Nutrition Chapt. 8

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Nutrition Chapt. 8
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2010-10-05 17:21:21
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Nutrition Chapt
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Nutrition Chapt. 8
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  1. Classes of body minerals:
    Major and trace
  2. Functions of minerals:
    • building tissue &
    • activating, regulating, transmitting and controlling metabolic processes
  3. Calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, & sulfur are:
    major minerals
  4. ________ functions in bone and tooth formation, blood clotting, muscle and nerve action & metabolic reactions.
    Calcium
  5. Calcium functions in absorption of _____.
    B12
  6. ______ functions in activation of pancreatic lipase
    calcium
  7. _______ functions in the secretion of insulin
    calcium
  8. ________ function in cell membrane permeability.
    calcium
  9. deficiency state of calcium:
    osteoporosis
  10. Toxicity symptoms of calcium is:
    kidney stones
  11. Food sources of calcium are:
    milk, green vegetables, fish with bones & fortified foods.
  12. Bone and tooth formation
    energy metabolism
    oxidation of carbohydrates, fat & proteins
    Energy and protein metabolism
    cell function and genetic inheritance as well as
    Acid-base balance are all functions of:
    phosphorus
  13. Deficiency states of phosphorus are:
    rare
  14. Toxicity states of phosphorus are:
    rare
  15. food sources of phosphorus are:
    milk/dairy, fish and eggs
  16. _______ functions in water balance, acid-base balance, muscle action and nutrient absorption.
    sodium
  17. Deficiency states of ______ are rare except during heavy sweating, strenuous activity in heat, and can result in acid/base imbalance & muscle cramps.
    sodium
  18. Toxicity symptoms of ______ are salt sensitivity and hypertension.
    sodium
  19. ________ functions in water balance
    -metabolic reactions (conversion of glucose to glycogen, storage of nitrogen in muscles and production of energy)
    Potassium
  20. _______ also functions in muscle action, insulin release and blood pressure.
    potassium
  21. Toxicity of ______ can cause heart muscle weakness, possible cardiac arrest.
    potassium
  22. Food sources of potassium are:
    fruit, veggies, whole grains, fresh meats
  23. Functions of ________ are digestion and respiration
    chloride
  24. deficiency of chloride includes:
    excessive vomiting, deficiency and metabolic alkalosis
  25. Food source of chloride:
    table salt
  26. Magnesium functions include:
    • General metabolism
    • Protein synthesis
    • Muscle action
    • Basal metabolic rate (influences thyroxine)
  27. Deficiency states of magnesium includes:
    • muscle weakness
    • cramps
    • hypertension
    • blood vessel constriction in heart & brain
  28. Food sources of magnesium:
    nuts, soybeans, cocoa, seafood, peas & green veggies
  29. Functions of ______ include hair, skin and nails, general metabolic functions, vitamin structure and collagen structure
    sulfur
  30. Deficiency and toxicity of _______ are none.
    sulfur
  31. Food sources of sulfur are:
    meat, nuts, soy, fish, cheese and eggs
  32. Trace element_____ functions in hemoglobin synthesis & general metabolism
    iron
  33. Deficiency of _____ is anemia
    iron
  34. Toxicity of iron is:
    hemochromatosis
  35. Food sources of iron:
    heme, nonheme
  36. Heme food sources are _____ sources
    animal
  37. Nonheme food sources are:
    plants

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