Metabolism

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Author:
jess03
ID:
40174
Filename:
Metabolism
Updated:
2010-10-06 12:49:57
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microbiology crossword
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Description:
Section 2 test
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  1. complex compunds containing carbon and hydrogen
    Organic
  2. The main pathway for te oxidation of glucose to pyruvic acid: also called glycolysis.
    Embden Meyerhoff Pathway
  3. A sterol found in the cell membrane of animals
    Cholesterol
  4. An inorganic molecule (metal ion) that combines with the active site on an enzyme so that it is complementary to the substrate
    Cofactor
  5. The Embden Meyerhoff pathwayrequires the breakdown of _____ molecules of ATP
    2 molecules
  6. Chemical reactions that release energy by breaking down complex compounds into smaller ones.
    Catabolism
  7. there are _____ amino acids that form proteins
    20 amino acids
  8. Metabolic reactions that result in the release of energy due to the oxidation of pyruvic acid to CO2 & H2O
    Respiration
  9. The total number of ATPs produced due to the complete oxidation of a molecule of glucose under aerobic conditions.
    38 ATPs
  10. The names of enzymes end in these letters
    -ASE
  11. Enzymes that are excreted by bacterial cells
    Exoenzymes
  12. Peptide bonds are formed between the carboxyl group on 1 amino acid and the _____ group on another amino acid
    Amine group
  13. Chemical reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one molecule to anoter and the production of energy
    Oxidation Reduction
  14. unsaturated triglycerides contains ________ bonds between carbons lacking at least 2 hydrogen atoms.
    Double bonds
  15. End product produced as a result of the Embden Meyerhoff (glycolysis) pathway
    Pyruvic acid
  16. Type of bonds occuring in inorganic compounds
    Ionic
  17. One of the end products produced as a result of aerobic respiration
    Carbon dioxide
  18. lipids that have a single bond between carbons and 2 hydrogens attached to each carbon
    Saturated
  19. Cyclic reactions involved in the aerobic repiration of glucose
    Kreb's Cycle
  20. The Kreb's Cycle and electron transport pathways occur under _______ conditions
    Aerobic conditions
  21. The 6 carbon monosaccharide found in the cell wall
    Glucose
  22. chemical bonds occuring in organic compounds
    Covalent
  23. One of the organic end produces produced as a result of glucose fermentation
    Acids
  24. All chemical processes (reactions) carried out by living organisms
    Metabolism
  25. Any compound with which an enzyme reacts
    Substrate
  26. Total number of ATPs produced as a result of the Embden Meyerhoff (glycolysis) pathway
    4 ATPs
  27. proteins are formed of chains of ____________ ___________
    Amino acids
  28. enzymes are composed of large globular ___________
    Proteins
  29. Type of ccarbohydrate formed of 2 monosaccharides
    Disaccharide
  30. Organic catalysts produced by the cell that control the cell's metabolic reactions
    enzymes
  31. Chemical reactions in which energy is used to synthesize large compounds from smaller compounds
    Anabolism
  32. A series of chemical reactions that lead to the production of a particular product is called a ____________
    Pathway
  33. The splitting of a compound into smaller molecules by the addition of a water molecule
    Hydrolysis
  34. Anaerobic metabolism of pyruvic acid produced as a result of the Embden Meyerhoff Pathway
    Fermentation
  35. Compounds that usually lack carbon and dissociate in water
    Inorganic
  36. Series of oxidation reduction reactions in what electrons are transfferred from coenzyme to coenzyme resulting in the production of energy
    Electron Transport
  37. An amino group contains 2 hydrogens and a __________
    Nitrogen
  38. Organic end prooducts that may be produced as a result of fermentation of glucose
    Alcohol
  39. Enzymes are easily denatured by _______
    Heat
  40. Lipids are broken down into glycerol and ________ _________
    fatty Acids
  41. enzymes that react with proteins
    protease
  42. The active site on an enzyme must be _________ to the copmbining site on the substrate
    Complementary
  43. Enzymes that are produced and react within the cell
    Endoenzymes
  44. Amino acids are held together by ____ bonds
    Peptide bonds
  45. Net gain ATP molecules produced in the Embden Meyerhoff (glycolysis) pathway
    2 ATP
  46. A lipid molecule is hydrolyed to 3 fatty acids and a molecule of _______
    Glyscerol
  47. Simple sugars consisting of 3 to 6 carbons
    Monosaccharides
  48. A 5 carbon monosaccharide found in nucleic acids
    Kibose
  49. Chemical compounds composed of a glycerol and 3 fatty acids
    Triglycerides
  50. Compounds formed of a hydrophillic phosphate group and 2 hydrophobic fatty acid chains
    Phospolipids
  51. Amino acids are composed of an amine group, an R (variable) group and a ________ group
    Carboxyl
  52. Lipids with a complex ringed structure
    Sterols
  53. The number of ATPs produced as a result of the electron transport pathway
    34 ATPs
  54. A disaccharide commonly known as table sugar
    Sucrose
  55. An organic compound (i.e: vitamin) that functions with an enzyme as a carrier molecule
    Coenzyme
  56. Fermentation occurs under _______ conditions
    Anaerobic
  57. All organic compound contain ___________
    Carbon
  58. The reaction between an ezyme and substrate is ________
    Specific
  59. Pyruvic acid looses a CO2 and reacts with _______ to enter the Kreb's cycle
    Coeza
  60. Enzymes are denatured by an _______ pH
    Acid
  61. Enzymes function as organic __________
    Catalysts

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