Nutrition Ch. 12

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Author:
wiscflor
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40880
Filename:
Nutrition Ch. 12
Updated:
2010-10-09 16:03:38
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OB Exam2
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N12
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  1. How much folic acid a day must be consumed before pregnancy?

    What does it help prevent?
    0.4mg

    • Diabetes
    • Birth defects
  2. What kind of foods have folic acid?
    • Liver (the richest source)
    • Legumes
    • Whole grains
    • Cereals
    • Green leafy veggies
    • Fruits
  3. How many more calories are needed for each trimester?
    1st - None

    2nd - 300+

    3rd - 450+
  4. What common pregnancy outcomes occur in:

    Underweight women?

    Overweight women?
    U - Preterm labor and low birth weight babies

    O - Intrauterine growth restriction
  5. In the first and second trimester growth takes place in what tissues?

    Third trimester?
    Maternal tissues

    Fetal tissues
  6. What are the BMI ranges?

    What are the recommended weight gains for each?
    Underweight - < 18.5 - 28-40lbs

    Normal - 18.5 - 24.9 - 25-35lbs

    Overweight - 25-29.9 - 15-25lbs

    Obese - 30+ - 11-20lbs
  7. Obese women have increased rates of?
    • Fetal death
    • Induction of labor
    • Prolonged labor
    • Postpartum hemorrhage
    • UTI
  8. Obese women have decreased rates of?
    • Breastfeeding initiation
    • Breastfeeding duration
  9. Neonates of obese mothers have increased risks of?
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Macrosomia
  10. What kind of role does protein have in pregnancy?
    • Fetal growth
    • Enlarge uterus/placenta
    • Enlarge mammary glands
    • Increase circulating blood
  11. How many servings are recommended to get adequate protein from:

    Dairy?
    Meat?
    3 servings

    2 servings
  12. Why should women be careful when choosing fish?

    What fish should be avoided?
    High mercury levels harm the developing system of the fetus

    • Shark
    • Swordfish
    • Mackerel
    • Tilefish
  13. Consuming more than 300mg of caffeine a day can increase the risk of?
    • Miscarriage
    • IUGR
  14. Aspartame should be avoided in women with?
    Phenylketonuria (PKU)
  15. What is the best way to take iron supplements?
    • Empty stomach
    • At night
    • With citrus
  16. Weight loss while lactating is not associated with?
    • Decreased milk volume
    • Composition changes
    • Decreased milk nutrients
    • Decreased infant growth velocity
  17. When are women allowed to reduce calories in postpartum?
    Once lactation has started

    (Decrease 500/day but stay above 1500)
  18. What are some non-dairy calcium sources?
    • Fish
    • Beans and legumes
    • Greens
    • Baked products
    • Fruits
    • Sauces

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