AP English 11 Rhethoric Terms

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rpa_one
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AP English 11 Rhethoric Terms
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2010-10-10 18:51:29
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AP English
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Rhethoric Terms
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  1. Anaphora
    • the repitition of a word/phrase at the beginning of sucessive causes
    • ex. We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end.
  2. Paradox
    • a statement/preposition that, despite sound reasoning from acceptible source, leads to a conclusion that seems senseless/self-contradictionary
    • ex. You can save money by spending it.
  3. Juxtaposition
    • an act of placing close togehter for comparision and contrast
    • ex. playing the song "What a Wonder full World" while scenes of war and violence are going on
  4. alliteration
    • the occurence of the same letter at the beginning of adjacent words
    • ex. Dewdrops Dancing Down Daisies
  5. onomatopoeia
    • the formation of a word from a sound assiociated with what is named
    • ex. Clink, clank, clunk, clatterCrash, bang, beep, buzzRing, rip, roar, retch
  6. narration
    • a spoken or written account of connective events
    • ex. The barber was cutting our hair, and our eyes were closed--as they are so likely to be. .
  7. arguement
    • an exchange of diverging/opposite views
    • ex. debate
  8. exposition
    • a comprehensive description and explaination of an idea or theory
    • ex. a word definition or speeches
  9. description
    a spoken/written description of a person/object/event
  10. metonymy
    • the subtitiution of the name of an attribute for that of the thing meant
    • ex. crown for royalty
  11. antithesis
    • the placing of a sentence or one of its parts against another to which it is opposed to form a balanced contrast of ideas
    • ex. Give me liberty or give me death.
  12. epitaph
    a commemorative inscription on a tomb or mortuary monument about the person buried at that site.
  13. parable
    a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson.
  14. hyperbole
    • an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally
    • ex. to wait an eternity
  15. understatement
    • to state or represent less strongly or strikingly than the facts would bear out
    • ex. Saying "We've had a little rain," when the neighborhood is flooded.
  16. apostrophe
    • a digression in the form of an address to someone not present, or to a personified object or idea
    • ex. “O Death, where is thy sting?”
  17. synecdoche
    • a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special
    • ex. ten sail for ten ships
  18. simile
    • a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared
    • ex. “she is like a rose.”
  19. personification
    • the attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions
    • ex. the lamp post seemed wry
  20. euphemism
    • the substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt.
    • ex. “To pass away” is a euphemism for “to die.”
  21. parallelism
    • Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses.
    • ex. She tried to make her pastry fluffy, sweet, and delicate.
  22. ellipsis
    • the omission of one or more words, which must be supplied by the listener or reader
    • ex. Some people go to priests; others to poetry; I to my friends

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