Prescription Practice

Card Set Information

Author:
STORM
ID:
39914
Filename:
Prescription Practice
Updated:
2010-10-05 14:04:38
Tags:
Rx drugs
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Description:
GU
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  1. MOA of sildenafil?
    PDE5 inhibitors: increase the normal response of the penile vasculature to NO
  2. VIAGRA: generic name and strengths
    • Sildenafil
    • 25, 50 and 100mg
    • Dose: 1h before sex
  3. Why sildenafil should be used with caution in pilots?
    Blue/green colors altered
  4. LEVITRA: generic name and strengths
    • Vardenafil
    • 2.5, 5, 10 and 20mg QD
  5. CIALIS: generic name and strengths
    • Tadalafil
    • 5, 10 and 20mg
    • Long-acting (duration 24-48hs)
  6. MUSE: generic name and strengths
    • Alprostadil
    • Pellets: 125, 250, 500 and 1000mcg (urethral suppository)
    • Onset: 5-10min
    • Duration 30-60min
  7. Main caution related to MUSE?
    • Priapism (erection lasting >6h) that can lead to clots
    • Tx: epinephrine, phenilephrine, or surgery
  8. Drugs for overactive bladder?
    • Oxybutin (DITROPAN)
    • Tolterodine (DETROL)
    • SANCTURA
    • ENABLEX
    • VESICARE
    • L-hyosciamine (LEVSIN)
  9. DITOPRAN: generic name and strengths
    • Oxybutin
    • Tabs: 5mg
    • Syrup: 5mg/5ml
    • XR tab (DITROPAN XL): 5, 10 and 15mg
    • Transdermal (OXYTROL): 3.9mg/day
  10. DITROPAN dose frequency?
    • Tabs and Syrup: BID-QID
    • XR: QD
    • Transdermal patch: twice a week
  11. Strategies to tx urinary incontinence?
    • Limit caffeine
    • Drink less in PM
    • Create time for urination
    • Kegel exercises
  12. DETROL: generic name and strengths
    • Tolterodine, TOL-TE-RO-DI-NE
    • Tab:1, 2mg
    • XR caps (DETROL LA): 2, 4mg
  13. Advantage of DETROL over DITROPAN?
    • Bladder selective
    • Less dry mouth than DITROPAN
  14. LEVSIN: generic name and strengths
    • L-hyosciamine
    • LEVSIN SL and oral tab: 0.125mg
    • LEVSIN elixir: 0.125mg/5ml
    • Drops: 0.125mg/ml
    • Oral desintegrating tab (NULEV): 0.125mg
    • Long-acting (LEVSINEX) caps: 0.375mg;
    • LEVBID caps: 0.375mg
  15. Used in hospice pts (terminally ill) as sputum and saliva drying agent?
    LEVSIN (L-hyosciamine)
  16. Methenamine Products?
    • HYPREX, UREX - methenamine hippurate
    • MANDELAMINE - methelamine mandelate
  17. Which methelamine product contains Yellow Dye #5 (tartarazine) and should be used with caution in COPD/asthma and ASA allergy pts.
    HYPREX
  18. Nitrofurantoin: brand name and strengths
    • MACRODANTIN: 25, 50 and 100mg
    • MACROBID: 100mg
  19. Nitrofurantoin caution?
    • Can cause pulmonary adverse effects
    • Severe cough and interstitial pneumonitis
    • CHRONI use: can cause permanent damage (pulmonary fibrosis or resp failure, even if drug is withdrawn)
  20. NOROXIN: generic name and strengths
    • Norfloxacin 400mg
    • Dose: 400mg BID
  21. Class of drugs used for BPH?
    • 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (finasteride, dutasteride)
    • alpha-1 receptor blockers (tamsulosin, alfuzosin)
  22. PROSCAR: generic name and strengths
    • Finasteride 1mg or 5mg
    • 1mg: propecia
    • 5mg QD: BPH
  23. AVODART: generic name and strengths
    Dutasteride caps 0.5mg QD
  24. FLOMAX: generic name and strengths
    • Tamsulosin 0.4mg QD usually 8PM
    • In AM can cause dizzness
    • Can be used with PROSCAR
  25. UROXATRAL: generic name and strengths
    • Alfuzosin 10mg QD after the same meal
    • Interaction with CYP3A4 inhibitors
  26. PYRIDIUM: generic name and strengths
    • Phenazopyridine
    • Tabs: 100, 200
    • PYRIDIUM Plus: 150mg + 0.3mgbutalbital + 15mg hyosciamine
    • OTC: AZO Standard
  27. Cause change in urine color?
    PYRIDIUM
  28. URISED: generic name and strengths
    • Methenamine + phenyl salicylate + sulfate + hyosciamine + benzoic acid + methilene blue
    • 2 QID (meals and HS)
    • May discolor urine
    • Similar product: PROSED D/S
  29. Topical analgesic effect on urinary tract mucosa
    PYRIDIUM
  30. Precaution in G6PD deficiency patients
    Nitrofurantoin

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