HAP English Language and Composition Semester Exam.txt

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TheCurtainFalls
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HAP English Language and Composition Semester Exam.txt
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2010-01-12 22:11:36
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AP English Vocab Exam
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Vocabulary for the HAP English Language and Composition Semester Exam
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  1. The repetition of the same sound or letter at the beginning of consecutive words or syllables.
    Alliteration
  2. An indirect reference, often to another text or an historic event.
    Allusion
  3. The repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses.
    Anaphora
  4. A short account of an interesting event.
    Anecdote
  5. The repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast.
    Antimetabole
  6. Parallel structure that juxtaposes contrasting ideas.
    Antithesis
  7. The use of words common to an earlier time period; antiquated language.
    Archaic Diction
  8. A belief or statement taken for granted without proof.
    Assumption
  9. Leaving out conjunctions between word, phrases, clauses.
    Asyndeton
  10. Prejudice of predisposition toward one side of a subject or issue.
    Bias
  11. An informal or conversational use of language.
    Colloquialism
  12. A reluctant acknowledgement or yielding.
    Concession
  13. That which is implied by a word, as opposed to the word's literal meaning.
    Connotation
  14. Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning.
    Context
  15. Worthy of belief; trustworthy.
    Credibility
  16. A challenge to a position; an opposing argument.
    Counterargument
  17. Reasoning from general to specific.
    Deduction
  18. The literal meaning of a word; its dictionary definition.
    Denotation
  19. Word choice.
    Diction
  20. A Greek term referring to the character of a person; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals.
    Ethos
  21. Urging, or strongly encouraging.
    Hortative
  22. Exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis.
    Hyperbole
  23. Vivid use of language that evokes a reader's senses (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing)
    Imagery
  24. Reasoning from specific to general.
    Induction
  25. A sentence in which the verb precedes the subject.
    Inversion
  26. Placement of two things side by side for emphasis.
    Juxtaposition
  27. A Greek term that means "word"; an appeal to logic; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals.
    Logos
  28. A figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms.
    Oxymoron
  29. The repetition of similar grammaticalor syntactical patterns.
    Parallelism
  30. A Greek term that refers to suffering but has come to be associated with broader apeals to emotion; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals.
    Pathos
  31. The speaker, voice, or character assumed by the author of a piece of writing.
    Persona
  32. Assigning lifelike characteristics to inanimate object.
    Personification
  33. The deliberate use of a series of conjunctions.
    Polysyndeton
  34. One's intention or objective in a speech or piece of writing.
    Purpose
  35. To discredit an argument, particularly a counterargument.
    Refutation
  36. The study of effective, persuasive language use; according to Aristotle, use of the "available means of persusasion."
    Rhetoric
  37. A question asked more to produce an effect than to summon an answer.
    Rhetorical Question
  38. A term used for the author, speaker, or the person whose perspective is being advanced in a speech or piece of writing.
    Speaker
  39. The distinctive quality of speech or writing created by the selection and arrangement of words and figures of speech.
    Style
  40. The dependence of one syntactical element on another in a sentence.
    Subordination
  41. A form of deductive reasoning in which the conclusion is supported by a major and minor premise.
    Syllogism
  42. Sentence structure.
    Syntax
  43. The centeral idea in a work to which all parts of the work refer.
    Thesis
  44. The speaker's attitude toward the subject or audience.
    Tone
  45. Method of development where the writer provides a series of examples (facts, specific cases, or instances).
    Exemplification
  46. A source's date of publishing and relevency to the topic.
    Currency
  47. Information that can be easily accessed through multiple sources.
    Common Knowledge
  48. An often plausible argument using false or invalid inference.
    Fallacy
  49. Occurring at or constituting the end of a period or series : concluding.
    Terminal
  50. Expressive of a command, entreaty, or exhortation.
    Imperative
  51. Attacking the person rather than the argument.
    Ad Hominem
  52. Beginning in the middle.
    In media res
  53. When an argument gives the reader no common ground.
    False Dilemma
  54. An unfair comparison.
    False Analogy
  55. When an argument predicts the future without the evidence to back it up.
    Slippery slope
  56. When an argument erroneously says one thing caused another.
    Doubtful Cause
  57. The cause is one certain thing when it's actually far more complex.
    Oversimplification
  58. Reaching an inductive generalization based on insufficient evidence.
    Hasty Generalization

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