chapter 6-8.txt

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chapter 6-8.txt
2010-10-07 23:07:54

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  1. A new drug in the experimental stage, it is given a name based on its
    chemical attributes
  2. Brand/trade name
    Trademark of a drug or device created by the originating manufacturing company.
  3. Classification
    puts the drug into the proper category based on its action of a drug and its usage.
  4. Indication
    lists the main conditions that this chemical is used for
  5. Chemical structure
    The shape of molecules and their location to one another
  6. Facts and Comparisons
    The most often used book by pharmacist, updated monthly.
  7. Physicians's Desk Reference
    complete description of the drug, lists only FDA-approved drugs, contains useful drug manufacturer contact information
  8. Drug Topics Red Book
    • Good source of information pertaining to drug costs
    • contains valuable information in the form of quick referencing charts, such as drugs that should not be crushed, sugar-free and alcohol-free drugs, and drugs excreted in breast milk
    • Includes convenient tables showing pharmacy calculations and dosing instructions converted into Spanish
  9. Orange Book
    • Lists all approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations
    • Other information: discontinued drug products, orphan products, approvals list
  10. American Hospital Formulary Service Drug Information
    Used mainly in hospitals, the AHFS DI gives a comprehensive listing of approved formulary drugs, their uses, adverse reactions, and other pertinent information
  11. United States Pharmacopoeia Drug Information
    • Volume I gives drug information including labeled and unlabeled uses of the drug
    • Volume II helps the pharmacist in advising patients about their medications
    • Volume III covers both state and federal requirements, such as how the drug must be stored.
  12. Ident-A-Drug
    • Lists both tablets and capsule identifications
    • The drugs are not listed by pictures but by identifiable codes, shapes, and whether the tablet is scored
  13. Injectable Drug Handbook
    • Mostly used in the hospital setting
    • Provides referencing of the compatibility of various agents given parenterally
  14. AWP, Average wholesale price
    Price wholesalers charge pharmacy
  15. NDC, National drug code
    Identifies each drug by number
  16. OBC, Orange Book code
    Gives therapeutic equivalence
  17. DP, Direct price
    Price for purchasing from manufacturer
  18. NCPDP, National Council for Prescription Drug Programs
    Standard billing units, such as ml, mg
  19. HRI, Health-related item
    Nonmedication item for treatment
  20. SRP, Suggested retail price
    Suggested price to charge patients
  21. A major pharmacy technician association run only by technicians for technicians is
    National Pharmacy Technician Association
  22. Policies and procedures (P&P)
    protocol of the pharmacy, pertain to the use of medications, inventory, order of operations, work schedules, specific tasks, job duties, employee benefits, job orientation, training, and evaluation
  23. Pharmacy protocol
    usually outlines what is acceptable and unacceptable with regard to uniform, shoes, jewelry, and other miscellaneous items
  24. Registration
    ensures that each technician has a clean background to work in the pharmacy environment
  25. A fingerprint background check
    provides a measurement of confidence in the pharmacy technician candidate;
  26. A profession
    is a job, occupation, or line of work that becomes a career
  27. Professionalism
    is conforming to the right principles of conduct (work ethics) as accepted by others in the profession
  28. Communication
    is the ability to express oneself in a way that one is readily and clearly understood
  29. Good communication skills
    include diplomacy, compassion, sensitivity, responsibility, tact, and patience
  30. Ethics
    are the values and morals that are used within a profession
  31. Morals
    Ethics, honorable beliefs
  32. confidentiality
    is to keep privileged information about a customer from being disclosed without his or her consent
  33. The five stages that terminally ill patients experience are
    Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Acceptance
  34. Auxiliary label:
    an adhesive label that is attached to a container with specific instructions or information pertaining to the medication inside.
  35. Hard copy:
    the original prescription.
  36. Rx:
    Latin abbreviation for "recipe", commonly used to mean "prescription", legend drug; prescription drug.
  37. Script:
    a prescription
  38. Sig:
    "Signa", Medication directions written in pharmacy terms on a prescription.
  39. Five basic steps for filling a prescription:
    • Taking in the prescription
    • Translating the prescription
    • Entering information in database
    • Filling the script
    • Patient counseling
  40. Auxiliary label for Contraceptives
    Take as directed
  41. Auxiliary label for Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
    May casue dizziness/drowsiness, Take with food
  42. Auxiliary label for Narcotics
    Do not drink alcohol and/or Drinking may increase the effects of the drug
  43. Auxiliary label for Macrolides
    Take on an empty stomach, Take with plenty of water
  44. Auxiliary label for Antibiotics
    Take until gone
  45. Auxiliary label for Sulfa
    May cause sensitivity to light, Take on an empty stomach, Take with plenty of water
  46. Auxiliary label for Warfarin
    Do not take aspirin
  47. The Rights of a Patient
    Right dose, Right medication, Right route, Right time, Right patient
  48. All prescription must be kept in file for
    3 years