chapter2 renaissance.txt

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chapter2 renaissance.txt
2010-01-10 21:47:10

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  1. The renaissance and reformation:
    • * Began in Italy and spread north to rest of Europe
    • * A new interest in the culture of ancient rome.
  2. Why Italy:
    • * Italy had been the center of the roman empire
    • * It was a logical place for this reawakeing to begin.
    • * Architectural remains, statues, coins and inscriptions were all visible to the Italians.
    • * Had centers of trade and manufacturings
    • * Had wealthy and powerful merchant class.
  3. Lorenzo:
    Cosimo�s grandson, clever politician and held together Florence in the 1400�s
  4. What was the renaissance?
    • * Time of creativity and change in many areas.
    • * Produced new attitudes toward culture and learning.
  5. Humanism:
    An intellectual movement that focused on worldly subjects rather than on religious issues.
  6. Humanities:
    Subject�s tought in atient greek and roman schools. (grammar, rhetoric, poetry and history)
  7. Themes and techniques of renaissance artists:
    • * Perspective
    • * Realism
    • * 3D
    • * human anatomy
    • * making objects seem round
    • * accuracy
  8. Leonardo da vinci:
    Studied anatomy, optics, music, architecture and engineering. He made sketches for flying machines and under sea boats. (monalisa, last supper)
  9. Michaelangelo:
    Sculptor, engineer, architect and poet. (Statue of David, Sistene Chapel)
  10. Raphael:
    Painted school of Athens.
  11. Baldassare Casteglione:
    Wrote the book of Courtier (manners)
  12. Niccolo Machiavelo :
    Wrote the prince.
  13. Albrecht Durer:
    Engravings. Helped spread Italian reaissance in germany.
  14. Jan and Hubert Van Eyck:
    Oil painting and portrait talents people.
  15. Erasmus:
    dutch riest aand humanist translated the bible into a vernacular.
  16. Thomas More:
    wrote the Utopia in which he describes the ideal society.
  17. Johan guttenburg:
    Printing press.
  18. Late middle ages:
    Abuses in the church
  19. Luther:
    Protested with his 95 thesis and the church called on him to recant, Lutheranism was created and there wwas support.
  20. John Calvin:
    Presented challenges to catholic church. Ideas had a profound effect on direction of the reformation. He believed in predestination. He set up a theocracy.
  21. Englih Reformation:
    King Henry sought for divorce and was rejected and then created the Anglican church. (mixture of catholics and protestants)
  22. Elizabethan settlement:
    Compromise between protestants and catholics practices.
  23. Catholic Reformation:
    Councel of trent and ignacios of Loyola and Teresa of Avila.