Nutrition Chapter #1
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Nutrition Chapter #1
Nutrition Chapter 1
a way of life that integrates body, mind, and spirit
chemical substances found in food that are necessary for good health
nutrients found only in food
the nutrient class providing the major source of energy in the average diet
the only one of the six essential nutrient classes containing nitrogen
highest calorie-value nutrient class
organic substances necessary for life although they do not, independently, provide energy
one of many inorganic substances essential to life
major constituent of all living cells; composed of hydrogen and oxygen
the body process whereby the blood is moved throughout the body
breakdown of food in the body in preparation for absorption
evacuation of wastes
foods or beverages containing substantial amounts of essential nutrients
foods or beverages that provide substantial amounts of essential nutrients
the result of those processes whereby the body takes in and uses food for growth, development, and the maintenance of health
one's physical condition as determined by diet
nutrient value of foods compared with number of calories
pressure of one's friends and colleagues of the same age
results of something done repeatedly over many years
a form of arteriosclerosis affecting the intima (inner lining) of the artery walls
excessive body fat, 20% above average
diseases caused by the lack of one or more specific nutrients
intake of iron is adequate, but the body has no extra iron stored
deficiency disease caused by the lack of vitamin D; causes malformed bones and pain in infants and children
a condition in which bones become soft, usually in adults because of calcium loss and vitamin D deficiency
condition in which bones become brittle because there have been insufficient mineral deposits, especially calcium
enlarged tissue of the thyroid gland due to a deficiency of iodine
evaluation of one's nutritional condition
professional trained to assess nutrition status and recommend appropriate diet therapy
of height, weight, head, chest, skinfold
laboratory analysis of blood, urine, and feces
evaluation of food habits, including client's ability to buy and prepare food
mechanical device used to measure percentage of body fat by skinfold measurement
listing the types, amounts, and preparation of all foodes eaten in past 24 hours
written record of all food and drink ingested in a specified period
the _____ that individuals follow will determine, to a large extent, their health, growth, and development
taking care of one's health is all about ______
can often be less costly than treatment and offer a better quality of life for an individual as well as the community
The ______ one is when positive changes are made, the healthier one is throughout the life span.
The 6 classes of nutrients:
The body can make small amounts of some nutrients, but most must be _________ ___ ___ in order to meet the body's needs.
obtained from food
How many essential nutrients are there?
The six nutrient classes are chemically divided into two categories:
________ nutrients contain hydrogen, oxygen and carbon.
an element found in all living things..
Before the body can use organic nutrients, it must...
break them down into their smallest components
__________ nutrients are already in their simplest forms when the body ingests them, except for water.
Each nutrient participates in at least one of the following functions:
Providing the body with energy
Building and repairing body tissue
Regulating body processes
___________, ___________, and _________ furnish energy
Carbohydrates (CHO), proteins, and fats (lipids)
________ are used to build and repair body tissues witht he help of vitamins and minerals.
_______, ________, and _____ help regulate the various body processes such as circulation, respiration, digestion, and elimination.
Vitamins, minerals, and water
the physiological need for food
A psychological desire for food based on pleasant memories
What can affect the body's ability to resist disease, the length of one's life, and the state of one's physical and mental well-being?
______ nutrition enhances appearance and is commonly exemplified by shiny hair, clear skijnh