CLET Exam

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  1. The membrane on the surface of the lung is called ______?
    A. Parietal pleura
    B. Visceral pericardium
    C. Visceral pleura
    D. Parietal pericardium
    C. Visceral pleura
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which organ system is responsible for the production of blood cells?
    A. circulatory system
    B. lymphatic system
    C. skeletal system
    D. muscular system
    C. skeletal system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The hepatic veins drain into the _________
    A. portal vein
    B. inferior vena cava
    C. superior vena cava
    D. superior mesenteric vein
    B. inferior vena cava
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which structure is located between the SP & TP of a typical vertebrae?
    A. body
    B. articular process
    C. pedicle
    D. lamina
    D. lamina
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which muscle originates on the TP, inserts on a SP above, & spans 2-4 segments
    A. interspinalis
    B. semispinalis
    C. rotatores
    D. multifidus
    D. multifidus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Pelvic splanchnic nerves are composed of which type of fibers?
    A. parasympathetic postganglionic
    B. parasympathetic preganglionic
    C. sympathetic postganglionic
    D. sympathetic preganglionic
    B. parasympathetic preganglionic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which cell produces myelin within the spinal cord & brain?
    A. microglia
    B. schwann
    C. oligodendrocytes
    D. astrocytes
    C. oligodendrocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which neurotransmitter fxns to relieve pain sensation?
    A. dopamine
    B. acetylcholine
    C. beta-endorphin
    D. epinephrine
    C. beta-endorphin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. What will occur if the right lateral spinothalamic tract is severed?
    A. Muscles on the right side of the body will be paralyzed
    B. Pain impulses from the right side of the body will be blocked
    C. Muscles on the left side of the body will be paralyzed
    D. Pain impulses from the left side of the body will be blocked
    D. Pain impulses from the left side of the body will be blocked
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which nerves supplies the skin over the EOP?
    A. lesser occipital
    B. greater auricular
    C. greater occipital
    D. suboccipital
    C. greater occipital
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which branch of a spinal nerve innervates dura mater?
    A. rami communicantes
    B. recurrent meningeal
    C. ventral primary ramus
    D. dorsal primary ramus
    B. recurrent meningeal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which nerve supplies the tibalis anterior?
    A. sciatic
    B. anterior femoral
    C. tibial
    D. deep peroneal
    D. deep peroneal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Ape hand is associated with a lesion to the _______ nerve.
    A. ulnar
    B. radial
    C. axillary
    D. median
    D. median
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The most consistent initial finding in an area of tissue inflammation is?
    A. vasodilation
    B. vasoconstriction
    C. RBC lysis
    D. fibrin deposition
    A. vasodilation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Nerve regeneration may take place only if:
    A. nerve fibers are unmyelinated
    B. nerve fibers are part of the CNS
    C. dendrites are in tact
    D. nerve cell body & nucleus are undamaged
    D. nerve cell body & nucleus are undamaged
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. What may cause a fat embolism to occur?
    A. gas bubble in blood stream
    B. long bone fracture
    C. surgical pneumothorax
    D. deep vein thrombophlebitis
    B. long bone fracture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The adductor longus muscle is innervated by which nerve?
    A. sciatic
    B. femoral
    C. inferior gluteal
    D. obturator
    D. obturator
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Plantarflexion of the ankle jt would be prevented by injury to which nerve?
    A. deep peroneal
    B. tibial
    C. femoral
    D. suberficial peroneal
    B. tibial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The apex of the heart is located at which intercostal space on the anterior chest wall?
    A. 5th
    B. 4th
    C. 2nd
    D. 3rd
    A. 5th
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The coracoid process is a feature of which bone?
    A. radius
    B. scapula
    C. humerus
    D. clavicle
    B. scapula
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The epiphyseal disc of a developing long bone is formed from which structure?
    A. fibrocartilage
    B. compact bone
    C. hyaline cartilage
    D. spongy bone
    C. hyaline cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The anterior belly of the digastric muscle is derived from which structure?
    A. myotome of second cervical vertebrate
    B. first pharyngeal arch
    C. third pharyngeal arch
    D. second pharyngeal arch
    B. first pharyngeal arch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which nerve innervates the lattisimus dorsi muscle?
    A. thoracodorsal
    B. suprascapular
    C. dorsal scapular
    D. subscapular
    A. thoracodorsal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which nerve loops around the arch of the aorta?
    A. right vagus
    B. left recurrent laryngeal
    C. right recurrent laryngeal
    D. left superior laryngeal
    B. left recurrent laryngeal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Cardiac tamponade is defined as?
    A. fluid in pericardial space
    B. aortic stenosis
    C. increased fluid in veins
    D. excess fluid in capillaries
    A. fluid in pericardial space
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Malignant mesothelioma may result to long term exposure to ____
    A. asbestos
    B. berrylium
    C. coal
    D. silica
    A. asbestos
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which ligament forms a canal for the tendon of the long head of the biceps tendon?
