526 quiz 6

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cong10
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40021
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526 quiz 6
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2010-10-18 22:08:11
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2nd part of chapter 6 med terms
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  1. ankyl/o
    stiff
  2. arthro/o
    joint
  3. -asthenia
    weakness
  4. chondr/o
    cartilage
  5. de-
    down, from, or reversing
  6. meta-
    change or next in a series
  7. what are the 3 main types of muscle tissue?
    cardiac muscle, smooth muscle and skeletal
  8. heart muscle
    cardiac muscle
  9. involuntary or visceral muscle found in the internal organs
    smooth muscle
  10. conscious or voluntary control muscles
    skeletal muscle
  11. fibrous membrane that covers, supports and separates muscles
    fascia
  12. pertaining to fascia
    fascial
  13. bands of strong fibrous tissue that attach the muscles to bone
    tendon
  14. teno-myo-plasty is the surgical repair of tendon and _____
    • MUSCLE
    • teno=tendon
    • myo=muscle
    • plasty=surgical repair
  15. myo-lysis means _____ of the muscle
    DESTRUCTION
  16. myo-cellul-itis is inflammation of cellular tissue and ____
    • MUSCLE
    • myo=muscle
    • cellul=cellular tissue
    • itis=inflammation
  17. myo-pathy means ____ of muscle
    • DISEASE (=pathy)
    • myo=muscle
  18. myo-fibr-osis is a condition in which the ____ tissue is replaced by fibrous tissue
    myo=MUSCLE
  19. a myo-cele is a condition in which _____ protrudes through its fascial covering. this is also called a fascial hernia. fascial means pertaining to fascia.
    MUSCLE
  20. musculo-fascial refers to or consists of _____ and _____
    muscle and fascia
  21. my-asthenia is ______
    • muscular weakness (-asthenia=weakness)
    • myasthenia gravis is a disease of unknown cause characterized by great muscular weakness
  22. my-algia is
    muscle pain
  23. any inflammatory condition of the joint characterized by pain, heat, swelling, redness and limitation of movement
    arthritis
  24. also called degenerative joint disease (DJD), a form of arthritis in which one or many joints undergo degenerative changes, particularly loss of articular cartilage; chronic disease involving the bones and joints; classified as connective tissue disease
    osteoarthritis
  25. second most commonly occurring connective tissue disease; it's a chronic, systemic (pertaining to the whole body) disease that often results in joint deformities, particularly of the hands and feet
    rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  26. general term for acute and chronic conditions characterized by inflammation, soreness and stiffness of muscles and pain by joints and associated structures
    rheumatism
  27. inflammation of the vertebra; thought of as arthritis of the spine
    spondylarthritis
  28. inflammation of more than one joint
    polyarthritis
  29. painful joint (two)
    arthr-algia and arthro-dynia
  30. abnormal condition in which a joint is immobile and stiff
    ankyl-osis (akyl means stiff)
  31. autoimmune disease that involves connective tissue; named for the characteristic butterfly rash that appears across the bridge of the nose in some cases
    lupus erythematosus (LE)
  32. direct visualization of the interior of joint using a special fiberoptic endoscope or arthroscope
    arthro-scopy
  33. incision of the joint
    arthro-tomy
  34. disease of a joint
    arthro-pathy
  35. painful metabolic disease that's a form of acute arthritis; characterized by inflammation of the joints, esp of those in the foot or knee; hereditary and results from hyperuricemia (excessive uric acid in blood) and from deposits of urates in and around joints
    gout
  36. cancers that arise from connective tissue, such as muscle or bone
    sarcoma
  37. composed of masses of cartilage
    chondro-sarcoma
  38. a malignant tumor containing much fibrous tissue
    fibro-sarcoma
  39. chronic or acute disease of the blood forming tissues characterized by unrestrained growth of leukocytes and their precursors
    leukemia
  40. disease characterized by the presence of many tumor masses in the bone and bone marrow; usually progressive and generally fatal
    multiple myeloma (myel=bone marrow, oma=tumor)
  41. a skeletal muscle disease of the elderly that's characterized by chronic bone inflammation; results in thickening and softening of bones and in the bowing of the long bones
    osteitis deformans (paget's disease)
  42. displacement of a bone from a joint
    dislocation
  43. breaking of bone, usually from sudden injury
    fracture
  44. bone is broken but doesn't puncture the skin
    simple fracture
  45. the bone is broken and is visible through an opening in the skin
    compound fracture
  46. injury to a joint that causes pain and disability, with the severity depending on the degree of injury to ligaments or tendons
    sprain
  47. excessive use of a part of the body to the extent that it's injured or trauma to a muscle caused by violent contraction or excessive forcible stretch
    strain
  48. inflammation of a tendon (two names)
    tendinitis or tendonitis
  49. paralysis of the lower portion of the body and both legs
    para-plegia (para=beside, plegia=paralysis)
  50. paralysis of the arms and legs
    • quadri-plegia (quadri=four, plegia=paralysis)
    • in this term, quadri refers to all four extremities
  51. congenital abnormality characterized by defective closure of the bones of the spine; it can be so extensive that it allows herniation of the spinal cord, or it might be evident only on radiological examination
    spina bifida
  52. LATERAL curvature of the spine; may be congenital but can be caused by other conditions such as hip disease
    scoliosis
  53. exaggerated curvature of the spine from front to back gives rise to ____, commonly known as humpback or hunchback; can result from congenital disorders or from certain diseases but also seen in osteoporosis affecting the spine
    kyphosis
  54. causes inflammation of cartilage between the vertebrae and can eventually cause neighboring vertebrae to fuse
    rheumatoid spondylitis
  55. when the whole spine becomes stiffened; a condition called poker spine
    ankylosed spine
  56. pulling the broken fragments of bone fractures into alignment; what orthopedic surgeons do to restore fractures to their normal positions
    reduction
  57. use of a pulling force to a part of the body to produce alignment and rest while decreasing muscle spasm and correcting or preventing deformity
    traction
  58. a fracture is restored to its normal position by manipulation without surgery
    closed reduction
  59. if a fracture must be exposed by surgery before the broken ends can be aligned
    open reduction
  60. uses pins, rods, plates, screws or other materials to immobilize the fracture
    • internal fixation
    • after healing, the fixation devices may be removed or left in place
  61. used in both open and closed reduction; this method uses metal pins attached to a compression device outside the skin surface
    external fixation
  62. excision of the bone
    ostectomy
  63. excision of cartilage
    chondrectomy
  64. surgical repair of tendon
    teno-plasty
  65. surgical repair of muscle
    myo-plasty
  66. surgical removal of the bony posterior arch of a vertebra to permit surgical access to the disk so that the herniated material can be removed; used when bed rest and other treatments don't work
    laminectomy
  67. complete excision of an intervertebral disk
    disk-ectomy
  68. sometimes performed to repair vertebral fractures; a plastic-like substance is injected into the body of a fractured vertebra to stabilize and strengthen it
    vertebro-plasty
  69. excision of a bunion (surgical repair to straighten the alignment of the toes is usually done at the same time)
    bunion-ectomy
  70. drugs that are generally used to reduce inflammation and pain, esp drugs classified as nonsteroidal inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
    antiinflammatories
  71. various forms of therapy that relieve the symptoms of arthritis
    antiarthritics
  72. may actually modify the course of inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, slowing progress of disease
    DMARDs (disease-modifying anti-rhematic drugs)
  73. extrating excessive fluid that accumulates in a synovial joint with a needle
    arthro-centesis
  74. any surgical reconstruction or replacement of a joint
    arthro-plasty

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