A/P Chapter 8

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tracyblome
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A/P Chapter 8
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2010-10-10 11:49:46
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A/P chapter 8
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  1. Which of these is commonly used for classifiying joints in the body?

    A) both a and B
    B) the number of bones that articulate with each other
    C) the embryonic tissue that formed the joint
    D) the degree of motion at each joint
    E) the connective tissue that binds the bones together.
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Given these types of joints:
    1. gomphosis
    2. suture
    3. symphysis
    4. synchondrosis
    5. syndesmosis
    Choose the types that are held together by fibrous connective tissue.

    A) 1,2,3
    B) 3,4,5
    C) 1,2,5
    D) 1,2,3,4,5
    E) 2,3,5
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Given these types of joints:
    1. gomphosis
    2. suture
    3. symphysis
    4. synchondrosis
    5. syndesmosis
    Choose the types that are held together by cartilage.

    A) 1,2
    B) 3,4
    C) 1,4
    D) 3,5
    E) 2,3
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of these joints in not matched with the correct joint type?

    A) humerus and scapula-synovial
    B) pariental bone to occipital bone-suture
    C) teeth in alveolar process-gomphosis
    D) shafts of the radius and ulna-synchondrosis
    E) between the coxae-symphysis
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The epipyseal plate can be described as a type of joint. Choose the term that describes teh joint before growth in the length of the bone has ended.

    A) synovial
    B) syndesmosis
    C) symphysis
    D) synchondrosis
    E) synostosis
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of these types of joints often temporary, with bone replacing them?

    A) syndesmoses
    B) synovial
    C) symphyses
    D) gomphoses
    E) synchonroses
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of these joints are the most movable

    A) syndesmoses
    B) sutures
    C) gomphoses
    D) symphyses
    E) synovial
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The intervertebral disks are an example of

    A) sutures
    B) gomphoses
    C) synovial joints
    D) syndesmoses
    E) symphyses
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Joints containing hyaline cartilage are called_____, and joints containing fibrocartilage are called_____.

    A) synchondroses: symphyses
    B) gomphoses: synchondroses
    C) sutures: synchondroses
    D) syndesmoses: symphyses
    E) symphyses: syndesmoses
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The inability to produce the fluid that keeps most joints moist would likely be caused by a disorder of the

    A) cruciate ligaments
    B) tendon sheath
    C) synovial membrane
    D) bursae
    E) articular cartilage
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of these is NOT associated with synovial joints

    A) synovial membrane
    B) synovial fluid
    C) perichondrium on surface of articular cartilage
    D) fibrous capsule
    E) bursae
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. All of the costochondral joints, except for the first, usually develop into

    A) synostoses
    B) bursae
    C) synovial joints
    D) syndesmoses
    E) symphyses
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Assume that a sharp object penetrated a synovial joint. From this list of structures:
    1. tendon or muscle
    2. ligament
    3. articular cartilage
    4. fibrous capsule (of joint capsule)
    5. skin
    6. synovial membrane (of joint capsule)
    Choose the order in which they would most likely be penetrated.

    A) 5,1,2,6,3,4
    B) 5,1,2,4,3,6
    C) 5,1,2,6,4,3
    D) 5,1,2,4,6,3
    E) 5,2,1,4,3,6
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of these do hinge joints and saddle joints have in common?

    A) both a and b
    B) both have concave surfaces that articulate with a convex surface
    C) both are monoaxial joints
    D) both are synovial joints
    E) all of the above
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of these joint is correctly match with the type of joint?

    A) atlas to occipital condyle-pivot
    B) scapula to humerus-plane
    C) tibia to talus-hinge
    D) femur to coxa-ellipsoid
    E) tarsals to metatarsals-saddle
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Once a doorknob is grasped, what movement of the forearm is necessary to unlatch the door, that is, turn the knob in a clockwise direction? (Assume using the right hand).

    A) supination
    B) flexion
    C) pronation
    D) rotation
    E) extension
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. After the door is unlatched, what movement of the elbow is necessary to open it? (Assume the door opens in, and you are on the inside.)

    A) pronation
    B) flexion
    C) supination
    D) extension
    E) rotation
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. After the door is unlatched, what movement of the shoulder is necessary to close it? (Assume the door opens in, and you are on the inside.)