    A. suprascapular
    B. coracohumeral
    C. acromioclavicular
    D. transverse humeral
    D. transverse humeral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The conus medularis of the SC ends at approximately what vertebral leve?
    A. S2
    B. C1
    C. L2
    D. L5
    C. L2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. A muscle spindle has which type of receptor?
    A. nociceptor
    B. chemoreceptor
    C. mechanoreceptor
    D. thermoreceptor
    C. mechanoreceptor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. What is the correct sequence of development of the secondary curvatures of the vertebral column after birth?
    A. lumbar then cervical
    B. cervical then lumbar
    C. cervical then thoracic
    D. thoracic then lumbar
    B. cervical then lumbar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which nerve innervates both the skin & deep back muscles in the upper back & neck areas?
    A. intermediate branch of the ventral primary rami
    B. dorsal branch of the ventral primary rami
    C. medial branch of the dorsal primary rami
    D. lateral branch of the dorsal primary rami
    C. medial branch of the dorsal primary rami
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which muscle attaches to the mastoid process of the skull?
    A. longissimus capitis
    B. semispinalis capitis
    C. rectus capitis posterior major
    D. trapezius
    A. longissimus capitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which nerve provides general visceral afferent innervation to the posterior third of the tongue?
    A. glossopharyngeal
    B. facial
    C. hypoglossal
    D. trigeminal
    A. glossopharyngeal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The olfactory nerve passes thru which bone?
    A. maxillary
    B. sphenoid
    C. frontal
    D. ethmoid
    D. ethmoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which lobe of the brain contains the somatosensory cortex?
    A. parietal
    B. occipital
    C. temporal
    D. frontal
    A. parietal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which type of cell lines the ventricles of the brain?
    A. ependymal
    B. oligodendrocytes
    C. astrocytes
    D. Schwann
    A. ependymal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which ligament lines the anterior portion of the spinal canal?
    A. ALL
    B. alar
    C. PLL
    D. interspinous
    C. PLL
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. An axon carries what type of info?
    A. AP away from the cell body
    B. only sensory impulses
    C. AP towards the cell body
    D. only motor impulses
    A. AP away from the cell body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The spring ligament connects the calcaneous to which bone?
    A. tibia
    B. talus
    C. navicular
    D. cuboid
    C. navicular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Where is the primary ossification center of a long bone located?
    A. diaphysis
    B. epiphyseal plate
    C. epiphysis
    D. metaphysis
    A. diaphysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which vertebrae does not have a bifid SP?
    A. C5
    B. C6
    C. C7
    D. C2
    C. C7
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The medial pterygoid is supplied by the ______ nerve?
    A. facial
    B. trigeminal
    C. hypoglossal
    D. glossopharyngeal
    B. trigeminal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The right common carotid artery is a branch off the _______?
    A. brachiocephalic trunk
    B. subclavian
    C. vertebral
    D. aorta
    A. brachiocephalic trunk
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Increased secretion from the anterior pituitary following closure of the epiphyseal plates could produce?
    A. Paget's disease
    B. acromegaly
    C. cretinism
    D. gigantism
    B. acromegaly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Which is the MC degenerative disease of the joints?
    A. migratory polyarthritis
    B. OA
    C. gouty arthritis
    D. RA
    B. OA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which of the following substances is produced in the cells & increases inflammation d/t tissue damage?
    A. leukotriene
    B. thrombus
    C. histamine
    D. prostaglandins
    C. histamine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Cretinism is caused by congenital _________
    A. hyperthyroidism
    B. hypothyroidism
    C. hyperparathyroidism
    D. goiter
    B. hypothyroidism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. ____________ is characterized by congenital absence of parasympathetic ganglion cells in the colon.
    A. Celiac disease
    B. Hirschsprung's disease
    C. Merkel's diverticulum
    D. Horner's syndrome
    B. Hirschsprung's disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Degeneration of the lateral horn may result in disruption of ________?
    A. temperature sensation
    B. voluntary motor fxn
    C. vibration sense
    D. autonomic fxn
    D. autonomic fxn
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Pitting edema is commonly related to _______?
    A. congestive heart failure
    B. cirrhosis of the liver
    C. myxedema
    D. hyperthyroidism
    A. congestive heart failure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. An acute inflammation & thrombosis of arteries & veins affecting the hands & feet that is associated w/ heavy smoking.
    A. Raynaud's disease
    B. Beurger's disease
    C. TOS
    D. thrombophlebitis
    B. Beurger's disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. A small cystic projection from a joint capsule or tendon sheath usually on the wrist is called a(n)?
