Card Set Information
Relation to the groin, refers to the entire lower area fo the abdomen
Refers the the abdominal and pelvic cavities as a single unit
The space formed by the hip bones and it contains primarily the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems
Contains promarily the major organs of digestion. This cavity is frequently referred to as the abdomen
Thoracic Cavity (thoh_RAS-ick)
AKA: The chest cavity or thorax, surrounds and protects the heart and lungs.
THe processes through which the body maintains a constant internal environment
Located alont the front of the body, contains that body organs that maintain homeostasis.
Located within the spinal column, surrounds and protects the spinal cord
Located withing the skull and surrounds and protects the brain
Located along the back of the body and head, contains organs of the nervous system that coordinate body functions and is divided into tow portions: Cranial Cavity and Spinal Cavity
The dorasl and the ventral cavities, are spaces within the body that contain and protect internal organs
Relating to or having two sides
The direction toward or nearer the side and away from the midline.
The direction toward or nearer the midline
Distal is opposite of.....
Situated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body sturcture.
Proximal is the opposite of.....
Situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body sturcture.
Cephalic is opposite of.....
Caudel is opposite of.....
Tail or lower part of the body
Toward the lower part of the body
Toward the head
Lowermost, below or toward the feet
Superior is opposite to.....
Uppermost, above, or toward the head.
Dorsal is opposite of.....
Ventral is opposite of.....
Posterior is opposite of....
Back or toward
Situated in the back
Front or before
Situated in the front. Also means front or forward part of an organ
Back of the body..... Dorsal is opposite of ventral
The back of the organ or body
Belly side of the body
Refers to the front, or belly side, of the organ or body.
A horizontal plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions.
Flat crosswise plane, such as the horizon
A vertical plane that divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) protions. Aka the coronal plane.
A vertical plane that divides the body into unequal left and right portions.
: The middle line
The sagittal plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves.
An up and down plane that is a right angle to the horizon
Embryonic stem cells
Undifferentiated cells that are unlike and specific adult cell however they have the important ability to form any adult cell
Describes the body assuming that the individual is standing in the standard position that includes
: Standing up straight so that the body is erect and facing forward.
Holding the arms at the sides with the hands turned with the palms turned toward the front.
The study of the functions of the structures of the body
The basic structural and functional units of the body
Having specalized function or sturcture
not having a specialized function or sturcture
Adult Stem Cells
Undifferentiated cells found among differentiated cells in a tissue or organ
Unspecialized cells that are able to renew thamselves for long periods of time by cell division
Surrounded by he nuclear membrane, a structure within the cell that has two important functions: controls the activities of the cell and helps the cell divide
Fromative material of cells
The material within the cell membrane that is notpart of the nucleus
The tissue that surrounds and protects the contents of the cell by separaing them form its external enviroment
The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology and chemistry of the cell
Inflammnation of the peritoneum
A specialist in the field of Genes
The study of how genes are transferred from parents to their chilrenand the role of genes in health and disease
Fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity
The study of the sturctures of the body