
    • |B. 2.370 inch
    • |C. 2.390 inch
    • |D. 2.380 inch
  28. @The maximum and minimum value on a dimension are called:
    • \C
    • |A. diameter
    • |B. finish
    • |C. tolerance
    • |D. fit
  29. @Which of the following is an example of an inherent discontinuity?
    • \A
    • |A. inclusion
    • |B. fatigue crack
    • |C. stress cracks
    • |D. grinding checks
  30. @Porosity is:
    • \B
    • |A. gas entrapped below the surface of a material
    • |B. gas entrapped below or at the surface of a material
    • |C. foreign crystalline material entrapped below the surface of a material
    • |D. material used during the welding process
  31. @A folded thin flap of material on a forging is called
    • \A
    • |A. a forging lap
    • |B. a crack
    • |C. a cold shut
    • |D. porosity
  32. @Hot tears may be present if the product was formed by:
    • \
    • D
    • |A. explosive forging
    • |B. extrusion
    • |C. forging
    • |D. casting
  33. @A VT-2 system pressure test is at:
    • \A
    • |A. normal operating pressure
    • |B. an elevated pressure
    • |C. 5 percent below operation pressure
    • |D. 25 percent above operation pressure
  34. @During the rolling process, surface porosity might develop into:
    • \A
    • |A. seam
    • |B. cold laps
    • |C. hot tears
    • |D. burst
  35. @There is a difference between join type and weld type. Which of the following is considered a joint type?
    • \C
    • |A. groove
    • |B. fillet
    • |C. tee
    • |D. spot
  36. @Any evidence of leakage in a nuclear reactor system is critical and requires shutdown of the plant.
    • \B
    • |A. True
    • |B. False
  37. @Any evidence of leakage in a nuclear reactor system is critical and requires shutdown of the plant.
    • \B
    • |A. True
    • |B. False
  38. @The affected zone of a weld is the:
    • \B
    • |A. portion of the base metal that has been melted and re-solidified
    • |B. portion of the base metal that has been melted but where properties have been altered by the welding heat
    • |C. portion of the base metal that is added to produce the weld joint
    • |D. original metal that is welded
  39. @Arc strikes form a discontinuity that is caused by:
    • \C
    • |A. excessive heat during the welding process
    • |B. use of improper or wet process
    • |C. welding operator error
    • |D. molten particles splashed out of the molten puddle
  40. @Weld splatter form a discontinuity that is caused by:
    • \D
    • |A. excessive heat during the welding process
    • |B. use of improper or wet process
    • |C. normal welding operation
    • |D. molten particles splashed out of the molten puddle
  41. @Which of the following discontinuities would you find in weldments?
    • \A
    • |A. Porosity
    • |B. blow holes
    • |C. cold shuts
    • |D. burst
  42. @Which of the following discontinuities would you expect to find in a weld that has been in service?
    • \A
    • |A. cracks
    • |B. blow holes
    • |C. cold shuts
    • |D. burst
  43. @Cracks parallel to the length of the weld are called:
    • \B
    • |A. transverse cracks
    • |B. longitudinal cracks
    • |C. toe cracks
    • |D. crater crack
  44. @Cracks perpendicular to the length of the weld are called:
    • \A
    • |A. transverse cracks
    • |B. longitudinal cracks
    • |C. toe cracks
    • |D. crater crack
  45. @Service induced discontinuities caused by mechanical fatigue cracks can often be associated with:
    • \B
    • |A. temperature differentials within a component
    • |B. sharp fillets, grooves and notches
    • |C. corrosive environment
    • |D. stainless steels exposed to halogens
  46. @Service induced cracking would most likely be the result of which of the following:
    • \C
    • |A. Uniformly scattered porosity
    • |B. Laminations
    • |C. Mechanical fatigue
    • |D. Slag inclusions
  47. @Loss of base metal on sliding surfaces due to abrasion is an example of:
    • \A
    • |A. wear
    • |B. distortion
    • |C. fatigue
    • |D. stress corrosion
  48. @Fatigue cracks often begin at:
    • \E
    • |A. section changes
    • |B. thread roots
    • |C. notches
    • |D. weld toes
    • |E. all of the above
  49. @Thermal fatigue is caused by:
    • \B
    • |A. fluctuating stresses
    • |B. overheating
    • |C. fluctuating temperatures
    • |D. over loading
  50. @When visually examining welds, which of the following would be considered?
    • \D
    • |A. arc strikes
    • |B. undercut
    • |C. excessive reinforcement
    • |D. all of the above
  51. @The "length" of a common hex bolt is usually defined as:
    • \C
    • |A. the distance from the top of the head to the end of the threads
    • |B. the total length of the shank excluding threads
    • |C. the total length of the shank including threads
    • |D. the total length of the shank excluding the nut height when fully engaged
  52. @Which of the following best describes a bolting discontinuity called "necking down"?
