A & P

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Anonymous
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41030
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A & P
Updated:
2010-10-10 05:35:45
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Introduction Worksheet
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Medical Terminology and Anatomy & Physiology
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  1. What is the basic sturctural unit of the body?
    Cells
  2. List the bod cavities and the organs in each.
    • A. Dorsal------brain and spinal
    • B. Thoracic---heart and lungs
    • C. Abdominal/pelvic--everything else
  3. Cell membrane
    • The outer covering of the cell (cell wall)
    • Encloses the ctoplasm enables particles to go in and out
    • semi-permible
  4. Nucleus
    Brains of the operation
  5. Cytoplasm
    Fluid inside cell
  6. Mitochondria
    Power or fuel source
  7. Endoplasmic reticulum
    • Transports substances from one part of the cell to another.
    • Is a network of tubes and channels.
  8. Define "energy"
    Ability to do work
  9. Which phase is the "building up phase?
    Anabolism
  10. Which phase is the "break down" phase?
    Catabolism
  11. Which phase requires (uses) energy?
    Anabolism
  12. Which phase gives off (produces) energy?
    Catabolism
  13. List four types of tissue.
    • Epithelial
    • Connective
    • Muscle
    • Nervous
  14. Which type of tissue forms skin and membranes?
    Epithelial
  15. Which type of tissue forms bone and fascia?
    Connective
  16. Which type of tissue contracts, enabling movement?
    Muscle
  17. Which type of tissue relays electrical impulses?
    Nervous
  18. What are the three types of muscle? Are they voluntary or involuntary?
    • A. Skeletal--striated voluntary
    • B. Cardiac--both striated & smooth involuntary
    • C. Smooth/Visceral--smooth involuntary
  19. Which systems' organs are lined with all mucous membrane?
    • Digestive
    • Respitorary
    • Urinary
    • Reproductive
  20. Define "tissue".
    Group of cells that look & do the same thing.
  21. Define organ.
    2 or more tissues that look alike & do the same thing.
  22. Define a system.
    2 or more organs that look alike and do the same thing
  23. The maintenance of a steady stat within the body's physical an dchemical environment is termed:
    Homeostasis (Balance)
  24. A "useful substance" is called a:
    Nutrients
  25. Define "diffusion"
    • A movement of a particle. Requires no energy.
    • A particle is anything besides water.
  26. Define "osmosis".
    • The movement of water.
    • Requires no energy.
  27. What is the difference between diffusion and active transport?
    Requires energy to move particles.
  28. List a few examples of diffusion in everyday life.
    • turkey
    • skunk
    • perfume
  29. List the three serous membranes which line the body's cavities.
    • Pericardium--covers the heart
    • Pleura--covers the lungs
    • Peritoneum--covers the abdomino pelvic
  30. Body system: Integumentary
    Function: Protection, excretion, respiration
  31. Body system: Blood
    Function: Transportation and fighting infection
  32. Body system: Cardiovascular
    Function: Transportation, with the heart acting as a pump
  33. Body system: Respiratory
    Function: Obtaining oxygen from the environment and exhalation of carbon dioxide (a waste product)
  34. Body system: Urinary
    Function: Filtration, regulation of water balance and blood pressure
  35. Body system: Skeletal
    Function: Framework and support
  36. Body system: Muscle
    Function: Movement by way of contraction
  37. Body system: Digestive
    Function: Digestion, absorption and elimination
  38. Body system: Nervous
    Function: Provides communication throughout the body
  39. Body system: Endocrine
    • Function: Control, initiate and regulate all body activity.
    • Mate system to the nervous system, assist in communication.
  40. Body system: Reproductive
    Function: Propagation of the human race.
  41. Body system: Special Senses
    Function: Vision and Hearing
  42. Upper Right Region of Abdomen
    Right Hypochondriac Region
  43. Upper Center Region of Abdomen
    Epigastric Region
  44. Upper Left Region of Abdomen
    Left Hypochondriac Region
  45. Middle Right Region of Abdomen
    Right Lumbar Region
  46. Middle Center Region of Abdomen
    Umbilical Region
  47. Middle Left Region of Abdomen
    Left Lumbar Region
  48. Lower Right Region of Abodomen

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