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BEGGING THE QUESTION
(Missing the point) The truth of the conclusion is assumed by the premises.
"To the man" in Latin. An attempt to link the validity of a premise to a characteristic or belief of the person advocating the premise.
(Missing the point). The author attacks an argument different from (and weaker than) the opposition's best argument.
POST HOC ERGO PROPTER HOC
(Causal fallacy). Because one thing follows another, it is held to cause the other.
(Inductive fallacy). The sample is too small to support an inductive generalization about a population.
(Causation fallacy). Occurs when it is assumed that there is a single, simple cause of an outcome when in reality it may have been caused by a number of only jointly sufficient cases.
"It does not follow"-- in Latin. An argument in which its conclusion does not follow from its premises.
(Ambiguity fallacy). The same term is used with two different meanings.
(Inductive fallacy). The two objects or events being compared are relevantly dissimilar.
(Distraction fallacy). Two choices are given when in fact there are three options.
POISONING THE WELL
Advers information about a target is preemptively presented to an audience, with the intention of discrediting or ridiculing everything that the target person is about to say.
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