PHY Exam 3
Card Set Information
PHY Exam 3
the study of progressive changes in behavior and abilities from conception to death
The transmission of physical and psychology characteristics from parents to offspring through genes.
Deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecular structure that contains coded genetic information
Thread-like "colored-bodies" in the nucleus of each cell that are made up of DNA
Specific areas on a strand of DNA that carry hereditary information
Personal traits or physical properties that are influenced by many genes working in combination
the physical growth and development of the body and nervous system
a condition that exists when maturation has advanced enough to allow the rapid acquistion of a particular skill
the sum of all external conditions affecting development, including especially the effects of learning.
Radiation, a drug other substance capable of altering fetal development in nonheritable ways that cause birth defects
During development, a period of increased sensitivity to environmental influences. Also, a time during which certain events must take place for normal development to occur.
in development, the loss or withholding of normal stimulation, nutrition, comfort, love and so forth; a condition of lacking
in development, deliberately making an environment more stimulating, nutritional, comforting, loving and so forth
the physical core of personality, including emotional and perceptual sensitivity, energy levels, typical mood and so forth
press an object in a neonate's palm and she will grasp it with surprising strenght. The grasping reflex aids survival by helping infants avoid falling.
If a baby's position is changed abruptly or if she is startled by a loud noise, she will make a hugging motion.
The development of self-awareness, attachement to parents or caregivers, and relationships with other children and adults.
An especially close emotional bond that infants form with their parents, caregivers or others.
Distress display by infants when they are separated from their parents or principal caregivers.
A stable and positive emotional bond
Insecure Avoidant Attachement
an anxious emotional bond marked by a tendacy to avoid reunion with a parent of caregiver
Insecure Ambivalent Attachment
An anxious emotional bond marked by a tendecy to avoid reunion with a parent of caregiver.
Parents who enforce rigid rules and demand strict obedience to authority
Overly Permissive Parents
parents who give little guidance, allow too much freedom, or do not require the child to take responsibility
parents who supply firm and consistent guidance combined
the aggregate of all psychological effects mothers have on their children
The aggregate of all psychological effects fathers have on their children.
in piaget's theory, the application of exisiting mental patterns to new sitatuions (that is, the new situtations is assimilated to existing mental schemes)
in piaget's theory, the modification of exisiting mental patterns to fit new demands (that is, mental schemes are change to accommodate new information or experiences)
Concept, gained in infancy that objects continue to exist even when they are hidden from view.
in piaget's theory, mastery of the concept that the weight, mass and volume of matter remains unchanged (is conserved) even when the shape or appearance of objects change.
the culturally defined period between childhood and adulthood
the biologically defined period during which a person matures sexually and becomes capable of reproduction
the development of values, beliefs and thinking abilities that act as a guide regarding what is acceptable behavior
pre-conventional moral reasoning
moral thinking based on the consequences one's choices or actions (punishment, reward, or an exchange of favors)
conventional moral reasoing
moral thinking based on desire to please others or follow accepted rules and values
post-conventional moral reasoning
moral thinking based on carefully examined and self-chosen moral principles
a conflict between personal impulses and the social world
discrimintation or prejudice based on a person's age
the physical punishment or coercion to enforce child discipline
withdrawal of love
withholding affection to enforce child discipline
combining praise, recognition, approval, rules and reasoning to enforce child discipline
regarding oneself as a worthwhile person; a positive evaluation of ones-self
with respect to child discipline, the maintenance of stable rules of conduct