BIO150 LECTURE REVIEW TEST 1

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pjkaynas
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40045
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BIO150 LECTURE REVIEW TEST 1
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2010-10-05 21:16:30
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BIO150 LECTURE REVIEW TEST
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BIO150 LECTURE REVIEW TEST 1
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  1. Superficial
    toward the exterior or surface of the body (external toward the body's surface)
  2. Deep
    toward the interior of the body (internal away from body surface)
  3. Lateral
    toward the side
  4. Anatomical Position
    the body erect, facing forward with the arms at the sides and palms towards the front
  5. Parietal
    the walls of a cavity
  6. Internal
    inside the body
  7. External
    outside the body
  8. Visceral
    the covering of the organs
  9. Fowler's Position
    elevation of the head of bed, 45 degrees or more. With patient in a supine position
  10. Prone
    lying horizontal with the face downward
  11. Supine
    lying horizontal with the face upward
  12. Lateral Recumbent
    • lying on the side
    • Left Lateral Recumbent- on the left side, coma or SIMMS position, recovery position
    • Right Lateral Recumbent- on the right side
  13. Midline
    an imaginary line that divides the body into left and right portions
  14. Distal
    away from the point of attachment or origin (farther from the trunk)
  15. Superior
    • uppermost or above
    • e.g. the head is superior to the neck
  16. Posterior
    toward the back
  17. Dorsal
    backside
  18. Inferior
    • lowermost or below
    • e.g. the foot is inferior to the ankle
  19. Proximal
    nearest the point of attachment or origin (nearer the trunk)
  20. Anterior
    toward the front (bellyside)
  21. Medial
    nearest the midline of the body (toward the midline)
  22. Posterior
    back
  23. Anterior
    front
  24. Abdominal
    front of trunk
  25. Axial
    relating to head, neck, and trunk. The axis of the body
  26. Lower extremity
    from hips to feet
  27. Upper extremity
    from shoulders to hands
  28. Cephalad (caudal)
    toward the tail
  29. Cephalad (cranial)
    toward the head
  30. Acromial
    point of shoulder
  31. Appendicular
    limbs, and their attachments to the axis
  32. Antecubital
    front of elbow
  33. Pectoral
    chest area
  34. Deltoid
    triangular muscle covering the joint of the shoulder
  35. Facial
    face
  36. Tibial
    shin
  37. Trunk
    shoulders to hips
  38. Pelvic
    pelvis region
  39. Fibular (peroneal)
    side of leg
  40. Sacral
    region between hips
  41. Brachial
    arm
  42. Buccal
    cheek
  43. Axillary
    armpit
  44. Pedal
    foot
  45. Pubic
    genital region (pubis)
  46. Vertebral
    area of spinal column (spine)
  47. Sternal
    breastbone
  48. Coxal
    hip
  49. Mammary
    breast
  50. Nasal
    nose
  51. Otic
    ear
  52. Thoracic (Thorax)
    chest
  53. Inguinal
    groin below pelvis
  54. Palmar or Volar
    palm
  55. Cephalic
    head
  56. Dorsum (dorsal)
    back
  57. Patellar
    front of knee (kneecap)
  58. Oral
    mouth
  59. Orbital
    bony eye socket
  60. Sural
    Calf
  61. Olecranal
    back of elbow
  62. Occipital
    skull
  63. Lumbar
    loin
  64. Gluteal
    buttocks
  65. Calcaneal
    heel of foot
  66. Umbilical
    navel
  67. Tarsal
    ankle
  68. Pollex
    thumb
  69. Mental
    chin
  70. Manus
    hand
  71. Plantar
    sole of foot
  72. Popliteal
    back of knee
  73. Scapular
    shoulder blade
  74. Hallux
    great toe
  75. Femoral
    thigh
  76. Frontal
    forehead
  77. Crural
    leg
  78. Perineal
    region between the anus and the external genitalia
  79. Carpal
    wrist
  80. Cervical
    neck region
  81. Digital
    fingers or toes
  82. Cardiac muscle
    associated with the heart
  83. Smooth muscle
    associated with the organs for involuntary movement
  84. Muscular system
    consists of various types of muscles used for movement
  85. Urinary System
    • elimination of waste products
    • regulates water balance electrolytes, pH, blood pressure and produces hormones
    • kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra
  86. Immune System
    combat disease, return of tissue fluid towards the heart, filtration and removal of waste
  87. Digestive System
    • takes in complex nutrients and breaks them down into a form, that can be readily used by body and aids in the elimination of semi-solid waste.
    • stomach, intestines
  88. Skeletal System
    • support, protection.
    • Bone marrow provides a site for production of all blood cell types
  89. Reproductive System
    allows for reproduction of the organism, produces hormones
  90. Nervous System
    controls virtually all bodily functions and is the seat of intellect and being
  91. Endocrine System
    Regulation of body function in concert with the nervous system
  92. Integumentary System
    protection of the internal organs; regulation of heat, some immune functions
  93. Respiratory system
    • provides oxygen to the body, while removing carbon dioxide and other wastes, helps maintain pH.
    • lungs
  94. Circulatory System
    • heart, blood, blood vessels
    • Fn: Transports nutrients and other essential elements to all parts of the body
  95. Skeletal muscle
    associated with the bones for voluntary movement, posture and heat production
  96. Cephalad
    toward the head
  97. Caudad
    toward the tail
  98. Trendelenburg or Shock Position
    lying supine with lower part of the body elevated above the head
  99. Semi-fowler's Position
    elevation of the head of the bed, less than 45 degrees with the patient in a supine positon
  100. Anatomy
    study of structure

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