A legislative grant of money to finance a government program or agency.
Legislative permission to begin or continue a government program or agency. Authorizations may be annual, multiyear, or permanent.
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials.
The ability of a congressional committee to review and approve certain agency decisions in advance and without passing a law.
The government offices to which people are appointed on the basis of merit as ascertained by a written examination or by meeting certain selection criteria such as training or educational attainments.
The extent to which appointed bureaucrats can choose courses of action and make policies that are not spelled out in advance by laws.
A close relationship between an agency, a congressional committee, and an interest group.
A network of people in Washington D.C. based in interest groups, on congressional staffs, in universities and think tanks, and in the mass media who regularly discuss and advocate public policies.
An economic theory that government should not regulate or interfere with commerce.
The register of a presidential or administrative agency action by a vote of one or both houses of Congress without the consent of the president. In 1983 the Supreme Court declared practice to be unconstitutional.
Complex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done.
Funds for government programs that are collected and spent outside the regular government budget.