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GI tract is also known as what.......
Organs in GI tract.....
- sm/lg intestine
what type of drugs treat: ulcers, diarrhea, constipation, gallstones, ibs, and ulcerative colitis?
_____ulcers are found in the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum.
if you have too much hydrochloric acid, aspirin, alcohol you might have....
what was the first and only drug used to treat peptic ulcers?
_______is only used to prevent hearburn, and acid intergestion.
amphojel contains aluminum meaning......
another form of this drug contains magnesium and is ducolax. what drug is this?
what is an antacid drug that contains calcium.....
what does combination antacids contain?
aluminum, calcium, magnesium, sodium, bicarbonate, and sometimes simethicone.
what contains too much sodium and is not good for us, especially, if we have high blood pressure?
drugs that block receptors that release histamine into the body and prevent the release of acids are....
an example of a h2 blocker drug would be...
_________blocks last step of acid production in gastric parietal cell.
proton pump inhibitors
gastrogard is used on horses for gastric ulcers!?
can patients on long terms aspirin or NSAIDS develop gastric ulcers.
synthetic prostaglandin to replace natural one
NOT considered an antacid or H2 blocker goes directly to ulcer forming protective layer from gastric juices
what is H-pylori?
bacteria that lives in gastric or duodenal mucosa and is cause of most peptic ulcers
- *uses combo drugs
- ex: nexium
helidac is a combo drug for...
what does GERD stand for?
Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease
what causes GERD
stomach acid flows back up into the esophagus causing pain/burning irritation.
what is Nexium known as
little purple pill
a GI stimulant to treat GERD is
a spasm is cramps causing pain.
when spasms become too strong antichholinergic drugs can b given such as......
_____drugs slows peristalsis and absorbs extra water from diarrhea stools.
name a antidiarrheal drug..
is constipation consider to b a GI problem?
osmotic laxatives attracts water from blood to soften stool
ex: epsom salt
bulk producing laxatives
fiber to hold water into intestine keep stool soft
stool softener laxatives allow fat in stool to mix w water to soften
chloride channel laxatives
stimulate channels in intestinal mucosal wall causes fluid to flow into intestine softening stool.
irritant/stimulant laxatives act on intestinal mucosa to stimulate peristalsis
other laxatives allowing carbon dioxide gas in form of foam to soften stool
ex: mineral oil
combination laxatives contains osmotic, bulk, stool softener, irritant/stimulant, and mineral oil
bowel evacuatns/enemas given orally or by suppository,they evacuate colon.
ex: fleets enema
ulcerative colitis and crohn's disease are chronic disease w/o known cause.
- diarrhea, abdominal pain, inflammation, and ulcers.
- treated with antispasmodics and anti-inflammatory drugs
- ex: clonidine
IBS is another chronic disease of colon with many same symptoms of ulcerative colitis plus, bloating, excessive mucus secreation, and diarrhea/constipation.
- antianxiety/antidiarrheal/laxative drugs are used.
- ex: xanax
gastric stimulants clean out intestines
drugs to treat N/V are antiemetics
ex: phenergan, dramamine
most drugs do not abolish them. 50% reoccur
hemorrhoids are enlarged swollen veins in rectum and perianal. can b ichy and painful
ex: preparation h
lipase inhibitor drugs bond to lipase so cannot break down dietary fat.
appetite suppressant drugs/anorexiant drugs make one not hungry
common respiratory diseases....
- bacterial/viral infections lung
bronchodilators relax smooth muscle that surrounds bronchioles allowing to dialate and increase air flow
what drug is given to stop premature labor contractions?
corticosteroid drugs suppress inflammatory response of immune system
it does NOT serve as a bronchodilator
a combination corticosteroid drug
leukotriene receptor blocker drugs prevent and treat asthma.
meds block production of leukotriene
mast cell stabilizer drug given to prevent release of histamines cause bronchospasms during an allergic reaction or asthma attack.
legionnaire's disease caused by gram negative bacteria that grows in old water causing pneumonia.
tuberculosis drugs caused by gram-positive bacterium mycobacterium tuberculosis spread by airborne droplets from coughing.
treatment is usually 6-12 months
expectorant drugs which reduce viscosity or thickness of mucus in lungs so that patients can cough it up.
only prescribed for productive coughs
to stop smoking there is
respiratory distress syndrome alveoli in the lungs reduce surface tension keep aveoli open when we exhale.
given to premies who's lungs haven't matured yet.
- to relad skeletal muscles and paralyze pts so they dono't fight ventilator and don't tire.
- to sedate pt
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