    • \B
    • |A. an indication on the surface of the fastener produced by abrasion or the
    • impact of coming into contact with other parts
    • |B. localized reduction in specimen caused by overload condition
    • |C. destruction of material by the abrasive action of moving fluids
    • |D. A change in contour or in structure that causes local increases in stress
  53. @Which of the following is a discontinuity associated with visual examination of bolting?
    • \D
    • |A. damaged treads
    • |B. necking down
    • |C. sheared shank at the bolt head
    • |D. all of the above
  54. @Which of the following valves has the primary function of starting and stopping flow:
    • \A
    • |A. Gate valve
    • |B. Globe valve
    • |C. Swing check valve
    • |D. Safety valve
  55. @Which of the following valves has the primary function of regulating flow:
    • \B
    • |A. Gate valve
    • |B. Globe valve
    • |C. Swing check valve
    • |D. Safety valve
  56. @Which of the following valves has the primary function to allow flow in only one direction while allowing full flow in the other direction:
    • \C
    • |A. Gate valve
    • |B. Globe valve
    • |C. Swing check valve
    • |D. Safety valve
  57. @In a typical gate valve, which part of the valve is forced into the fluid to stop the flow:
    • \B
    • |A. Seat ring
    • |B. Wedge
    • |C. Stem
    • |D. Packing gland
  58. @What type motion is required to seal a gate valve?
    • \A
    • |A. Linear
    • |B. Rotary
    • |C. Upward
    • |D. Forward
  59. @What type motion is required to seal a ball valve?
    • \B
    • |A. Linear
    • |B. Rotary
    • |C. Upward
    • |D. Forward
  60. @Which of the these optical aids can be used in remote visual VT-2 examination?
    • \D
    • |A. mirrors
    • |B. fiber-scopes
    • |C. cameras
    • |D. B and C
  61. @You are performing a VT-2 inspection on a vertical insulated piping run, a liquid is noted coming out of the insulation at the lowest point. What do you do.
    • \D
    • |A. Reject the item due to a leak
    • |B. Accept the condition due to the fact this type leak is always OK
    • |C. Report it to NRC because it is a major condition
    • |D. Record the condition and have the insulation removed for further
    • inspection.
  62. @Check valve are primarily used in piping systems where:
    • \D
    • |A. throttling is required
    • |B. on-off control of fluid flow is required
    • |C. direction of flow is to be changed
    • |D. back flow is to be prevented
  63. @An impeller is part of a:
    • \B
    • |A. Valve internal
    • |B. Pump
    • |C. internal part of the swing check valve
    • |D. part of a reactor vessel
  64. @The term "component support" typically refers to:
    • \B
    • |A. only those devices that have a non-integral attachment and are in the
    • vertical or horizontal axis
    • |B. all devices that transmit loads from a component to the building structure
    • |C. only those devices that support piping systems in the X, Y, and Z axis
    • |D. all devices that have an integral attachment to the building structure
  65. @Which of the following best describes a non-integral attachment of a component support:
    • \A
    • |A. A hanger bolted to a structural steel member
    • |B. A welded lug on a vessel
    • |C. The welded vessel skirt
    • |D. A welded-frame restraint attached to the building structure
  66. @Which of the following allows motion during normal plant operation but will restrain component motion during abnormal loading?
    • \C
    • |A. Hanger
    • |B. Restraint
    • |C. Snubber
    • |D. Support
  67. @Which of the following best describes the function of a hanger?
    • \
    • A
    • |A. Carries the component weight from above
    • |B. Carries the component weight from below
    • |C. Installed vertically in compression
    • |D. Installed to allow no motion in the horizontal
  68. @A hydrostatic test is what type VT-2 test?
    • \C
    • |A. A test at normal operating pressure
    • |B. A test that requires a minimum of a 8 hour hold time
    • |C. A test at a pressure above normal operating pressure
    • |D. A test requiring a the ANII to witness
  69. @Primary member of component supports are designed to:
    • \A
    • |A. carry the component load
    • |B. lift the component load
    • |C. raise the component load
    • |D. lower the component load
  70. @The purpose of a snubber is to:
    • \B
    • |A. reduce thermal gradient
    • |B. restrain abnormal dynamic movement
    • |C. eliminate slow gradual movement
    • |D. do all of the above
  71. @Component supports are designed to transmit:
    • \B
    • |A. water
    • |B. loads
    • |C. steam
    • |D. coal
  72. @Component supports that carry the weight of the component from above with the primary member usually in tension are called:
    • \A
    • |A. hangers
    • |B. snubbers
    • |C. supports
    • |D. restraints
  73. @Component supports that carry the weight of the component from below with the primary member usually in compression are called:
    • \C
    • |A. hangers
    • |B. snubbers
    • |C. supports
    • |D. restraints
  74. @Component supports that dampen by either hydraulic action are called:
    • \B
    • |A. hangers
    • |B. snubbers
    • |C. supports
    • |D. restraints
  75. @Component supports that are built to restrain movement along one or more of the 3 principle axes (X, Y, & Z) are called:
    • \D
    • |A. hangers
    • |B. snubbers
    • |C. supports
    • |D. restraints
  76. @Which of the following best describes the characteristics of a variable spring hanger (spring can) support?