    A) pronation
    B) supination
    C) flexion
    D) rotation
    E) extension
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. When grasping a doorknob, the thumb and little finger undergo

    A) lateral excursion
    B) medial excursion
    C) opposition
    D) reposition
    E) dorsiflexion
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Spreading the fingers apart is

    A) flexion
    B) depression
    C) abduction
    D) rotation
    E) lateral excursion
    C) abduction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A runner that the lateral side of her right shoe is wearing much more than the lateral side of her left shoe. This could mean that her right foot undergoes more _____ than her left foot.

    A) plantar flexion
    B) dorsiflexion
    C) lateral excursion
    D) eversion
    E) inversion
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. For a ballet dancer to stand on her toes, her feet must

    A) invert
    B) abduct
    C) plantar flex
    D) evert
    E) dorsiflex
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. A meniscus in found in the

    A) shoulder joint
    B) elbow joint
    C) ankle joint
    D) knee joint
    E) hip joint
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of these types of joints are bones united by fibrous connective tissue, with no joint cavity, and with little or no movement?

    A) syndesmosis
    B) synovial
    C) symphysis
    D) synchondrosis
    E) all of these
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. A wide area between sutrues in a newborn is called a

    A) gomphosis
    B) synchondrosis
    C) syndesmosis
    D) synostosis
    E) fontanel
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The radioulnar joint, or interosseus membrane, is an example of a

    A) gomphosis
    B) syndesmosis
    C) synchondrosis
    D) synostosis
    E) symphysis
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. When the epiphyseal plate becomes the epiphyseal line, the synchondrosis joint becomes a

    A) gomphosis
    B) symphysis
    C) suture
    D) syndesmosis
    E) synostosis
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The articulation between the first rib and the sternum is a

    A) syndesmosis
    B) synovial joint
    C) gomphosis
    D) symphysis
    E) synchondrosis
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which of these types of joints exhibits the greatest amount of movement?

    A) suture joints
    B) syndesmosis joints
    C) synovial joints
    D) cartilaginous joints
    E) gomphosis joints
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Most joints that unite the bone of the appendicular skeleton are

    A) synchondrosis joints
    B) gomphosis joints
    C) symphysis joints
    D) syndesmosis joints
    E) synovial joints
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Synovial joints are always enclosed by a

    A) cartilage layer
    B) tendon sheath
    C) synostosis
    D) synchondrosis
    E) joint capsule
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Articular surfaces of bones within the synovial joints are covered with

    A) a fibrous capsule
    B) fibrocartilage
    C) articular cartilage
    D) a tendon sheath
    E) synovial membrane
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Synovial fluid is secreted by

    A) both a and b
    B) cartilage cells
    C) bone cells
    D) the synovial membrane
    E) adipose cells
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. In synovial joints, blood vessels and nerves do not enter the

    A) synovial membrane
    B) articular cartilage
    C) bone
    D) both a and b
    E) joint cavity
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. A pocket, or sac, filled with synovial fluid that extends for a distance away fromt he rest of the joint cavity is called

    A) a bursa
    B) an articular disk
    C) articular cartilage
    D) the periosteum
    E) a herniation
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which of these structures is NOT covered with synovial membrane?

    A) joint cavity
    B) articular cartilage
    C) bursa
    D) tendon sheath
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. An example of a plane, or gliding, joint is the

    A) elbow
    B) shoulder
    C) ankle
    D) articular processes between vertebrae
    E) atalantooccipital joint
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. The joint between in the dens of the axis and the atlas is a(n)

    A) ellipsoid joint
    B) hinge joint
    C) pivot joint
    D) plane, or gliding joint
    E) ball-and-socket joint
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The joint between the occipital condyles and the atlas (atlantooccipital joint) is a(n)

    A) ellipsoid joint
    B) hinge joint
    C) plane, or gliding joint
    D) ball-and socket joint
    E) pivot joint
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Raising your arm to point at something straight ahead of you involves

    A) extension of the arm
    B) abduction of the arm
    C) flexion of the arm
    D) circumduction of the arm
    E) adduction of the arm
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Moving your arm laterally away from your body is

    A) abduction
    B) adduction
    C) circumduction
    D) flexion
    E) extension
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Kicking a football straight ahead with your toes involves that movement of your thigh?

