AP english language
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- Analysis of a text.
- You start with small details, and as you think about them, you discover how they affect the text's larger meaning.
An informal or conversational use of language.
The distinctive quality of speech or writing created by the selection and arrangement of words and figures of speech.
- The speakers attitude toward the audience or subject.
- How the writing sounds.
- Word Choice.
- Examples: archaic, positive, negative, threatening
- The arrangement of words.
- sentences can be short and chopy or long and flowing.
Artful diction; the use of language in a nonliteral way; also called a figure of speech.
- A figure of speech or trope through which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else, thus making an implicit comparison.
- The profesor planted new ideas in their fertial young minds.
- A figure of speech that uses "like" or "as" to compare two things.
- Loud as thunder.
Assigning lifelike characteristics to inanimate object.
Exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis.
A pattern of words or sentence construction used for rhetorical effect.
The repetition of similar grammatical or syntactial patterns.
Placement of two thing side by side for emphasis.
- Parallel structure that juxtaposes contrasting ideas.
- (W)e shall support any friend, oppose any foe.
Figure of Speech
An expression that strives for literary effect rather than conveying a literal meaning.
A sentence that builds toward the ends with the main clause.
An independent clause followed by subordinate clauses or phrases that supply additional detail.
Explanatory or critical notes added to a text.
A statement of the central idea in a work, may be explicit or implicit.
A sentence, most often appearing at the beginning of a paragraph, that announces the paragraph's idea and often unites it with the work's thesis.
Vivid use of language that evokes a reader's senses (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing).
- A figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms.
- This peaceful revolution.
- A double-coloumn journal in which one writes a quotation in one column and reflection on that quotation in the other column.
- Taking notes then making notes.
A construction in which one word (usually a verb) modifies or governs - often in different, sometimes incongruent ways - two or more words in a sentence.
- A way to organize your thoughts about a specific text is to use a graphic organizer.
- Examples: time lines, flow charts, venn diagrams, spider maps.
- The use of words common to an earlier time period; antiquated language.
- Beliefs for which our forebears fought.
A sentence that includes one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.
A sentence that makes a statement.
- The repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses.
- Not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need - not as a call to battle, though embattled we are.
Urging, or strongly encouraging.
A sentence that requests or commands.
- The repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast.
- (A)sk not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country.
- Repetition of the same sound beginning several words in sequence.
- (L)et us go forth to lead the land we love.
- Brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictious, or to a work of art.
- Let both sides unite to head in all corners of the earth the command of Isaiah.
- Omission of conjunctions between coordinat phrases, clauses, or words.
- (W)e shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the sucess of liberty.
- Inverted order of words in a sentence (variation of the subject-verb-object order).
- United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little we can do.
- Using a single feature to represent the whole.
- In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure of our course.
- Figure of speech in the form of a question posed for rhetorical effect rather than for the purpose of getting an answer.
- Will you join in that historic effort?
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