Quiz 3

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Quiz 3
2010-10-07 20:19:05
medical terminology

medical terminology for quiz #3
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  1. Arthrectomy

    excision of a joint
  2. Arthroplasty
    surgical repair of a joint
  3. Arthrotomy
    surgical incision into a joint
  4. Carpectomy
    Excision of part of the wrist
  5. Chondroplasty
    Surgical repair of cartilage
  6. Cosectomy
    Excision of a rib
  7. Ostectomy
    surgical removal of bone
  8. Osteoplasty
    Surgical repair of bone
  9. Osteorrhaohy
    suturing together the parts of a broken bone
  10. osteocomy
    surgical cutting of bone
  11. vertebrecomy
    excision (resectioning) of a vertebra
  12. myelogram
    X-ray of the spinal column using contrast medium
  13. narcotic
    drug derived from opium with potent analgesic effects; potential effects of dependency through prolonged use
  14. NSAIDs
    medication that exerts analgesic and anti-inflammatory actions
  15. reduction
    correcting a fracture by re-aligning the bone pieces
  16. traction
    using elastics or pulley or weights to maintain alignment; a a pulling or dragging force exerted on a limb in a distal direction
  17. lordosis
    swayback; abnormal anteriorly convex curvature of the lumbar part of the spine
  18. ostealgia
    pain in a bone
  19. osteitis
    inflammation of a bone
  20. osteochondritis
    inflammation of a bone and associated cartilage
  21. osteodynia
    pain in a bone
  22. osteomalacia
    softening of a bone
  23. osteomyelitis
    inflammation of bone marrow
  24. osteopenia
    abnormally low bone density
  25. osteoporosis
    atrophy and thinning of bone tissue
  26. osteosarcoma
    highly malignant tumor of the bone
  27. rheumatoid arthritis
    systemic disease occurring more often in women that affects the connective tissue; invoves many joints especially those of the hands and feet
  28. rickets
    disease due to vitamin D deficiency characterized by deficient calcification and soft bones associated with skeletal deformities.
  29. scoliosis
    lateral curvature of the spine; S-shaped curvature
  30. syndrome
    collection of signs and symptoms occurring together and characterizing medical condition
  31. orthopedics
    the medical specialty concerned with the development, preservation, restoration, and function of the musculoskeletal system.
  32. orthopedic surgeon
    a physician in the field of orthopedics (can be M.D. or D.O.)
  33. rheumatologist
    physician who treats joint and connective tissue disorders such as arthritis
  34. rheumatology
    field of specialty that deals joints and connective tissue disorders
  35. analgesics
    medication used to relieve pain
  36. anti-inflammitory
    medication used to reduce inflammation (example: used to reduce joint inflammation in arthritis)
  37. arthrocentesis
    removing fluid from a joint
  38. arthrogram
    radiograph of a joint
  39. arthrometry
    measurement of the amount of movement in a joint
  40. arthroscope
    device used in arthroscopy
  41. arthroscopy
    examination of the interior of a joint
  42. CT scan
    noninvasive imaging test; imaging atomic information from a cross-sectional plane of the body
  43. MRI
    a diagnostic radiograph in which the magnetic nuclei of a patient are aligned in a magnetic field; these signals are converted into tomographic images
  44. bursitis
    inflammation of a bursa
  45. carpal tunnel sydrome
    condition characterized by wrist pain, often occurring during sleep
  46. chondrodynia
    pain originating in the cartilage
  47. chondromalacia
    softening of cartilage
  48. chondropathy
    disease of cartilage
  49. chondrosarcoma
    malignant tumor arising from the cartilage
  50. compound fracture
    break in the bone where the bone comes through the skin; open fracture
  51. costalgia
    pain in a rib(s)
  52. costochondritis
    inflammation of rib cartilage
  53. dactylalgia
    pain in a finger (or toe)
  54. dactylodynia
    pain in a finger (or toe)
  55. dactylomegaly

    more often called megadactyly probably because "mega" has so many common uses as an english prefix
    enlargement of one or more fingers or toes
  56. fracture
    break in a bone
  57. herniated disc
    protrusion of a fragmented intervertebral disc in the intervertebral foramen with potential compression of a nerve
  58. kyphosis
    humpback; anteriorly concave curvature of the thoracic and sacral region of the spine
  59. amphiarthrosis
    joint with little movement
  60. appendicular
    having to do with something attached
  61. axial
    straight line through a physical body
  62. brachial
    having to do with an arm
  63. bursa
    sac-like connective structure found in some joints; protects moving parts from friction
  64. calcaneus
    the heel bone
  65. carpal
    a wrist bone
  66. cartilage
    dense, flexible connective tissue
  67. cervial
    adjective describing the vertebrae (C1-C7) in the neck region; also used in connection with the uterus, which is part of the female reproductive system
  68. cervix

    the adjective is cervial
    neck (also the neck of the uterus)
  69. chondrogenesis
    formation of cartilage
  70. chondroid
    resembling cartilage
  71. clavicle

    the adjective is clavicular
    the collarbone
  72. coccyx

    the adjective is coccygeal
    the tailbone; made up of the four fused vertebrae at the base of the spinal column
  73. cranial bones
    collectively, and along with other minor bones, the frontal bone, two parietal bones, two temporal bones, and the occipital bone
  74. diaphysis
    shaft of the long bone
  75. diarthosis
    synonym for synovial joint
  76. endosteum
    inner membrane layer of the bone
  77. epiphysis
    end of the long bone
  78. extension
    to straighten a joint
  79. femur
    thigh bone
  80. fibula
    the lateral leg bone
  81. flexion
    bending a joint
  82. frontal bone
    one of the six main cranial bone