    A) extension
    B) flexion
    C) circumduction
    D) adduction
    E) abduction
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Kicking a football straight ahead with your toes involves movement of your leg?

    A) abduction
    B) extension
    C) adduction
    D) circumduction
    E) flexion
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. When a suspect is arrested by the police, typically they are handcuffed behind their backs, In this position, teh suspect's arms are

    A) circumducted
    B) abducted
    C) flexed
    D) extended
    E) adducted
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. When someone is going to place something in the plam of your hand, your hand must be

    A) flexed
    B) adducted
    C) supinated
    D) pronated
    E) abducted
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. To walk on her toes, a ballerina must be able to ____her feet for long periods of time.

    A) invert (supinate)
    B) evert
    C) planarflex
    D) abduct
    E) dorsiflex
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. You are sitting on a chair. To stand up, you must ___ your thighs and ____ your legs.

    A) abduct, flex
    B) flex, extend
    C) extend, extend
    D) flex, flex
    E) extend, flex
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Tilting the head posteriorly to look up at the sky requires

    A) extension of the neck
    B) flexion of the neck
    C) adduction of the neck
    D) circumduction of the neck
    E) abduction of the neck
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Touching the thumb with the little finger is called

    A) abduction
    B) flexion
    C) adduction
    D) reposition
    E) opposition
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. A person who is standing and bends to tie their shoe is ___ their trunk.

    A) flexing
    B) abducting
    C) circumducting
    D) extending
    E) adducting
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. A person who is standing in the anatomic position has their hands _____ and their forearms _______.

    A) pronated, extended
    B) supinated, flexed
    C) supinated, extended
    D) pronated, flexed
    E) abducted, extended
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. A baby in the fetal position has most of it joints

    A) abducted
    B) circumducted
    C) flexed
    D) adducted
    E) extended
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Shruggin your shoulders to indicate you don't know the answer to a question involves

    A) elevation of the scapulae
    B) retraction of the scapulae
    C) lateral excursion of the scapulae
    D) depression of the scapulae
    E) protraction of the scapulae
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Which of these movements is NOT required for a person in the military to salute?

    A) abduction of the arem
    B) supination of the hand
    C) flexion of the forearm
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Sometimes people TMJ disorders bruxate (grind side-to-side) their teeth at night. This movement is

    A) circumduction of the mandible
    B) flexion and extension of the mandible
    C) medial and lateral rotation of the mandible
    D) abduction and adduction of the mandible
    E) lateral excursion of the mandible
    E)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. The temporomandibular joint is predoninately a(n)

    A) ellipsoid joint
    B) pivot joint
    C) ball-and-socket joint
    D) hinge joint
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. Which of these movemnts of the foot causes ankle sprains most frequently?

    A) abduction
    B) dorsiflextion
    C) plantarflexion
    D) inversion
    E) eversion
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Which of the following is the correct term for a freely moveable joint?

    A) diarthrosis
    B) arthrosis
    C) amphiarthrosis
    D) synarthrosis
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Which of the following is a joint that has little or no movement?

    A) diarthrosis
    B) amphiarthrosis
    C) arthrosis
    D) synarthrosis
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Which of the following is a joint that is slightly moveable?

    A) amphiarthrosis
    B) arthrosis
    C) diarthrosis
    D) synarthrosis
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. In a structural classification of joints, which of the following is a joint thas has a cavity filled with fluid enclosed in a capsule?

    A) synovial
    B) fibrous
    C) hinged
    D) cartilaginous
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. The sutures of the skull and the teeth in their sockets are examples of which of the following?

    A) synarthrosis
    B) amphiarthrosis
    C) arthrosis
    D) diarthrosis
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Intervertebral discs, the pubic symphysis, and the tibio-fibular joints are examples of which of the following types of joints?

    A) amphiarthrosis
    B) diarthrosis
    C) arthrosis
    D) synarthrosis
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. The shoulder, elbow, and kneww are examples of which of the following types of joints?

