SUR 116 Week 7-Dr orders and Med abbr

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suprstar77
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40118
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SUR 116 Week 7-Dr orders and Med abbr
Updated:
2012-06-13 01:31:32
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Description:
Doctor's Orders and Medical Abbreviations
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  1. aer/o
    air
  2. bucc/o
    cheek
  3. chemo/o
    drug
  4. cutane/o
    skin
  5. derm/o
    skin
  6. lingu/o
    tongue
  7. muscul/o
    muscle
  8. or/o
    mouth
  9. pharmac/o
    drug
  10. rect/o
    rectum
  11. toxic/o
    poison
  12. vagin/o
    vagina
  13. ven/o
    vein
  14. _
    a
    before
  15. ac
    before meals
  16. bid
    twice a day
  17. BM
    bowel movement
  18. BP
    blood pressure
  19. _
    c
    with
  20. d/c, D/C
    discontinue
  21. Dx
    diagnosis
  22. et
    and
  23. fx or FX
    fracture
  24. gtt
    drop(medication)
  25. hs
    at bedtime(hour of sleep)
  26. H&P, H/P
    history and physical
  27. IM
    intramuscularly
  28. IV
    intravenously
  29. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  30. _
    p
    after
  31. pc
    after meals
  32. p.o.
    by mouth
  33. prn
    as needed
  34. pt
    patient
  35. q
    every
  36. qd
    every day
  37. qh
    every hour
  38. qhs
    every night
  39. qid
    four times a day
  40. _
    s
    without
  41. stat
    immediately
  42. tid
    three times a day
  43. TO
    telephone order
  44. U/A, UA
    urinalysis
  45. VO
    Verbal Order
  46. x
    times (Sponge X4
  47. Superior/Cephalic
    • More toward the head, or above another structure.
    • Ex. The adrenal glands are superior to the kidneys.
  48. Inferior/Caudal
    • More toward the feet or tail, or below another structure.
    • Ex. The insestine is inferior to the heart.
  49. Anterior/Ventral
    • More toward the front or belly-side of the body.
    • Ex. The navel is located on the anterior surface of the body.
  50. Posterior/Dorsal
    • More toward the back or spinal cord side of the body.
    • Ex. The posterior wall of the right kidney was excised.
  51. Medial
    • Refers to the middle or near the middle of the body or the structure.
    • Ex. The heart is medially located in the chest cavity.
  52. Lateral
    • Refers to the side.
    • Ex The ovaries are located lateral to the uterus.
  53. Proximal
    • Located nearer to the point of attachment to the body.
    • Ex. In the anatomical position, the elbow is proximal to the hand
  54. Distal
    • Located farther away from the point of attachment to the body.
    • Ex. The hand is distal to the elbow.
  55. Apex
    • Tip or summit of an organ.
    • Ex. We hear the heart beat by listening over the apex of the heart.
  56. Base
    • Bottom or lower part of an organ.
    • Ex. On the X-ray, a fracture was noted at the base of the skull.
  57. Superficial
    • More toward the surface of the body.
    • Ex. The cut was superficial.
  58. Deep
    • Further away from the surface of the body.
    • Ex. An incision into an abdominal organ is a deep incision.
  59. Supine
    • The body lying horizontally and facing upward.
    • Ex. The patient is in the supine position for abdominal surgery.
  60. Prone
    • The body lying horizontally and facing downward.
    • Ex. The patient is placed in the prone position for spinal surgery.
  61. Right hypochondriac
    Right lateral region of upper row beneath the lower ribs.
  62. Epigastric
    Middle area of upper row above the stomach.
  63. Left hypochondriac
    Left lateral region of the upper row beneath the lower ribs.
  64. Right lumbar
    Right lateral region of the middle row at the waist.
  65. Umbilical
    Central area over the navel.
  66. Left lumbar
    Left lateral region of the middle row at the waist.
  67. Right iliac
    Right lateral region of the lower row at the groin.
  68. Hypogastric
    Middle region of the lower row beneath the navel.
  69. Left iliac
    Left lateral region of the lower row at the groin.
  70. Midline organs: Uterus, bladder, prostate(gland)
  71. Right upper quadrant (RUQ)
    Contains majority of liver, gallbladder, small portion of pancreas, right kidney, small intestines, and colon.
  72. Right lower quadrant (RLQ)
    Contains small intestines and colon, right ovary and fallopian tube, appendix and right ureter.
  73. Left upper quadrant (LUQ)
    Contains small portion of liver, spleen, stomach, majority of pancreas, left kidney, small intestines, and colon.
  74. Left lower quadrant (LLQ)
    Contains small intestines and colon, left ovary and fallopian tube, and left ureter.

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