A & P
Card Set Information
A & P
Medical Terminology, Anatomy & Physiology
What is the basic sturctural unit of the body?
List the body cavities and the organs in each.
A. Dorsal------brain and spinal
B. Thoracic---heart and lungs
C. Abdominal/pelvic--everything else
The outer covering of the cell (cell wall)
Encloses the cytoplasm. Enables particles to go in and out
Brains of the operation
Fluid inside cell
Power or fuel source
Transports substances from one part of the cell to another.
Is a network of tubes and channels.
Ability to do work
The total sum of all chemical reactions
Which phase is the "building up" phase?
Which phase is the "break down" phase?
Which phase requires (uses) energy?
Which phase gives off (produces) energy?
List four types of tissue.
Which type of tissue forms skin and membranes?
Which type of tissue forms bone and fascia?
Which type of tissue contracts, enabling movement?
Which type of tissue relays electrical impulses?
What are the three types of muscle? Are they voluntary or involuntary?
A. Skeletal--striated voluntary
B. Cardiac--both striated & smooth involuntary
C. Smooth/Visceral--smooth involuntary
Which systems' organs are lined with all mucous membrane?
Group of cells that look & do the same thing.
2 or more tissues that look alike & do the same thing.
Define a system.
2 or more organs that look alike and do the same thing
The maintenance of a steady state within the body's physical and chemical environment is termed:
A "useful substance" is called a:
A movement of a particle. Requires no energy.
A particle is anything besides water.
The movement of water.
Requires no energy.
What is the difference between diffusion and active transport?
Active transport requires energy to move particles.
List a few examples of diffusion in everyday life.
List the three serous membranes which line the body's cavities.
Pericardium--covers the heart
Pleura--covers the lungs
Peritoneum--covers the abdomino pelvic
Body system: Integumentary
Function: Protection, excretion, respiration
Body system: Blood
Function: Transportation and fighting infection
Body system: Cardiovascular
Function: Transportation, with the heart acting as a pump
Body system: Respiratory
Function: Obtaining oxygen from the environment and exhalation of carbon dioxide (a waste product)
Body system: Urinary
Function: Filtration, regulation of water balance and blood pressure
Body system: Skeletal
Function: Framework and support
Body system: Muscle
Function: Movement by way of contraction
Body system: Digestive
Function: Digestion, absorption and elimination
Body system: Nervous
Function: Provides communication throughout the body
Body system: Endocrine
: Control, initiate and regulate all body activity.
(mate system to the nervous system), assist in communication.
Body system: Reproductive
Function: Propagation of the human race.
Body system: Special Senses
Function: Vision and Hearing
Upper Right Region of Abdomen
Right Hypochondriac Region
Upper Center Region of Abdomen
Upper Left Region of Abdomen
Left Hypochondriac Region
Middle Right Region of Abdomen
Right Lumbar Region
Middle Center Region of Abdomen
Middle Left Region of Abdomen
Left Lumbar Region
Lower Right Region of Abdomen
Right iliac (inguinal region)
Lower Center Region of Abdomen
Lower Left Region of Abdomen
Left iliac (inguinal region)
Which term describes a tumor that is life-threatening?
Which term describes a tumor that is slower growing and not life-threatening?
What is the term that designates the spread of a malignancy?
What is the term for malignancies of the epithelial tissue?
What is the term for malignancies of the connective tissue?
Tumor made of bone
Tumor made of muscle tissue
Tumor made of fat tissue
Medical term for wart
Medical term for mole
Tumor made of nerve cells
Tumor made of gland tissue
Tumor made of vessles
Fluid found within a cell is called:
Fluid found outside a cell is called:
The study of cells:
The study of tissues:
The study of tumors:
The study of blood:
The study of disease:
The study of forms or shapes of living organisms:
List the four
elements of which the body is made.
toward the head
toward the tailbone
toward the trunk
toward the extremities
toward the midline
toward the side
lying on back, face up
lying on abdomen
away from the surface
toward the surface
toward the origin of a structure
away from the origin of a structure
conducting toward a structure (arrive) ex. veins
conducting away from a structure (exit) ex. artery
Spinal Region 1st set
Spinal Region 2nd set
Spinal Region 3rd set
Spinal Region 4th set
Spinal Region 5th set
Anatomical Planes - Frontal (coronal)
Plane that divides the body into anterior & posterior parts
Anatomical Planes - Sagittal
Plane that divides the body into right and left parts
Anatomical Planes - Transverse
Plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts