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- love of wisdom
- search for self-understanding
- means for understanding basic concepts
- determining justified beliefs
Skills of Philosophy?
What is analyzing?
generally looking below the surface
What is assessing?
Is the thing in question complete, coherent, and correct?
What is arguing?
the ability to present your beliefs in a logical manner
Major Areas of Philosophy
- philosophy of religion
- political philosophy
study of principles for determining correct from incorrect reasoning
concerns knowledge and theories of knowledge
concerns the nature of reality
P. of Religion (basic)
concerns the relationship between faith and reason
concerns the objectivity of ethics
Political Philosophy (basic)
concerns the legitimacy of government
Major Socratic Teachings
- the unexamined life is not worth living
- life's most important task is caring for the soul
- a good person cannot be harmed by others
study of methods for evalutating arguments and reasoning
an argument in which it is claimed that the conclusion necessarily follows from the premises