Sp. Ch. 4 Grammer

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Sp. Ch. 4 Grammer
2010-10-05 19:06:59

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  1. To express a past plan that did not materialize or to give excuses:
    use the imperfect of ir + a + infinitive
  2. Conocer in imperfect:
    knew (someone or some place)
  3. Conocer in preterit
    met for the first time- begant to know (someone or some place)
  4. Saber in imperfect:
    knew (something)
  5. saber in preterit:
    found out (something)
  6. no querer in imperfect
    didn't want (to do something)
  7. No querer in preterit
    refused and didn't (do something)
  8. no poder in imperfect
    was-were not able (to do something)
  9. no poder in preterit
    was-were not able and didn't (do something)
  10. tener que in imperfect
    had to-was supposed to (do something, but didn't necessarily do it
  11. tener que in preterit
    had to and did (do something)
  12. Lo + adj. and lo que
    • 1. use the word Lo, followed by a masculine singular adjective to express abstract ideas
    • ex: the sad thing is... the good part was...
    • 2. Lo que is used to express the thing that or what, whenever what is not a question word.
    • ex: the thing that they were interested in... , The thing you propose is absurd...
  13. unintentional se : to express accidental or unintentional occurrences
    1. to express accidental or unintentional occurrences, use the following construction with se and an indirect-object pronoun: se + ind-ob. pronoun + singular verb + singular noun or plural verb + plural noun
  14. To discuss past occurrences you can use:
    preterit, imperfect, pluperfect, present perfect
  15. You use present perfect to:
    • -Discuss events that have taken place in the past and are relevant to present or to past events that may continue-begin in the present.
    • -With the expression Alguna vez to ask the question.. "have you ever..."
    • -Ya (already, yet) is mainly used only in spain with the present perfect in affirmative questions. Todavía is used in spanish speaking countries.
  16. Form the Present Perfect:
    haber in present indicative + past participle

    -he, has, ha, hemos, habéis, han