Nursing Exam III (pharmacology)

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Author:
JChristie20
ID:
41088
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Nursing Exam III (pharmacology)
Updated:
2010-10-10 13:52:43
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pharmacology
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medications and pharmacology
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  1. sudden loss of muscle strength manifested as slurred speech, sagging of the jaw, head nodding, or even complete collapse of the body
    cataplexy
  2. vivid, fearful illusions that may be experienced at teh onset of sleep or on awakening
    hypnagogic hallucinations
  3. talking or repetitive movements during the sleep episode
    automatic behavior
  4. these antihistimine medicines include: benadryl, benylin cough, sleep-eze, sominex, sleepinal)
    dipenhydramine
  5. there antihistimine medicines include: nitetime, nytol, unisom
    doxylamine
  6. two herbal products with demonstrated efficacy in promoting relaxation are
    valerian and kava
  7. natural herb
    high doses can damage the liver
    potential to interact with RX sleep meds
    not to be used unless recommened by Dr.
    Kava
  8. natural herb
    not shown to cause liver damage
    valerian root
  9. causes drying of the nose and mouth
    some pt. complain of dizziness and blurred vision
    antihistimine
  10. have been developed that more specifically target areas of the brain controling anxiety and sleep
    CNS depressants
  11. drug that has the ability to relieve anxiety
    anxiolytic
  12. CNS depressant that produces relaxation, calmness, and a reduction in anxiety and excitement
    sedative
  13. drug that produces sleep
    hypnotic
  14. four general classifications of drugs used for patients experiencing axiety or sleep disorders
    • 1. benzodiazepines
    • 2. nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytics
    • 3. antidepressants
    • 4. barbituates
  15. drug of choice for generalized anxiety disorder GAD, and for short-term management of insomnia, schedule IV
    benzodiazepines
  16. bind to the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor and intensify the effect of GABA, the natural inhibitory neurotransmitter found throughout the brain
    benzos
  17. xanax
    klonopin
    valium
    ativan
    versed
    restoril
    benzos
  18. ambien
    lunesta
    buspar
    nonbenzos
  19. have that ability to reduce anxiety symptoms by altering the levels of two imprtant neurotransmitters in the brain
    • norepinephrine
    • serotonin
  20. most widely prescribed antidepressant class
    can cause weight gain and sexual dysfunction
    selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  21. cymbalta
    effexor
    celexa
    prozac
    lexapro
    antidepressants
  22. act by binding to GABA receptor chloride channel molecules
    low dose: anxiety and causes drowsiness
    medium dose: inhibit seizure activity
    high dose: induce anesthesia
    barbituates
  23. phenobarbital
    barbiturates

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