    • \C
    • |A. Used to attach the hanger to the component
    • |B. Supports the component from below but allows it to move freely
    • |C. Allows vertical movement with uniform force over full travel range
    • |D. Restrains movement in one direction but allows movement in other
    • directions
  77. @Which of the following best describes the characteristics of a constant spring support?
    • \C
    • |A. Used to attach the hanger to the component
    • |B. Supports the component from below but allows it to move freely
    • |C. Allows vertical movement with uniform force over full travel range
    • |D. Restrains movement in one direction but allows movement in other directions
  78. @Which of the following best describes the importance of a snubber in a nuclear power plant?
    • \B
    • |A. Supports the piping system by allowing limited vertical movement
    • |B. Prevents piping and equipment failure during seismic events
    • |C. Controls water hammer in the piping system
    • |D. Provides tensile support for large equipment to prevent cracking of concrete base
  79. @With reference to snubber, which of the following best describes the term drag?
    • \A
    • |A. The internal friction resistance against an axial movement at a given
    • velocity before activation
    • |B. The rate of snubber movement at one end with respect to the other, in a
    • linear direction, after activation
    • |C. The magnitude of the motion that activates the snubber
    • |D. The extent of free axial movement prior to activation
  80. @When inspecting an installed snubber, you would look for:
    • \E
    • |A. physical damage
    • |B. proper setting
    • |C. missing parts
    • |D. corrosion damage
    • |E. all of the above
  81. @When inspecting an installed variable spring hanger, you would look for:
    • \E
    • |A. physical damage
    • |B. proper setting
    • |C. missing parts
    • |D. corrosion damage
    • |E. all of the above
  82. @When inspecting an installed component support, you would look for:
    • \E
    • |A. physical damage
    • |B. attachment to component
    • |C. missing parts
    • |D. corrosion damage
    • |E. all of the above
  83. @When performing a VT-3 inspection on Figure #8, what areas would you inspect?
    • \A
    • |A. Inspect from the building structure through the lower end of the pipe clamp
    • |B. Inspect from the centerline of the upper spherical barring to the center line of the lower spherical barring
    • |C. The main snubber housing only
    • |D. From the build structure through the lower spherical barring
  84. @The reactor vessel head is typically held in place by:
    • \B
    • |A. a series of clamps requiring frequent visual examination
    • |B. stud bolts and nuts
    • |C. welded straps
    • |D. the weight of the material
  85. @Spargers are found in:
    • \A
    • |A. BWR Reactor Vessel
    • |B. PWR Reactor Vessel
    • |C. both BWR and PWR Vessels
    • |D. Neither BWR nor PWP Vessels
  86. @Jet Pumps are found in:
    • \A
    • |A. BWR Reactor Vessel
    • |B. PWR Reactor Vessel
    • |C. both BWR and PWR Vessels
    • |D. Neither BWR nor PWP Vessels
  87. @It typically considered a direct visual examination if the individual performing the examination can:
    • \D
    • |A. position the end of a fiberscope to within 24" of the object
    • |B. use artificial lighting to illuminate and diffuse the light through the area under examination
    • |C. place a mirror within with in 24" of the object being examined
    • |D. place the eye within 24 " of the surface at an angle not less than 30 deg.
  88. @Borescope are typically use in:
    • \B
    • |A. direct visual examination
    • |B. remote visual examination
    • |C. translucent visual examination
    • |D. physical inspection
  89. @In order to be considered a direct visual examination the component being examined must be within what distance of the eye?
    • \C
    • |A. 10 inches
    • |B. 12 inches
    • |C. 24 inches
    • |D. 36 inches
  90. @Which of the following describes a flexible optical aid that transmits the image electronically to a monitor?
    • \A
    • |A. Videoprobe
    • |B. Borescope
    • |C. Fiberscope
    • |D. Mirrors
  91. @Flexible glass strands used to transmit an image are found in
    • \C
    • |A. binoculars
    • |B. telescopes
    • |C. fiberscopes
    • |D. borescopes
  92. @Remote visual examination can be performed using:
    • \E
    • |A. videoprobe
    • |B. binoculars
    • |C. fiberscopes
    • |D. borescopes
    • |E. all of the above
  93. @In borescope, the image is brought to the eyepiece by a:
    • \A
    • |A. lens train
    • |B.
    • hollow tube
    • |C. light guide
    • |D. fiber bundle
  94. @A distinct advantage of a fiberscope over a borescope is a fiberscope is:
    • \D
    • |A. lightweight
    • |B. rigid
    • |C. simple to use
    • |D. flexible
  95. @Burst and laps are typically found in which of the following forming process?
