EMT: quiz2

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rebellious
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40961
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EMT: quiz2
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2010-10-09 22:32:38
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EMT
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QUIZ: Chapters 4-5
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  1. The study of functions of the body is called:
    physiology
  2. The structure of the body is referred to as its:
    anatomy
  3. The anatomical position is best described as a person:
    standing, facing forward, palms facing forward
  4. An imaginary line down the center of the body that passes between the eyes and
    extends down past the umbilicus is the:
    midline
  5. The term that refers to a position closer to the midline is:
    medial
  6. Another word for anterior is:
    ventral
  7. The preferred position for any unconscious non-trauma patient is:
    recovery
  8. The Fowler's position is usually achieved by raising the head end of the stretcher so that the body is at a:
    45-60 degree angle
  9. This division of the
    spinal column is subject to injury because it is not supported by another part
    of the skeleton:
    lumbar
  10. The pelvis is
    commonly referred to as the:
    hip
  11. The scapula and acromion are parts of the:
    shoulder
  12. Inferiorly, the knee connects with the:
    tibia and fibula
  13. The body contains how many different types of muscle:
    three
  14. After inhaled air goes through he larynx, the next part of the respiratory system the air passes
    as it moves to the lungs is the:
    trachea
  15. The chamber that pumps oxygen-rich blood out of the heart for distribution to the
    rest of the body is the:
    left ventricle
  16. The largest artery in the body is the:
    aorta
  17. The pulse checked during infant CPR is the:
    brachial
  18. The blood vessels where gases, nutrients, and waste products are exchanged between the body's
    cell and the bloodstream are the:
    capillaries
  19. The component of the blood that has a primary function of carrying oxygen to tissue
    is:
    red blood cells
  20. The pressure created in the arteries when blood is forced out of the heart is referred to
    as:
    systolic
  21. The adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients to the organs and tissues of the body is called:
    perfusion
  22. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and the:
    spinal cord
  23. The skin layer rich with blood vessels, nerves, and specialized structures such as sweat
    glands and sebaceous glands is the:
    dermis
  24. The endocrine system produces chemicals called:
    hormones
  25. Body functions such as digestion and heart rate are controlled by the:
    autonomic nervous system
  26. Gas exchange within the lungs takes place in the:
    alveoli
  27. When the left ventricle is contracting, the left atrium is:
    relaxing
  28. There are _____cervical vertebrae.
    7
  29. The thoracic
    vertebrae are connected to the ribs.
    true
  30. The femur and humorous
    are examples of what type of bone?
    long
  31. What is the name of the hormone that must be present in order for glucose to enter the cell?
    insulin
  32. The sum of all of
    the body's chemical processes is called:
    metabolism
  33. _______ is a passive process.
    expiration
  34. All arteries carry deoxygenated blood:
    false
  35. The stomach is located in the:
    left upper abdominal quadrant
  36. The ____ prevents aspiration during swallowing:
    epiglottis
  37. The primary pacemaker of the heart is:
    the senatorial node
  38. The normal range in an adult's heart rate is:
    60-100
  39. The lower jaw bone is called the:
    mandible
  40. One major function of bone is NOT:
    movement
  41. When you are
    lifting a heavy object, most of the work should be done by the muscles of your:
    legs
  42. For which reason should an urgent move be used?
    immediate treatment for a breathing emergency can be performed
  43. The preferred device for carrying a conscious medical patient down a flight of steps is the:
    stair chair
  44. One technique that can greatly reduce the risk of back injuries when lifting and
    moving patients is:
    keeping the lifted weight in close to your body
  45. Which of the conditions below is NOT one that permits the use of an emergency move?
    A stable patient's position is hampering apolice investigation
  46. When an
    abbreviated assessment on a patient trapped in wreckage reveals that the
    patient must be moved quickly, you would order a(n)
    urgent move
  47. The technique
    used when quickly removing a patient from a vehicle is called:
    rapid extrication
  48. Unresponsive
    patients without suspected spinal injuries should be placed in the:
    recovery position
  49. The method that
    should be used when moving a patient onto a long spine board is the:
    log roll
  50. The method commonly used to transfer a patient from a bed at home to a stretcher is the:
    draw-sheet method

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