    A. epidermoid
    B. nodule
    C. ganglion
    D. synovial sarcoma
    C. ganglion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Necrosis of cardiac muscle due to damage by ischemia is classified as ________ necrosis
    A. coagulation
    B. central
    C. caseous
    D. liquification
    A. coagulation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Winging of the scapula is MC associated w/ weakeness of the _______________
    A. superspinatous
    B. rhomboid
    C. teres minor
    D. serratus anterior
    D. serratus anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve is associated w/ ?
    A. foot drop
    B. iliotibial band contracture
    C. meraigia parashtetica
    D. sciatica
    C. meraigia parashtetica
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. At what level does decussation of the lateral corticospinal tract occur?
    A. cerebellum
    B. medulla oblongata
    C. spinal cord
    D. midbrain
    B. medulla oblongata
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. The annulus fibrosis is composed of :
    A. fibrocartilage
    B. elastic cartilage
    C. hyaline cartilage
    D. articular cartilage
    A. fibrocartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Cranial nerves w/ parasympathetic fxn are?
    A. 3, 7, 9, 10
    B. 3, 5, 9, 10
    C. 3, 5, 7, 10
    D. 2, 3, 5, 12
    A. 3, 7, 9, 10
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Spinal nerve C6 exits the intervertebral foramen b/w which 2 vertebral segments?
    A. C6, C7
    B. C4, C5
    C. C7, C8
    D. C5, C6
    D. C5, C6
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. The articular facet for the second costal cartilage is located at the:
    A. jxn of xyphoid & sternal body
    B. superior border of the manubrium
    C. middle of sternal body
    D. jxn of the manubrium & sternal body
    D. jxn of the manubrium & sternal body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. The cephalad continuation of the supraspinous ligament is:
    A. PLL
    B. ligamentum flavum
    C. tectorial membrane
    D. ligamentum nuchae
    D. ligamentum nuchae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. The horizontal fissure separates which lobes of the lung?
    A. L superior & L inferior
    B. R middle & R inferior
    C. L superior & L middle
    D. R superior & R middle
    D. R superior & R middle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Which suture is located b/w frontal & parietal bones?
    A. coronal
    B. squamous
    C. sagittal
    D. lambdoidal
    A. coronal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. A pt w/ lower motor neuron lesion would present w/ __________
    A. pathological reflexes
    B. disdiadochokinesia
    C. flaccid paralysis
    D. hyperactive DTR
    C. flaccid paralysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. Which synaptic event produces the longest lasting change of the effectiveness of synaptic transmission?
    A. release of nitric oxide by the post synaptic neuron
    B. binding of neurotransmitters to receptors that are also ion channels
    C. alteration of gene expression in the post synaptic cell by neuromodulators
    D. stimulation of the production of second messenger molecules by neurotransmitters
    A. release of nitric oxide by the post synaptic neuron
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Tic delaroux is the result of a lesion in which cranial nerve?
    A. glossopharyngeal
    B. trigeminal
    C. accessory
    D. facial
    B. trigeminal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Inability to accurately judge weight differences is termed _______
    A. asterognosis
    B. atopognosis
    C. abarognosis
    D. agraphesthesia
    C. abarognosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. Which pathology would result in ptosis & lateral strabismus of the right eye?
    A. Myasthenia gravis
    B. Oculomotor palsy
    C. MS
    D. Horner's syndrome
    B. Oculomotor palsy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. The spinothalamic tract sends neurons through the thalamus to which of the following gyrus?
    A. cingulate
    B. precentral
    C. postcentral
    D. angular
    C. postcentral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Which is a solid mass of approximately 16 cells associated within the zona pellucida?
    A. blastocyst
    B. trophoblast
    C. zygote
    D. morula
    D. morula
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. Which structure passes through the foramen ovale?
    A. mandibular n
    B. opthalmic n
    C. middle meningeal artery
    D. facial n
    A. mandibular n
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. Which of the following cranial nerves innervates the superior oblique?
    A. trochlear
    B. oculomotor
    C. optic
    D. abducens
    A. trochlear
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Which bony structure forms the medial border of the transverse foramen of a cervical vertebrae?
    A. ALL
    B. SCM
    C. costotransverse bar
    D. pedicle
    D. pedicle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. Which structure is most likely to sustain damage during hyperflexion of the c-spine?
    A. SCM
    B. ALL
    C. scalenus anticus
    D. trapezius
    D. trapezius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. Which motion segment has an uncovertebral jt?
    A. C5, C6
    B. L5, S1
    C. C1, C2
    D. T9, T10
    A. C5, C6
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. Which tract carries discriminatory sensation such as proprioception & vibration?