    • \A
    • |A. Forging
    • |B. Rolling
    • |C. Drawing
    • |D. Extruding
    • |E. Casting
  96. @Hot tears are typically found in which of the following forming process?
    • \E
    • |A. Forging
    • |B. Rolling
    • |C. Drawing
    • |D. Extruding
    • |E. Casting
  97. @Cold shuts are typically found in which of the following forming process?
    • \E
    • |A. Forging
    • |B. Rolling
    • |C. Drawing
    • |D. Extruding
    • |E. Casting
  98. @Laminations are typically found in which of the following forming process?
    • \B
    • |A. Forging
    • |B. Rolling
    • |C. Drawing
    • |D. Extruding
    • |E. Casting
  99. @Unfused chaplets are typically found in which of the following forming process?
    • \E
    • |A. Forging
    • |B. Rolling
    • |C. Drawing
    • |D. Extruding
    • |E. Casting
  100. @Lamination found in finished rolled products, such as plate, angle iron and "I" beams, typically appear on the:
    • \A
    • |A. centerline
    • |B. corner
    • |C. edge
    • |D. face
    • @A casting discontinuity that appears as a fold of metal or a smooth, crack-like indication is typically called:
    • \D
    • |A. a hot tear
    • |B. unfused porosity
    • |C. an inclusion
    • |D. a cold shut
  101. @When inherent discontinuities such as porosity are subjected to further processing such as rolling, it is possible to cause:
    • \B
    • |A. cold shuts
    • |B. laminations
    • |C. unfused chaplets
    • |D. metallic inclusions
  102. @Unfused chaplets are associated with:
    • \A
    • |A. casting
    • |B. welding
    • |C. forging
    • |D. rolling
  103. @Laminations are generally:
    • \A
    • |A. linear and parallel with the surface of the plate
    • |B. linear and perpendicular with the surface of the plate
    • |C. linear and randomly oriented in the plate
    • |D. characterized by containing tungsten inclusions
  104. @The distance from the toe of the weld to the root in a convex fillet weld is the:
    • \D
    • |A. actual throat
    • |B. theoretical throat
    • |C. crown
    • |D. leg length
  105. @In a fillet weld, the weld size is also the:
    • \D|A. actual throat
    • |B. theoretical throat
    • |C. crown
    • |D. leg length
  106. @GTAW produces coalescence by heating metals with an arc between the work and a:
    • \C
    • |A. bare filler metal electrode
    • |B. covered tungsten electrode
    • |C. bare tungsten electrode
    • |D. covered filler metal electrode
  107. @The distance from the root of the fillet weld to the crown in a convex fillet weld is the:
    • \A
    • |A. actual throat
    • |B. theoretical throat
    • |C. crown
    • |D. leg length
  108. @Which of the following describes a joint type that could be joined with a fillet weld?
    • \C
    • |A. Single-V
    • |B. Edge joint
    • |C. Tee-joint
    • |D. Double level
  109. @Crown reinforcement and root reinforcement are both considered when measuring the:
    • \B
    • |A. root opening of a groove weld
    • |B. actual throat of a groove weld
    • |C. distance to the toe of a fillet weld
    • |D. groove angle of the root face in a lap weld
  110. @The actual throat of a weld is the:
    • \B
    • |A. actual distance from the face of the weld to the vertical leg
    • |B. shortest distance from the root of the weld to its face
    • |C. distance from the toe to the actual root
    • |D. theoretical throat distance minus the convexity of the weld face
  111. @SMAW produces coalescence by heating metals with an arc between the work and a:
    • \D
    • |A. bare filler metal electrode
    • |B. covered tungsten electrode
    • |C. bare tungsten electrode
    • |D. covered filler metal electrode
  112. @GMAW produces coalescence by heating metals with an arc between the work and a:
    • \D
    • |A. bare filler metal electrode
    • |B. covered tungsten electrode
    • |C. bare tungsten electrode
    • |D. covered filler metal electrode
  113. @Which welding process uses an inert gas as a protective covering for the molten metal during the welding process?
    • \B
    • |A. SMAW
    • |B. GTAW
    • |C. SAW
    • |D. Resistance welding
  114. @VT-2 examinations are conducted on:
    • \D
    • |A. insulated components
    • |B. non-insulated components
    • |C. buried components
    • |D. All of the above
  115. @Which welding process is shielded by decomposition of the electrode covering during the welding process?
    • \A
    • |A. SMAW
    • |B. GTAW
    • |C. SAW
    • |D. Resistance welding
  116. @Gas bubbles entrapped in welds are know as?
    • \C
    • |A. slag
    • |B. inclusions
    • |C. porosity
    • |D. laminations
  117. @Crater cracks are normally found by visual examination at what location?
    • \D
    • |A. the centerline of the weld
    • |B. internally between weld passes
    • |C. in the base material
    • |D. in a start stop weld puddle
  118. @On a double V groove welded joint, which one of the following discontinuities could not be detected by the visual examination method?
