Anatomy

Card Set Information

Author:
corn
ID:
39994
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2010-10-05 19:07:03
Tags:
Bone Repair
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Description:
types of bone breakage
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  1. retain their nnormal positions
    non-displaced fracture
  2. if the bone is broken through, then it is a
    complete fracture
  3. if the break parallels the long axis, the fracture s
    linear
  4. if the break is perpendicular to the bones long axis its
    transverse
  5. the bone ends penetrate the skin
    open( compund ) fracture
  6. the bone ends do NOT penetrate the skin
    closed( simple) fracture
  7. bone ends are coaxed into positio by the physicians hands
    closed reduction
  8. the bone ends are secured together surgically with pins or wires
    open reduction
  9. bone fragments into three or more pieces. common in the elderly where there bones are more brittle
    comminuted
  10. bone is crushed. where there is extreme trauma
    compression
  11. ragged break occurs when excessie twisting forces are applied to a bonne, common sports fracture
    spirral
  12. broken bone portion is pressed inward, typiical skull fracture
    depressed
  13. epiphyses sepreates from the diaphysis, occurs when cartilage cells are dying and calcification f the matrix is ocurring
    epiphyseal
  14. bone breaks incompletel,only one side of the shaft breaks, while the ther side bends. common in children
    greenstick
  15. includes a number of disorders in which the bones are inadequately mineralized
    osteomalacia
  16. is the analogous disease in children. bowed legs and deformties of the pelvis, skull, and rib cage are common
    rickets
  17. refers to a group of diseases in which bone resorption out paces bone deposit
    osteoporosis
  18. excess bone deposit and rersorption
    pagets disease

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