    A. fasciculus gracilis
    B. medial lemniscus
    C. spinocerebellar
    D. lateral spinothalamic
    A. fasciculus gracilis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Diffuse suppurative inflammation is called _______
    A. fibrinous
    B. serous
    C. cellulites
    D. abscess
    C. cellulites
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. A muscle will not change length during a(n) ________ contraction
    A. concentric
    B. isometric
    C. ecentric
    D. isotonic
    B. isometric
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. During the isovolumetric phase of contraction the A-V valves are ______ & the aortic & pulmonic valves are ______
    A. open closed
    B. closed, open
    C. closed, closed
    D. open, open
    C. closed, closed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Which structure is located b/w the frontal & parietal bones?
    A. coronal
    B. squamous
    C. sagital
    D. lambdoidal
    A. coronal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. The pulmonary veins drain into which chamber of the heart?
    A. R atrium
    B. L atrium
    C. L ventricle
    D. R ventricle
    B. L atrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. CSF is located in which space?
    A. denticulate
    B. subarachnoid
    C. subdural
    D. epidural
    B. subarachnoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. Increased sympathetic activity to the heart would _______ heart rate & ____ vigor of contraction
    A. decrease, increase
    B. increase, increase
    C. increase, decrease
    D. decrease, decrease
    B. increase, increase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. Which hormone prevents luteolysis (death of the corpus luteum)?
    A. progesterone
    B. FSH
    C. hCG
    D. inhibin
    C. hCG
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. Which hormone stimulates testosterone production?
    A. luteinizing hormone
    B. FSH
    C. testosterone
    D. estrogen
    A. luteinizing hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. The secretion of antidiuretic hormone is increased by
    A. alcohol
    B. elevated BP
    C. posterior pituitary stimulating hormone
    D. elevated blood osmotic pressure
    D. elevated blood osmotic pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. What is the affect of hypercalcemia on the cardiovascular system?
    A. decreased strength of ventricular contractions
    B. stronger prolonged contractions of the ventricles
    C. tachycardia
    D. inhibition of the entire cardiac cycle
    B. stronger prolonged contractions of the ventricles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. The chemosensory cells of the medulla oblongata control breathing in response to the
    A. pO2 of CSF
    B. pCO2 of CSF
    C. pH of blood
    D. pH of CSF
    D. pH of CSF
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. Which vitamin will increase the absorption of iron in the intestine?
    A. D
    B. C
    C. K
    D. A
    B. C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. A deficiency in vit D during childhood results in _____
    A. pellagra
    B. arthritis
    C. scurvy
    D. rickets
    D. rickets
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. Which is classified as a complex carbohydrate?
    A. proteoglycan
    B. lipoprotein
    C. lactose
    D. fructose
    A. proteoglycan
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. Which cells predominate at the site of acute inflammation?
    A. lymphocytes & macrophages
    B. lymphocytes & basophils
    C. monocytes & neutrophils
    D. eosinophils & monocytes
    C. monocytes & neutrophils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. A deficiency in which vit is associated w/ bleeding gums
    A. A
    B. D
    C. C
    D. B6
    C. C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. Your pt complains of dryness of the nose & palate. This could indicate injury to _______ ganglion
    A. submandibular
    B. pterygopalantine
    C. ciliary
    D. otic
    B. pterygopalantine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. Which iron containing food contains the most absorbable form of iron?
    A. pasta
    B. spinach
    C. milk
    D. red meat
    D. red meat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. Niacin deficiency is associated w/ which disease?
    A. Xeropthalmia
    B. scurvy
    C. rickets
    D. pellagra
    D. pellagra
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. Slow oxidative muscle fibers have more _______ than fast anaerobic muscle fibers
    A. glycogen
    B. mitochondria
    C. myosin
    D. sarcoplasmic reticulum
    B. mitochondria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. A disease marked by accumulation of copper in the liver, brain, kidney, & eye is called?
    A. Addison's disease
    B. hemochromatosis
    C. Wilson's disease
    D. goiter
    C. Wilson's disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. The dietary precursor in mammals of coenzyme A is ___________
    A. niacin
    B. thiamine
    C. pentothenic acid
    D. pyridoxine
    C. pentothenic acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. How does presynaptic inhibition occur?
    A. Voltage gated Ca channels become harder to open in respinse to AP
    B. The Ca channels on the presynaptic cell open spontaneously
    C. The amt of Ca that diffuses out of the cell in response to an AP decreases
    D. The transmission of an AP along the axon of the presynaptic cell is blocked
    A. Voltage gated Ca channels become harder to open in respinse to AP
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author:
nakomarose
ID:
40850
Card Set:
CLET Exam
Updated:
2010-10-09 17:45:01
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CLET
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CLET
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