    • \C
    • |A. crater crack
    • |B. undercut
    • |C. lack of penetration
    • |D. underfill
  119. @A small star shaped pattern at the termination point of a weld bead is usually an indication of:
    • \A
    • |A. crater crack
    • |B. undercut
    • |C. lack of penetration
    • |D. underfill
  120. @Tungsten inclusions and suckback are most characteristic of which welding process?
    • \C
    • |A. SMAW
    • |B. GMAW
    • |C. GTAW
    • |D. FCAW
  121. @In its original shape, porosity would appear:
    • \C
    • |A. elongated
    • |B. irregular
    • |C. round or nearly round
    • |D. linear
  122. @Porosity indications are characteristic of which welding process?
    • \D
    • |A. SMAW
    • |B. GMAW
    • |C. GTAW
    • |D. All of the above
  123. @During the SMAW weld process, when the flux coating on an electrode is entrapped in the weld metal, is classified as?
    • \C
    • |A. lack of fusion
    • |B. cracking
    • |C. slag
    • |D. porosity
  124. @Slag and non-metallic inclusions are most likely caused by:
    • \A
    • |A. inadequate interpass cleaning
    • |B. moisture in the weld joint
    • |C. high current
    • |D. loss of shielding gas
  125. @Accumulation of boric acid residue could indicate:
    • \B
    • |A. lubricant leakage
    • |B. coolant system leakage
    • |C. paint residue
    • |D. all of the above
  126. @The presence of undesirable gases can adversely affect the welding process by causing:
    • \A
    • |A. porosity
    • |B. inclusions
    • |C. laminations
    • |D. weld craters
  127. @Excess moisture in SMAW electrode coating can cause
    • \C
    • |A. slag
    • |B. cracking
    • |C. porosity
    • |D. weld craters
  128. @Embrittlement is the severe loss of ductility of a metal typically resulting from:
    • \C
    • |A. fatigue
    • |B. erosion
    • |C. inservice environment
    • |D. cavitation
  129. @A fracture that is usually open to the surface and occurs during the solidification of a casting is typically called:
    • \A
    • |A. hot tear
    • |B. crater crack
    • |C. forging burst
    • |D. forging crack
  130. @In a chloride environment stress corrosion cracking is often found in:
    • \C
    • |A. carbon steel
    • |B. aluminum
    • |C. stainless steel
    • |D. brass
  131. @Before conducting a visual examination, which of the following must be removed from the surface to be examined
    • \E
    • |A. Excess rust
    • |B. Weld slag
    • |C. Oxides
    • |D. Dirt
    • |E. All of the above
  132. @A convex weld reinforcement surface is one that:
    • \A
    • |A. curves outward
    • |B. basically flat
    • |C. cause for rejection
    • |D. curved inward
  133. @A concave weld reinforcement surface is one that:
    • \A
    • |A. curves outward
    • |B. basically flat
    • |C. cause for rejection
    • |D. curved inward
  134. @A condition on the surface of a component that appears as a group of voids or gas pocket is best described as:
    • \B
    • |A. arc strikes
    • |B. porosity
    • |C. inclusion
    • |D. crater crack
    • |E. undercut
  135. @When performing VT-2 on a accessible horizontal run of insulated piping:
    • \B
    • |A. you only need to examine the lowest elevation where leakage may be
    • detectable
    • |B. you need to examine each insulated joint
    • |C. you need to examine the area above the piping
    • |D. all of the above
  136. @On insulated components, VT-2 can be performed:
    • \A
    • |A. without removing the insulation
    • |B. only after the insulation is removed
    • |C. by examining the highest elevation where leakage may be present
    • |D. all of the above
  137. @A condition at the toe of the weld reinforcement (crown) where the base metal has been burn away and a linear cavity longitudinal to the weld remains:
    • \E
    • |A. arc strikes
    • |B. porosity
    • |C. inclusion
    • |D. crater crack
    • |E. undercut
  138. @A condition on the base material or on the weld where an unintentional rapid heating has occurred by a poorly connected welding ground cable or inadvertently striking the surface with the welding electrode, is best described as a/an:
    • \A
    • |A. arc strikes
    • |B. porosity
    • |C. inclusion
    • |D. crater crack
    • |E. undercut
  139. @A condition at the toe of the weld reinforcement (crown) where the weld preparation groove has not been filled with weld filler material, is best described as a/an:
    • \C
    • |A. arc strikes
    • |B. porosity
    • |C. underfill
    • |D. crater crack
    • |E. undercut
  140. @Bolting necking-down results from:
    • \A
    • |A. overloading
    • |B. folding of metal
    • |C. extrusion
    • |D. insufficient ductility
  141. @A mechanical operated device that is designed to minimize the effects of an abnormal seismic loading condition best describes a:
    • \B
    • |A. hanger
    • |B. snubber
    • |C. restraint
    • |D. variable spring support
  142. @A gate valve's function is to:
    • \D
    • |A. monitor flow
    • |B. restrict flow
    • |C. control flow
    • |D. stop of allow complete flow
  143. @A globe valve's function is to:
    • \C
    • |A. monitor flow
    • |B. restrict flow
    • |C. control flow
    • |D. stop of allow complete flow
    • @If you are performing a VT-2 inspection you are:
    • \C
    • |A. inspecting a component support
    • |B. inspecting a weld
    • |C. inspecting for leakage
    • |D. inspecting a valve internals
  144. @Which type of valve allows flow in only one direction?
