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What is the Theme of the O.T.?
God made a covanent with his people
Two Types of covenants: Unilateral and Bilateral, define both.
- Uni-One sided promise
- Bi-Both parties make an agreement
an agreement; in this case between God and man in which God pledges to bless those who accpet and commit themselves to him
1st covenant: who, what type and what form?
Noah and the flood; Unilateral; Rainbow
Formula of a covenant: 3 parts:
- -"I shall be your God
- -You shall be my people
- -I will dwell in the midst of you."
Father of many
Hebrew for "to laugh"
Grasp the heel; twin of Esaw
God does multiply
Belief in one God
Monolotry v. Monotheism-
Monolotry does not deny existence of other Gods but only worships one
List the call of Abram:
- -be the father of a great nation
- -be blessed
- -be well known
- -be a blessing to others
- -God would bless those who blessed Abram
- -God would curse those who cursed Abram
- -Abram would become a channel of blessing to people of all nations
Built the first alter to God:
- "my king is rightousness"
Definition: El Elyon-
- The almighty God
Explain, Justification by faith-
Declaration that the person has been restored to a state of righteousness on the basis of belief and trust of Christ rather than on one's own accomplishments
- Express a dynamic relationship between God and person that makes the person acceptable to God
Abram's two greatest mistakes-
- 1.You're my sister
- 2.Human effort to realize God's promise
Changed Abram to Abraham-
List the characteristics of God's covenant with Abraham:
- -God's grace established the covenant
- -The stipulations of the covenant vary
- -God gave signs of the covanent
- -God's covenant provided blessings
- -God's covenant is everlasting
The blessings God's covenant provided:
- -Long life
-meaning princess; become mother of a great nation
Climax of Abrahams life:
List lessons learned from Abraham's test:
- -Corrects the popular misconception that Christian life is a "bed of roses"
- -Life's dearest possession can sometimes be our greatest temptation to be unfaithful
- -God's richest blessings are reserved for those who are totally at his disposal
Another characteristic of God meaning- He provided
Explain: Birth right-
-better position in the family; generally 1st born son; new leader
Explain: Birth blessing-
Generally 1st born son; given to become a better man
Jacob was decieved by his step father, just as he decieved his father
-House of God
Isaac built an altar there and called on the name of the LORD. There he pitched his tent, and there his servants dug a well.
Jacob repents: (about brother) 4 ways
- -recognizes sin
- -spontaneous prayer
- -confesses unworthiness
- -sincere prayers of deliverance
-Prince of God
Meanings of dreams in Old Testament:
Mode of revelation
Josephs Dream 1:
Binding grain together in field gathering shives; he stood up tall and the others bow down to his shives.
Others would soon by down to him
Josephs Dream 2:
Sun, moon and 11 stars were bowing down to him
Stars-brothers, Sun-father, Moon-mother
all would bow down to him
Wanted to sell Joseph to Ishmaelites; mimicked death by dipping his robe and told there father he was killed by an animal
Three sons of Juda and Tamar, which two were eliminated
Er, Onan, Shelah
Er and Onan were evil in the eyes of God; eliminated
Judah's three items of importance:
Implication of "she is more righteous than eye"
Tamar continued committment to the family
Leading clan in Judah and ancestor of David:
Genesis 39: 2-3
The LORD was with Joseph, so he became a successful man. And he was in the house of his master, the Egyptian. Now his master saw that the LORD was with him and how the LORD caused all that he did to prosper in his hand.
Chief cup bearer's dream:
Vine with 3 branches; squeezed grapes into kings cup
interpretation- 3 branches=3 days. In 3 days he would be released from prison and return to his position under the pharoh.
3 baskets of bread on head; birds eating out of them.
3 baskets= 3 days; Pharoh will take him and hang him, the birds will eat his flesh
Dream occurred twice to firmly decide by God
Dream: Standing at the Nile river. 7 fat cows walk out of the river, followed by 7 scrawny cows. The 7 scrawny at the 7 fat.
God's interpretation: 7 years of abundance followed by 7 years of famine
"Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of God ?"
Joseph's new role as leader was shown by:
- -Signet ring
- -Gold chain
Genesis 41: 51
"God has made me forget all my troubles and everyone in my father's family."
"God has made me fruitful in this land of my grief."
Joseph's brothers go to Egypt
The bowing dreams come true
Joseph's families second journey to egypt:
Judah reveals himself, and whole family bows down
You intended to harm me, but God intended it for good to accomplish what is now being done, the saving of many lives.
List lessons concerning Joseph's life:
- -Temptation comes to the best people.
- -Coping with temptation requires advanced preperation
- -We must want to resist temptation
- -Resisting does not always provide happy results
Meaning of Exodus:
- Greek-exit or departure
- Jewish-a going out
Authorship of Exodus
- Moses witnesses all the incidents
List the themes of Exodus:
- -Sinai Covenant
- -Presence of Yahweh
- -Lordship of Yahweh
Purpose of Exodus:
Yahweh is a covenant keeping God
Names of God- El
Canaanites chief of many Gods
Names of God- El Elyon
God most high
Names of God- El Shaddai
Names of God- Elohim (3)
- -The creator
- -God of all Gods
- -The transcendent one
Names of God- Adoni (lord)
reference to one true God, Lord of Lords
Names of God- Yahweh
I am; I am who I am; Living God
Moses excuses: (5)
- -Not worthy
- -Uneducated about God
- -No one will believe me
- -Can't public speak
- -Send someone else
God reveals himself to Moses at this place:
Mount Horeb-Mount Sinai
Names/Meanings of the names of the 12 sons:
- 1-Rueben-See, a son
- 4-Judah-Yah be praised
- 6-Naphtali-My wrestling
- 9-Issachar-Man of hire
- 12-Benjamin-Son of the right hand