Training cost after management weaknesses revealed
Costs of Off-the-Job accidents
Non productive time
Process Vs. Program
A Process does not have an end, there should always be continued improvements.
A Program has a beginning and an end and is part of a process.
Why is it important to Control Vehicle Accidents
Insurance Primiums increase
Costs of accidents go up
Federal or State DOT comes in for non compliance issues
Employee moraleNow the competition has an advantage
Commitment to resolve problems24/7/365
Top down philosophy
Poor accident record=A poor manager
Leadership motivates and makes it happen
Enforce policies and procedures
Assures a total safety process is in place
Managements Responsibility Cont.
Develops and enforces written safety policy and standards
Assures the reporting and recording accidents, injuries and results
Responsible for selecting, training and supervising all employees
Encourages and recognizes excellent performance
Standards and Policies
Clear and visible safety process must be in place
Mangement commitment is essential top to bottom
employees must be aware of the written safety policy
Supervision is responsible and accountable
Budget must reflect all aspects of management commitment toward safety
Written and understood by all
Assigns responsibility and accountability
Provides for follow-up measures
Safety DIrector has direct input with Executive Staff (Cannot do themselves)
Estavlishing an accident reporting policy
Applying information from reports to prevent future occurrence
Selecting, Training and Supervising Personnel
Ensuring vehicle and Employee Safety
Supervising safety activities
Motivating employees for success
Correcting actions for poor or undesirable performance
Motor Vehicle Safey Program
CauseLack of selection system
Lack of driver supervision
Lack of orientation training program
Supervisors lack accident prevention experience
So what is the solution?Promote a safety culture
What is the leading cause of workplace fatalities (Fleet safety Culture)
Transportation and Highway IncidentsMore work related fatalities resulted from transportation incidents than any other event.
Highway incidents alone accounted for nearly on out of every four fatal work injuries.
Women had a higher percentage of fatal injuries resulted from hwy incidents and homicides than men.
Highest number of fatalities by occupation was Driver/Sales workers and truck drivers.
70% fo the fatalities for Driver/Sales workers and truckers were due to hwy vehicle accidents.
20% of fleet drivers will be involved in a motor vehicle accident.
OSHA regulations tend to take precedence (Fleet Safety Culture)
Companies expend significant resources to train employees
Same approach is not applied to fleet driver safety
Vehicle accidents are going to happen... "They are Commonplace"
Ruduce accidnet rates and in you will reduce:
Workers Comp Claims
Must be Evident at the StartNew hires must be informed
Consider Driving Record
Number of violations
Driving Record - the basis of employment
Existing DriversAnnual driving record checks
More than just "reportable" accidents
Include moving violations
Establish criteria for disipline
Safety Philosophy-Establish job classifications that are required to drive as a condition of employment.
Rank highest to lowest according to risk factorsMiles driven
Amount of driving time
Accident frequency rates
Occasional driver programDevelop training program to satisfy needs
Safety Philosophy Cont.
Enforce the training program "top to bottom"
Maintain fleet statistics to determine problem areas:
30-40% of driving employees with less than 18 months on the job, will have motor vehicle accidents
Take a proactive approach
Require mandatory training...Written test and behind the wheel oberservations.
Safety Philosophy Cont.
Periodic reminders about driver safetyCommunicate Statistics
Seasonal driving tips
Maintain fleet accident data
Include management into the process
Training, hiring, enforcement, observations, etc.
Safety Philosophy Cont.
Keep abreast of the cost benefits of the programDetermine the return on investment (ROI)
Communicate to Management
Overcome the "Negative" Perception.Implement incentives for safe drivers
Program designed to protect drivers
An investment in their futures.
Employee participation is vital
Focus on Federal DOT
October 15, 1966
April 7, 1967
"Serve United States by ensuring fast, safe, efficient accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future"
How many Individual operating administrations are within the DOT
Our class focus is the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)
Title 49 CFR - Subtitle B - Part 300-399
Established within the DOT on Jan. 1, 2000
Result of the Motor Carrier Improvement Act of 1999
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's Mission
Prevent Commercial Motor Vehicle related fatalities and injuries by:
Strong enforcement of safety Regs
Targeting "high-risk" carriers and CMV drivers
Improving safety information systems and technologies
Strengthen CMV equipment and operating standards
Increase safety awareness
Work with other federal agencies, state and local enforcement agencies as well as laor and safety interest groups.
Performance and Registration Information Systems Management Program (PRISM)
Lack of compliance may result in out-of-service order, suspension or revocation of privileges.
Pa Department of Transportation
The Departments objective is to enhance mobility, commerce, safety and the economic vitality of the Commonwealth through transporation system improvements, within the context of sound land use and community values.
OSHA Act did what
Enacted to ensure safe and healthful work conditions
Covers enery employeer engauged in business affecting interstate commerce who has one or more employees
Created to promulgate and enforce safety and health standards
Department of Transportation Act did what
Primary purpose is to protect the public and transportation equipment; measures to protect the public also protect employees
Covers transportation by aircraft, rail, vessels, and motor vehicles.
The DOT was created to administer and enforce transportation regulations.
Federal Railroad Aministration (FRA) does what
Enforces DOT regs applicable to rail carriers, shippers by rail, and manufacturers of tank cars. Also enforces the Hazardous Materials Regs.
Administers Federal railroad safety laws
Issues orders to address hazards caused by the transportation of hazardous materials.