    • \B
    • |A. Globe valve
    • |B. Check valve
    • |C. Gate valve
    • |D. Butterfly valve
  145. @Piping systems can be inspected for leakage while insulated?
    • \
    • |A. True
    • |B. False
  146. @The coating on a valve have to be removed for VT-2 inspection.
    • \C
    • |A. Only is a leak is suspected
    • |B. Coating have to remove for all VT-2 inspections
    • |C. Valves can be inspected while coated
  147. @You are performing a VT-2 inspection on a horizontal insulated piping run, a liquid is noted coming out of the insulation. What do you do.
    • \A
    • |A. Record the condition and have the insulation be removed for further
    • inspection.
    • |B. Reject the item due to a leak
    • |C. Accept the condition due to the fact this type leak is always OK
    • |D. Report it to NRC because it is a major condition
  148. @What should you do if you notice very slight leakage from the stem packing of a valve while performing a VT examination?
    • \A
    • |A. Record it
    • |B. Accept it
    • |C. Ignore it
    • |D. Reject it
  149. @Boric acid residue on a component appears:
    • \C
    • |A. to looks like iron oxide
    • |B. turns the surface of the component black
    • |C. as a white residue
    • |D. to be a brown sticky liquid
  150. @Verification of the hot and cold settings is part of the visual examination of:
    • \B
    • |A. pumps
    • |B. variable spring hangers
    • |C. valves
    • |D. steam generators
  151. @What type of motion is used to operate gate valves?
    • \A
    • |A. linear
    • |B. rotary
    • |C. straight
    • |D. fluid
  152. @What type of motion is used to operate globe valves?
    • \A
    • |A. linear
    • |B. rotary
    • |C. straight
    • |D. fluid
  153. @Pump cavitation usually occurs on or near the
    • \B
    • |A. bearing
    • |B. impeller
    • |C. shaft
    • |D. rings
  154. @Water hammer is:
    • \B
    • |A. a device used for oil drilling
    • |B. caused by an abrupt flow change
    • |C. overfilling the water lines
    • |D. an indication of cavitation
  155. @Cavitation
    • \B
    • |A. occurs only with the collapse of the gas vapor bubble
    • |B. begins with the bubble and extends to the collapse of the cavity
    • |C. occurs when the system pressure adjacent to a flow boundary is reduced below the vapor pressure of the liquid
    • |D. is caused by a gradual drop in pressure
  156. @Excessive pump vibration can be caused by:
    • \D
    • |A. rotating element unbalance
    • |B. worn or loose parts
    • |C. misalignment
    • |D. All of the above
  157. @You are performing a VT-2 inspection on a Valve, it is noted that a very small amount of water is leaking from the packing gland. What do you do?
    • \A
    • |A. Accept the condition for the VT-2 inspection but report the leak for future maintenance
    • |B. Reject the item because any leak is unacceptable
    • |C. Report the condition to NRC
    • |D. As the maintenance department on what to do
  158. @A temperature rise in the pump bearings is usually due to:
    • \B
    • |A. operating the pump for too long a period
    • |B. abnormal friction
    • |C. malfunction of the thermocouple
    • |D. cavitation
  159. @Accumulation of boric acid residue could indicatre:
    • \D
    • |A. corrosion
    • |B. leakage
    • |C. a recordable indication
    • |D. all of the above
  160. @Where would you suspect leakage from a gate valve?
