Sp. Ch. 3 Grammar

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Sp. Ch. 3 Grammar
2010-10-05 17:29:21

Ch. 3 info
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  1. Había una vez...
    Once upon a time there was/were
  2. A que no saben...
    Bet you don't know...
  3. No saben la sorpresa que se llevó cuando...
    you wouldn't believe how surprised he/she was when..
  4. Preterite
    - Refers to a completed past action, the beginning or end of a past action, and an action that occurred over a set period of time.
  5. Imperfect-
    • -Expresses time and age
    • -To describe past actions with a progressive aspect
    • -To describe two or more actions with a progressive aspect that occurred simultaneously
    • -To describe a progressive action in the past when another occurred or interrupted the action in progress. Preterite is used for the action that occurred.
  6. Always, frequently, every day-month-year, many times
    siempre, a menudo-con frecuencia-frecuentemente, todos los dias-meses-años, muchas veces

    -Use these with the imperfect to describe past habitual actions-Use with preterit to indicate recurring completed actions that occurred during a specific time
  7. To Describe:
    Use SER and ESTAR + adjective.

    -Ser + adj. when you are describing being- physical, mental, or emotional characteristics that you associate with a person or phys. characters with a thing.

    -Estar + adj. when describing the condition or state of being of a person, place, or thing.
  8. Past Participle as an Adjective:
    • 1. Use estar + PP to indicate the result caused by an action
    • 2. Past participles function as an adjective and agree in gender and number.
    • 3. irregular participles that are frequently used as adjectives include:
    • - abierto: open
    • - escrito-a: written
    • - hecho-a: made
    • - muerto-a: dead
    • - puesto-a: placed- put
    • - resuelto-a: resolved
    • - roto-a : broken
  9. Indirect Object
    • - If a sentence has an indirect object, it always needs an indirect object pronoun
    • - Put the indirect object pronoun before the conjugated verb, or after and attached to the infinitive or present participle.
  10. Indirect Object Pronouns-
    me, te, le, nos, os, les