Federal Highway Administration (FHA) does what
Enforces DOT regs applicable to motor carriers, shippers by hwy and manufacturers of cargo tanks through the Office of Motor Carrier Field Operations. Also enforces the Hazardous Materials Regs
Administers Federal motor carrier safety laws
Association of Waste Hazardous Materials Transporters
OSHA or DOT Jurisdiction?
OSH ActSection 4(b) (1) of the OSH Act states that OSHA does not have jurisdiction over health and Safety if another Federal agency exercises its statutory authority in this area.
US courts interpret the OSH Act using the Gap Theory or Hazard by Hazard approach:If DOT has a regulation that would reduce or eliminate the workplace hazard, DOT regulations apply.
If DOT does not hace a regulation to address the hazard, OSHA regulations apply
DOT has Jurisdiction for:
Intransit operations between destination point, including readjusting and securing the load.
Proper handling of hazardous materials during loading and unloading vehicles and rail cars according to the Hazardous Materials Regulations in 49 CFR 171-180
OSHA has jurisdiction for:
Actions associated with loading and unloading the vehicle or railcar at destination points where DOT does not address a safety or health hazard
Response to hazardous waste emergencies.
Part 390 Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regs
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSR) apply to:
Commercial Motor Vehicles
Which transport property or passengers in interstate commerce
Exceptions to General Applicability
Transportation provided by Federal state and local governments
Occasional transportation of personal property by individuals for non-commercial purposes.
School bus operations
Transportation of human corpses or sick and injured people
CMVs carrying between 9 and 15 passengers not for direct compensation or not beyond a 75 air mile radius from the driver's normal work reporting location are subject to the following requirements
1. Must file Motor Carrier Identification Report
2. Must maintain an accident register
3. Must mark vehicle will the motor carrier identification number
What is a CMV
Any self-propelled to towed motor vehicle used on a highway in interstate commerce to transport passenger or property that meets at least one of the following criteria.1. Has a gross vehicle vehicle rating, gross vehicle combination weight rating, gross vehicle weight or gross combination weight of 4,536kg (10,001 lbs) or more.
2. Is designed or used to transport more than 8 passengers for compensation.
3. Is designed or used to transport more than 15 passengers without compensation.
4. Is used in transporting hazardous material
Motor Carrier Responsibility
Whenever a duty is prescribed for a driver or a prohibition is imposed on a driver, it is the duty of the motor carrier to ensure compliance with that duty or prohibition.
Each motor carrier that conducts operations in interstate commerce must file a Motor Carrier Identification Report (Form MCS-150) at the following times
Before it begins operatrions
Every 24 months
Types of accidents to be reported by a motor carrier
An occurrence involving a CMV operating on a public road that results in a:
Bodily injury to a person
disabiling damage to one or more motor vehicles
Accident registers must be maintained for one year after an accident and must contain:
Date and location of accident
Number of injuries and fatalities
Hazardous materials (other than fuel) released
Other information as required.
SHOULD Vs. SHALL
Should = Recommendation
Shall = Do it
Assistance in Investigations - A motor carrier shall
Make all records and information pertaining to an accident avaliable to an authorized representative of the FMCSA upon request
Give an authorized rep of the FMCSA all reasonable assistance in the investigation of any accident including prociding a full, true and correct answer to any question of the inquiry.
Vehicle Identification - Every CMV operated by a motor carrier in interstate commerce must be marked on both sides with:
Motor carrier's name or trade name
city and state of its principal place of business
motor carrier's indentification number preceded by "US DOT"
Relief from pats 390-399 of the FMCSRs may be granted during declared emergencies to any motor carrier who provides emergency assistance.
Aiding and Abetting Violations
No person shall aid, abet, encourage or require a motor carrier or its employees to violate the FMCSA rules.
Violation and Penalty
Any person who violates FMCSA regs may be subject to civil or criminal penalties
Safety Fitness and Ratings
Safety fitness standard for motor carriers based on degree of compliance
Motor carrier must demonstrate it has adequate safety management controls in place
Safety requirements to reduce risk associated with:
Use of unqualified dirvers
Improper use and driving of motor vehicles
Accident registers and copies of accident reports
Use of fatigued drivers
inadequate inspection, repair and maintenance of vehicles
Transportation of hazardous materials, driving and parking rules
Determining Safety Ratings
Assigned following a compliance review
Rating issued within 30 days
Several factors to be considers for safety fitness:
Some examplesAdequacy of safety management controls
Frequency and severity of regulatory violations
Frequency of accidents
Alcohol and conrolled substance testing
Hours of service violations
Vehicle inspection and maintainance
Hazardous materials violations
Roadside vehicle out-of-service rate
Satisfactory- Adequate safety controls in place for the size and type of operations of the motor carrier
Conditional-Motor carrier does not have adequate safey management controls in place to ensure compliance.
Unsatisfactory-Motor carrier does not have adequate safety management controls in place to ensure compliance as follows:
CDL Standard violations
Levels of financial responsibilty inadequate
Use of unqualified drivers
Improper use and driving of motor vehicles
Unsafe vehicles operating on the highways
Failure to maintain registers and copies of accident reports
Use of Fatigued drivers
Inadequate inspection, repair and maintenance of vehicles
Unsatisfactory rating prohibits carrier from:
Operating commercial motor vehicle to transport hazardous materials