    • \D
    • |A. around the packing gland
    • |B. bolted bonnet flange
    • |C. around the shaft
    • |D. all of the above
  161. @Visual examinations for leakage are performed by an inspector certified Level II for:
    • \B
    • |A. VT-1
    • |B. VT-2
    • |C. VT-3
    • |D. Any of the above
  162. @Visual examination of components where leakage is normally expected is conducted by verifying that the:
    • \C
    • |A. system pressure is raised to 1.5 times the normal pressure
    • |B. test temperature is above 200 deg F
    • |C. leakage collection system is operative
    • |D. the system is drained during the inspection and pressurized with air
  163. @When performing VT-2 on a accessible vertical run of insulated piping:
    • \A
    • |A. you only need to examine the lowest elevation where leakage may be detectable
    • |B. you need to examine each insulated joint
    • |C. you need to examine the area above the piping
    • |D. all of the above
  164. @An important tool during leakage inspection is
    • \B
    • |A. an 18% gray card
    • |B. flashlight
    • |C. a steel rule
    • |D. a Cambridge gage
  165. @Leakage in non-insulated components is determined by examining the:
    • \D
    • |A. surrounding area
    • |B. floor area
    • |C. equipment surface
    • |D. all of the above
  166. @In PWRs, Leakage sources and areas of general corrosion in ferritic steel components are usually identified by:
    • \B
    • |A. liquid penetrant inspection
    • |B. boric acid residue
    • |C. using a black light
    • |D. by using ultrasonic examination
  167. @The principal advantage of visual examination for leakage is that:
    • \A
    • |A. the entire system can be tested at one time
    • |B. it can indicate mechanical problems
    • |C. the insulation has to be removed, which will reveal other problems
    • |D. all of the above
  168. @Ferritic components exposed to boric acid can:
    • \C
    • |A. erode
    • |B. is difficult to see
    • |C. corrode
    • |D. be ignored
  169. @A hanger is a component support which usually carries it load in:
    • \B
    • |A. compression
    • |B. tension
    • |C. both tension and compression
    • |D. axial movement
  170. @A support is a device which usually carries it load in:
    • \A
    • |A. compression
    • |B. tension
    • |C. both tension and compression
    • |D. axial movement
  171. @A general term that encompasses all types of metal devices that transmit loads from the component to the building structure is a:
    • \A
    • |A. component support
    • |B. vibration damper
    • |C. structural frame
    • |D. tensile load frame
  172. @A hydraulic operated device that is designed to minimize the effects of an abnormal seismic loading condition best describes a:
    • \B
    • |A. hanger
    • |B. snubber
    • |C. restraint
    • |D. variable spring support
  173. @What type of movement do snubbers restrain?
    • \A
    • |A. Dynamic
    • |B. Thermal
    • |C. Hydrostatic
    • |D. Normal plant operations
  174. @An integral attachment would typically refer to a
    • \C
    • |A. sliding cradle
    • |B. a bolted clamp
    • |C. a welded lug
    • |D. bolted saddle clamp
  175. @An individual performing visual examination on a support that involved an integral attachment would be looking at:
    • \B
    • |A. loose bolts
    • |B. weldment
    • |C. cotter pins
    • |D. riveted joint
  176. @Corrosion attack in the form of pitting is called:
    • \A
    • |A. localized corrosion
    • |B. galvanic corrosion
    • |C. erosion corrosion
    • |D. intergranular corrosion
  177. @Corrosion attack in the form of fine cracking that follows the metal grain boundary is called:
    • \D
    • |A. localized corrosion
    • |B. galvanic corrosion
    • |C. erosion corrosion
    • |D. intergranular corrosion
  178. @Corrosion attack caused by the reaction of dissimilar metals in contact is called:
    • \B
    • |A. localized corrosion
    • |B. galvanic corrosion
    • |C. erosion corrosion
    • |D. intergranular corrosion
  179. @Which of the following is a key examination area when examining a restraint?
    • \E
    • |A. pipe to clamp interface
    • |B. integral connections between composite pieces
    • |C. clearances, gaps, and contacting parts
    • |D. attachments to the building structure
    • |E. all of the above
  180. @A frozen snubber is one that:
    • \D
    • |A. is installed in cold locations
    • |B. does not restrain
    • |C. leaks fluid
    • |D. does not move
  181. @A snubber is an example of:
    • \C
    • |A. an anchor
    • |B. a hanger
    • |C. a restraint
    • |D. a support
  182. @Verification of the hot and cold settings is part of the visual examination of:
    • \B
    • |A. pumps
    • |B. subbers
    • |C. valves
    • |D. steam genarators
  183. @One of the primary reasons for hydraulic snubber failure is:
    • \A
    • |A. seal leakage
    • |B. mechanical failure
    • |C. piston rod movement during operation
    • |D. torque drum movement
  184. @Deformed component support parts are usually caused by:
    • \C
    • |A. corrosion
    • |B. fatigue
    • |C. physical damage
    • |D. inadequate construction practices
  185. @The failure of components under cyclic loading is usually caused by:
    • \B
    • |A. corrosion
    • |B. fatigue
    • |C. physical damage
    • |D. inadequate construction practices
  186. @The inspection of reactor vessel internals is normally performed by using:
    • \A
    • |A. closed circuit TV systems
    • |B. view boxes
    • |C. fiberscopes
    • |D. borescopes
  187. @The visual of examination of reactor vessel internals typically involves:
    • \D
    • |A. VT-1 only
    • |B. VT-2 only
    • |C. VT-3 only
    • |D. VT-1 AND VT-3
  188. @A distinct advantage of a fiberscope over a borescope is a fiberscope is:
    • \A
    • |A. Flexible
    • |B. Rigid
    • |C. lighter in weight
    • |D. simpler to use
  189. @In Borescopes the image is brought to the eyepiece by a:
    • \C
    • |A. hollow tube
    • |B. light guide
    • |C. lens train
    • |D. fiber bundle
  190. @In fiberscopes the image is brought to the eyepiece by a:
    • \D
    • |A. hollow tube
    • |B. light guide
    • |C. lens train
    • |D. fiber bundle
  191. @In order to pervent light from diffusing out, each individual fiber is coated with a very thin layer of __________ with a different refractive index.
