glossary mis 322.txt

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Anonymous
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41019
Filename:
glossary mis 322.txt
Updated:
2010-10-10 03:35:17
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MIS
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MIS glossary terms A
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  1. Abstract class
    A class that has no direct instances but whose descendants may have direct instances.
  2. Acceptance testing
    The process whereby actual users test a completed information system, the end result of which is the users� acceptance of it.
  3. Action stubs
    That part of a decision table that lists the actions that result for a given set of conditions.
  4. Activation
    The time period during which an object performs an operation.
  5. Actor
    An external entity that interacts with the system (similar to an external entity in data-flow diagramming).
  6. Adaptive maintenance
    Changes made to a system to evolve its functionality to changing business needs or technologies.
  7. Aggregation
    A part-of relationship between a component object and an aggregate object.
  8. Agile Methodologies
    A family of development methodologies characterized by short iterative cycles and extensive testing; active involvement of users for establishing, prioritizing, and verifying requirements; and a focus on small teams of talented, experienced programmers.
  9. Alpha testing
    User testing of a completed information system using simulated data.
  10. Application independence
    The separation of data and the definition of data from the applications that use these data.
  11. Application server
    A �middle-tier� software and hardware combination that lies between the Web server and the corporate network and systems.
  12. Application service provider (ASP)
    Organizations that host and run computer applications for other companies, typically on a per-use or license basis.
  13. Application software
    Software designed to process data and support users in an organization. Examples of application software include spreadsheets, word processors, and database management systems.
  14. Association
    A relationship between object classes.
  15. Association role
    The end of an association where it connects to a class.
  16. Associative entity
    An entity type that associates the instances of one or more entity types and contains attributes that are peculiar to the relationship between those entity instances.
  17. Attribute
    A named property or characteristic of an entity that is of interest to the organization.
  18. Audit trail
    A record of the sequence of data entries and the date of those entries.

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