N200 Quiz

Card Set Information

Author:
Beth1516
ID:
40097
Filename:
N200 Quiz
Updated:
2010-10-05 23:49:18
Tags:
N200
Folders:

Description:
Hygiene, Vitals, and Mobility
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Beth1516 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Why Take Vitals
    • assess alterations after intervention
    • assess things going on in the body not otherwise seen
  2. Normal Temp Range
    • 96.8-100.4
    • 36-38
  3. Body Temp Equation
    Heat Produced-Heat Lost=Body Temp
  4. BMR
    • Basal Metabolic Rate
    • heat produced by body at rest
    • affected by thyroid, testosterone, exercise amt, and stress
  5. Non-Shivering Thermogenesis
    • infants, neonates
    • cant shiver
    • brown fat metabolized to produce heat
  6. Muscle Activity increases BMR/Heat Production by ____
    50x
  7. Methods of Heat Loss
    • Radiation
    • Conduction
    • Convection
    • Evaporation
  8. Radiation
    heat transfered w/o direct contact
  9. Conduction
    • Heat transfered w/ direct contact
    • ex ice pack
  10. Convection
    • Transfered away by air movement
    • ex fan
  11. Evaporation
    • transfer of heat energy when water turns to gas
    • we loose 600-900 mL per day from skin, lungs etc
  12. Diaphoresis
    • visible sweating
    • forehead and upper thorax
  13. Behavioral Control
    • actions we do to control our temp.
    • ex add/remove clothing
  14. Circadian Rhythm Affects on Vitals
    • Temp, bp, hr cont to rise until around 4pm, then back down
    • lowest around 2-4am
    • night shift opposite, based on sleep schedule
  15. Stages of Fever
    Chill, plateau, febrile
  16. Symptoms of Plateau Fever
    • Skin = warm, dry
    • Temp rising
  17. Symptoms of Febrile Fever
    diaphoretic, warm, flush
  18. Malignant Hyperthermia
    • family history
    • w/ anesthia get high fever, seize and die
  19. Heat Exhaustion
    • need water
    • still sweating
  20. Heat Stroke
    • water all gone
    • skin warm and dry
    • giddy/confused, hallucinations
    • nausea, muscle cramps
  21. Hypothermia
    • below 95 memory loss, depression, poor judgement, uncontrolled shivering
    • hr up and bp down until below 94 hr bp and resp all fall
    • cyanotic unreponsive, cardiac disrythmia
  22. Mild Hypothermia
    34-36 C
  23. Moderate Hypothermia
    30-33 C
  24. Severe Hypothermia
    below 30 C
  25. Places to take Temp
    • Tympanic Membrane
    • Rectal
    • Oral
    • Axilla
    • Skin
  26. Pulse
    • palpable bounding of the blood flow in the peripheral artery
    • Rate left ventricle pumps blood to body
  27. Places to take Pulse
    Temporal, Brachial, Ulnar, Femoral, Popliteal, Posterior Tibial, Dorsalis Pedis, Apical
  28. Apical
    5th Intercostal Midclavicular line
  29. Femoral Pulse
    iliac Crest and pubic symphsis
  30. dysrythmia
    • any alteration in the rhythm
    • ex brady, tachycardia
  31. systolic
    peak of maximum pressure when ejection occurs
  32. Blood Pressure
    FORCE exerted on walls of artery by pulsing blood
  33. Diastolic
    remaining blood in arteries when heart relaxes
  34. Norm Bp
    120/80 or lower
  35. Prehypertension
    120-139/80-89
  36. Stage I Hypertension
    140-159/90-99
  37. Stage II Hypertension
    160/100 or higher
  38. Ventilation
    movement of air in and out of lungs
  39. Diffusion
    movement of O2 and CO2 btwn alveoli and red blood cells
  40. Perfusion
    Distribution of RBCs to and from Pulmonary capillaries
  41. Bradypnea
    8 or less
  42. Tachypnea
    22 or more
  43. Hyperventilation
    • putting out too much CO2
    • can be lack of O2 also
  44. Hypoventilation
    • CO2 build up, need O2
    • slow breathing
  45. Cheyne-Stokes respiration
    • deep breaths followed by apnea
    • dying
  46. Kussmauls respirations
    • diabetes
    • confusion, fruity alcohol breath, drunk-like
    • deep, rapid breathing
  47. Biot's Respirations
    • damage to medulla - pressure on brain
    • shallow respirations w/ apnea periods
    • no deep breaths or sighs, panting

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview