Nutrition Ch. 12
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How much folic acid a day must be consumed before pregnancy?
What does it help prevent?
What kind of foods have folic acid?
- Liver (the richest source)
- Whole grains
- Green leafy veggies
How many more calories are needed for each trimester?
1st - None
2nd - 300+
3rd - 450+
What common pregnancy outcomes occur in:
U - Preterm labor and low birth weight babies
O - Intrauterine growth restriction
In the first and second trimester growth takes place in what tissues?
What are the BMI ranges?
What are the recommended weight gains for each?
Underweight - < 18.5 - 28-40lbs
Normal - 18.5 - 24.9 - 25-35lbs
Overweight - 25-29.9 - 15-25lbs
Obese - 30+ - 11-20lbs
Obese women have increased rates of?
- Fetal death
- Induction of labor
- Prolonged labor
- Postpartum hemorrhage
Obese women have decreased rates of?
- Breastfeeding initiation
- Breastfeeding duration
Neonates of obese mothers have increased risks of?
What kind of role does protein have in pregnancy?
- Fetal growth
- Enlarge uterus/placenta
- Enlarge mammary glands
- Increase circulating blood
How many servings are recommended to get adequate protein from:
Why should women be careful when choosing fish?
What fish should be avoided?
High mercury levels harm the developing system of the fetus
Consuming more than 300mg of caffeine a day can increase the risk of?
Aspartame should be avoided in women with?
What is the best way to take iron supplements?
- Empty stomach
- At night
- With citrus
Weight loss while lactating is not associated with?
- Decreased milk volume
- Composition changes
- Decreased milk nutrients
- Decreased infant growth velocity
When are women allowed to reduce calories in postpartum?
Once lactation has started
(Decrease 500/day but stay above 1500)
What are some non-dairy calcium sources?
- Beans and legumes
- Baked products
What would you like to do?
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