Antibiotics II

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Author:
Kristin
ID:
40762
Filename:
Antibiotics II
Updated:
2010-10-14 16:40:22
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Drug Cards
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Drug Cards
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  1. are macrolides broad or narrow spectrum?
    broad spectrum
  2. what are macrolides used for?
    upper and lower respiratory infections, skin infections, certain types of STDs
  3. what is the brand name for azithromycin? what drug class is it? refrigerate oral suspension?
    Zithromax; macrolide drug; do not refrigerate suspension
  4. what is the brand name for clarithromycin? what drug class is it? refrigerate oral suspension? with or without food?
    Biaxin; macrolide drug; do not refrigerate oral suspension; take with food
  5. what are the side effects associated with macrolides?
    stomach upset, diarrhea in almost 5%
  6. what is some patient education to be given to a patient on macrolides?
    take with food to avoid GI upset, antacids can slow the absorption rate
  7. how long does azithromycin stay in the body? should a patient take it with or without food?
    stays in the body for 10-14 days; take on empty stomach if possible
  8. what are tetracycline derivatives used to treat?
    upper respiratory infections, acne, pneumonia, skin infections
  9. are tetracycline derivatives broad or narrow spectrum? how are they usually taken?
    broad spectrum; usually taken 2-4 times daily
  10. what is some patient education to be given to a patient on tetracyclines?
    avoid overexposure to sunlight; take on empty stomach; no dairy products, antacids, calcium, or multivitamins; do not take when pregnant, can cause yellowing of teeth
  11. what is the age recommended for children on tetracylines?
    should not be taken by children under 8 years old
  12. what is the brand name for doxycycline? what is the drug class?
    vibramycin; tetracycline drug
  13. what is the choice treatment for rocky mountain spotted fever and lyme disease?
    doxycycline
  14. what is the generic name for Metrogel/Flagyl? what are some of the indications for this medication?
    metronidazole; indicated in treatment of anaerobic bacterial and protozoal infections
  15. what is is some patient consultation information for metronidazole?
    AVOID ALCOHOL!, may cause GI upset, take with food to avoid GI upset, can cause diarrhea, and metallic taste in the mouth
  16. what kind of reaction occurs with metronidazole and alcohol?
    a disulfiram-like reaction; can cause violent vomiting
  17. what is the generic name for septra/bactrim? what drug class is it considered?
    sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim; considered a sulfa drug
  18. what is Bactrim/Septra indicated for?
    treatment of urinary tract infection, chronic bronchitis exacerbations, traveler's diarrhea, acne, bronchitis, otitis media
  19. what is the dosage recommendation for Bactrim/Septra based on? what should you tell a patient who is on this medication?
    the trimethoprim content; should take with a full 8 ounces of water
  20. what is the generic name for Diflucan? what kind of antibiotic is it?
    fluconazole; antifungal drug
  21. what is the half-life elimination for fluconazole? what is the usual dosing for this medication?
    30 hour half life elimination; can be dosed once, sometimes with a repeat dose
  22. what is fluconazole used to treat?
    yeast infections, thrush, meningitis
  23. what type of medication is nystatin? what is this medication often used in and how is it used? what should a patient know about nystatin suspension?
    antifungal; often used in magic mouthwash and is to be used by swishing and spitting or swishing and swallowing; suspension should be shaken well before use
  24. what type of medication is tamiflu? what is the generic for it?
    antiviral medication; generic is oseltamivir
  25. what is tamiflu indicated in?
    for children greater than 1 for treatment of influenza who are symptomatic no greater than 2 days, also used for prophylaxis of influenza, treatment of H1N1
  26. what is the generic for valtrex? what kind of medication is it?
    valacyclovir; antiviral medication
  27. what is valtrex indicated for?
    genital herpes, shingles, cold sores
  28. what is the generic for bactroban? what type of medication is it? what types of formula does it come in?
    mupirocin; it is a topical antibiotic; it comes in a topical ointment and a nasal ointment
  29. what should you consult a patient on who is on bactroban?
    cover area with small film; DO NOT RUB IN; may cause stinging and pain at site; report any swelling to physician
  30. what is/are the brand name(s) for tetracycline?
    panmycin and sumycin
  31. what is the generic for cleocin?
    clindamycin
  32. what is the generic for minocin?
    minocycline

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