EMT

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Author:
firefighter711
ID:
41109
Filename:
EMT
Updated:
2010-10-10 17:20:37
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Defitions
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Terms needing to know
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  1. a spray device with a mouthpiece that contains an aerosol form of a medication that a patient can spray into his airway.
    inhaler
  2. the medication name found in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia.
    Generic
  3. Government listing of all medications
    United States Pharmacopeia(USP)
  4. a medication used to dilate bronchioles in patients with respiratory disorders
    Albuterol
  5. the medication name a pharmaceutical company gives to a drug. it could also be referred to as a brand name.
    Trade Name
  6. the medication name that reflects the chemical structure of the medication
    chemical name
  7. placement of medication in or under the skin with a needle and syringe.
    Injection
  8. jelly-like form of medicatin.
    Gels
  9. small disk-like compressed form of medication
    tablets
  10. solid medication mixed in a fluid. Must be shaken before giving.
    suspensions
  11. beneath the tongue.
    sublingual
  12. process of mixing air and medication to produce a mist which is inhaled.
    Nebulized
  13. through or by the way of the skin.
    transdermal
  14. reason a medication is administered.
    Indication
  15. how the medication is administered.
    Route
  16. how much of the medication is administered.
    Dose
  17. desired responses in the boday a medication may cause. Also called the desired effect.
    actions
  18. any action of a drug other than the desired action.
    Side Effects
  19. situations where a medication should not be administered because it may do more harm than good.
    Contraindications
  20. memory aid to remember all things you must check when administering a medication to the patient. Thes include right medication, right dose, right route, right patient, right time, and right documentation.
    Six rights
  21. a medication used to treat serious allergic reactions called anaphylaxis.
    Epinephrine
  22. a medication used to treat chest pain.
    nitroglycerin
  23. a medication that relaxes the muscle in blood vessels and permits an increased blood flow.
    Smooth-Muscle relaxant
  24. a medication used to reat certain cases of poisining or overdose.
    activated charcoal
  25. a medication used to treat patients with suspected low blood sugar.
    oral Glucose
  26. source of fuel for the body.
    Carbohydrate
  27. medication used to open up bronchioles that are constricted due to a respiratory disease such as asthma.
    inhaled bronchodilators
  28. medication used both during a heart attack and as a method to prevent heart attacks.
    aspirin
  29. clumping together of blood cells.
    blood clotting
  30. components of the blood; membrane-enclosed fragments of specialized cells.
    platelets
  31. a medication used to increase the amount of circulating oxygen in the blood stream.
    oxygen
  32. the exchange of common symbols-- written, spoken, or other kinds such as signing and body language.
    Communication
  33. a system for telephone access to report emergencies.
    9-1-1 system
  34. a two-way radio at a fixed site such as a hospital or dispatch center.
    Base Station radio
  35. a two-way radio that is used or affixed in a vehichle.
    Mobile Radio
  36. a handheld two-way radio.
    portable radio
  37. computers that are mounted in a vehichle and connected to the base station by radio modem. In addition to full functionallity as a computer, the MDT will display dispatch information for calls and may provide the ability to enter information for prehospital care reports.
    Mobile Data Terminals (MDT's)
  38. a device that picks up signals from lower-power radios units, such as mobile and portable radios, and retransmits them at a higher power. it allows low power radio signals to be transmitted over longer distances.
    Repeater
  39. written documentation of the call and patient encounter. also called prehospital care report.
    Run Report
  40. written documentation of the call and patient encounter. Also called a patient care report or a run report.
    Prehospital Care Report(PCR)
  41. information about the call itself, such as the unit and crew members responding, the date and time of the call, and the name of the ambulance service.
    Run Data
  42. all the information about the patient(name, address, date of birth), insurance information, and detailed information on the patients complaint, assessment, care, and vital signs.
    Patient data
  43. information that you have personally observed, can measure, or can attest to.
    Objective
  44. information that is not first hand or that is subject to interpretation.
    subjective
  45. method of narration that tells the story of the call as it happened in a step by step, chronological narrative.
    Timeline or sequential
  46. acronym for subjective, objective, assessment, and plan. A method of documentation in which each letter stands for a specific portion of the narrative.
    SOAP
  47. acronym for chief complaint, history, assessment, Rx(or treatment), and transport. A method of documentation in which each letter stand for a specific portion of the narrative.
    CHART
  48. documentation of false information in a prehospital care report
    Falsification
  49. errors of omission are those where something wasn't done that should have been.
    Omission
  50. errors of commission are actions done that shouldn't have been done, especially actions that cause harm to a patient.
    Commission

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