    A) amphiarthrosis
    B) diarthrosis
    C) synarthrosis
    D) arthrosis
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. Of the following fibrous joints, which one forms the joints between the skull bones?

    A) syndesmoses
    B) sutures
    C) synosthoses
    D) gomphoses
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which of the following types of joints holds two bones tightly together with a ligament?

    A) syndesmoses
    B) gomphoses
    C) sutures
    D) synostoses
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Which of the following types of fibrous joints is the joint between the radius and ulna and also between the tibia and fibula?

    A) gomphoses
    B) synosthoses
    C) sutures
    D) syndesmoses
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. Of the following types of cartilaginous joints, which one is a joint of hyaline cartilage found in the epiphyseal joint?

    A) squamosal
    B) syntoses
    C) synchondrosis
    D) symphysis
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. Of the following types of carilaginous joints, which one is found between the pubic bone?

    A) symphysis
    B) synchondrosis
    C) squamosal
    D) synthoses
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Sometimes a joint has become fused and now is one bone. Which of the following is the correct term for this type of bone?

    A) serrate suture
    B) syndesmosis
    C) synostosis
    D) synchondrosis
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. Which of the following is a cartilage pad found in some synovial joints?

    A) sheath
    B) articular disks
    C) epiphyseal plate
    D) synovium
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. In which of the following types of synovial joints does one bone have a projection that fits into a ring-like ligament on the other, enabling one bone to revolve on the other?

    A) plane (gliding)
    B) pivot
    C) saddle
    D) hinge
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Which of the following types of synovial joints is monaxial, in which one bone has a projection that fits into a ring-like ligament ont he other so that one bone revolves on the other?

    A) hinge
    B) plane (gliding)
    C) saddle
    D) pivot
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. Of the following types of diarthrotic movements, which one is a simple moving of the lower arm up and down?

    A) hyperextension
    B) flexion and extension
    C) abduction
    D) adduction
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. Of the following types of diarthrotic movements, which one is a movement away from the midsagital line (as in standing spread legged)?

    A) adduction
    B) abduction
    C) hyperextension
    D) flexion and extension
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. Of the following diarthrotic movements, which is a movement of bone anteriorly in a gliding motion?

    A) retraction
    B) protraction
    C) elevation
    D) circumduction
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Of the following diarthrotic movments, which one occurs when one grinds the teeth?

    A) elevation and depression
    B) lateral and medical excursion
    C) circumduction
    D) protraction and retraction
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. Of the following diarthrotic movements, which ones are movements of the thumb against the fingers and then away from the fingers?

    A) lateral and medial excursion
    B) supination and pronation
    C) protraction and retraction
    D) opposition and reposition
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. Of the following diarthrotic movments, which one is a movement of bone anteriorly on a horizontal pland and then pulling it back ( as in sticking out one's jaw)?

    A) supination and pronation
    B) protraction and retraction
    C) lateral and medical excursion
    D) opposition and reposition
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Of the following diarthrotic movments, which one is a movement of tilting the soles of the feet inward and then outward?

    A) opposition and reposition
    B) inversion and eversion
    C) dorsiflexion and plantar flexion
    D) protraction and retraction
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. Which of the following diarthrotic movements moves a bone superiorly?

    A) retraction
    B) retraction
    C) elevation
    D) depression
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. Which of the following diarthrotic movments is shrugging the shoulders?

    A) elevation
    B) retraction
    C) retraction
    D) depression
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. Which of the following movements occurs when turning a doorknob clockwise or driving a screw into a piece of wood?

    A) pronation
    B) excursion
    C) opposition
    D) supination
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. Of the following diarthrotic movements, which one is a movement of raising and lowering the toes?

    A) protraction and retraction
    B) opposition and reposition
    C) dorisflexion and plantar flexion
    D) inversion and eversion
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. The type of movement that includes flexion and extension

    A) circular
    B) gliding
    C) horizontal
    D) angular
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. This type of movement includes hyperextension, plantar flexion, and dorsiflexion

    A) horizontal
    B) gliding
    C) angular
    D) circular
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. This type of movment includes rotation, pronation, supination and circumduction

    A) horizontal
    B) angular
    C) circular
    D) gliding
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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