    • \C
    • |A. steel
    • |B. silver
    • |C. glass
    • |D. wax
  192. @Discontinuities that are related to the original melting and solidification are considered:
    • \A
    • |A. inherent discontinuities
    • |B. primary processing discontinuities
    • |C. secondary processing discontinuities
    • |D. Service induced discontinuities
  193. @Discontinuities that are related to the processing the original melting and solidification of the metal by forging, pecering, and extruding are:
    • \B
    • |A. inherent discontinuities
    • |B. primary processing discontinuities
    • |C. secondary processing discontinuities
    • |D. Service induced discontinuities
  194. @Discontinuities that are related to welding, grinding and machining are considered:
    • \C
    • |A. inherent discontinuities
    • |B. primary processing discontinuities
    • |C. secondary processing discontinuities
    • |D. Service induced discontinuities
  195. @Which of the following processing discontinuities occur in forgings?
    • \A
    • |A. burst
    • |B. slugs
    • |C. hot tears
    • |D. porosity
  196. @Which of the following processing discontinuities occur in castings?
    • \C
    • |A. burst
    • |B. slugs
    • |C. hot tears
    • |D. seams
  197. @The GTAW process is considered a:
    • \D
    • |A. manual process
    • |B. semi-automatic process
    • |C. automatic process
    • |D. All of the above
  198. @Which of the following describes a joint type that could be joined with a fillet weld?
    • \B
    • |A. Butt joint
    • |B. T-Joint
    • |C. Edge joint
    • |D. Square grove joint
  199. @Which of the following welding processes is also known as "Stick Welding"
    • \C
    • |A. GTAW
    • |B. GMAW
    • |C. SMAW
    • |D. RTAW
  200. @Which of the following welding processes is also known as "TIG Welding"
    • \A
    • |A. GTAW
    • |B. GMAW
    • |C. SMAW
    • |D. RTAW
  201. @A condition in a weld metal where groups of pores or voids are closely following by lengths of porosity free metal is called:
    • \B
    • |A. uniform scattered porosity
    • |B. cluster porosity
    • |C. linear porosity
    • |D. wormhole porosity
  202. @Which of the following welding processes is also known as "MIG Welding"
    • \B
    • |A. GTAW
    • |B. GMAW
    • |C. SMAW
    • |D. SAW
  203. @Fatigue failure is a:
    • \D
    • |A. inherent discontinuity
    • |B. primary processing discontinuity
    • |C. secondary processing discontinuity
    • |D. Service induced discontinuity
  204. @A condition on the surface of a weld that appears, as a group of voids or gas pockets is best described as:
    • \C
    • |A. arc strike
    • |B. inclusion
    • |C. porosity
    • |D. crater cracks
  205. @A processing discontinuity associated with the piercing process is termed:
    • \B
    • |A. a burst
    • |B. a scab
    • |C. a lap
    • |D. a slug
  206. @A processing discontinuity associated with the forging process is termed:
    • \C
    • |A. a porosity
    • |B. a scab
    • |C. a lap
    • |D. a slug
  207. @According to ASME Section XI, the term "Bolting" Consists of :
    • \D
    • |A. bolts
    • |B. studs
    • |C. washers and bushings
    • |D. All of the above
  208. @Per ASME Section XI, bolting is divided into two categories based on:
    • \D
    • |A. type
    • |B. material composition
    • |C. length
    • |D. size
  209. @A fracture that is usually open the surface and occur during the solidification of a casting is typically called a
    • \D
    • |A. crater crack
    • |B. forging crack
    • |C. burst
    • |D. hot tear
  210. @Mechanical fatigue is a exclusively high-stress, low cycle phenomenon.
    • \B
    • |A. True
    • |B. False
  211. @Burst and laps are typical of which of the following forming processes?
    • \D
    • |A. Rolling
    • |B. Drawing
    • |C. Piercing
    • |D. Forging
  212. @The leg length and the size of a fillet weld are the same:
    • \A
    • |A. True
    • |B. False
  213. @Embrittlement is easily detected visually.
    • \B
    • |A. True
    • |B. False
  214. @The SMAW process is considered a:
    • \A
    • |A. manual
    • |B. semi-automatic process
    • |C. automatic process
    • |D. All of the above
  215. @Which of the following describes a join type that could be joined with a fillet weld?
    • \B
    • |A. Double-bevel
    • |B. T-joint
    • |C. Single-V joint
    • |D. Edge joint
  216. @Visual examination of welds are normally performed:
    • \D
    • |A. prior to start of fabrication
    • |B. in process
    • |C. after completion of
    • |D. all of the above

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