Vocab F2

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Author:
ChantelleVu
ID:
41309
Filename:
Vocab F2
Updated:
2010-10-11 06:28:01
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Sophomore Vocab
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Description:
Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Level F
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  1. amerliorate

    ə ˈmēl yəˌ rāt
    verb

    to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming

    A hot meal can ___________ the discomforts of even the coldest day.

    • synonyms: amend, make better
    • antonyms: worsen, aggravate, exacerbate
  2. aplomb

    ə ˈpläm
    noun

    poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity

    Considering the family's tense mood, you handled the situation with ______.

    • synonyms: composure, self possession, level headedness
    • antonyms: confusion, embarrassment, abashment
  3. bombastic

    bäm ˈbas tik
    adjective

    pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas.

    He delivered a _________ speech that did not even address our problems.

    • synonyms: inflated, highfalutin, high-flown, pretentious
    • antonyms: unadorned, simple, plain, austere
  4. callow

    ˈkal ō
    adjective

    without experience, immature, not fully developed, lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers

    They entered the army as ______ recruits and let as seasoned veterans.

    • synonyms: green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced
    • antonyms: mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated, experienced
  5. drivel (1)

    ˈdriv əl
    noun

    saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talking or thinking; nonsense

    To me, my dream make perfect sense, but when I told it to my friend, it sounded like ______.

    • synonyms: balderdash, hogwash, tommyrot
    • antonyms: sophisticated or analytical speech
  6. drivel (2)

    ˈdriv əl
    verb

    to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly

    Knowing that his time was nearly up, we kept silent and let him ______ on.

    • synonym: slaver, drool
    • antonym: speak in a sophisticated sense
  7. eptiome

    i ˈpit ə mē
    noun

    a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality

    Admitting when you have fairly defeated is the _______ of sportsmanship.

    • synonyms: abstract, digest, model, archetype
    • antonyms: atypical, uncontroversial
  8. exhort

    ig ˈzôrt
    verb

    to urge strongly, advise earnestly

    With dramatic gestures, our fans vigorously ______ the team to play harder.

    • synonyms: entreat, implore, adjure
    • antonyms: discourage, advise against, depreciate
  9. ex officio

    ˈeks əˈfi sh ē ō
    adjective; adverb

    by virtue of holding a certain office

    The president is the __________ commander-in-cheif of the armed forces in time of war.

    synonym (definition): official person for an office in a given circumstance
  10. infringe

    in ˈfrinj
    verb

    to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds

    If you continue to ________ on my responsibilities, will you also take the blame for any mistakes?

    • synonyms: encroach, impinge, intrude, poach
    • antonym: stay in bounds
  11. ingratiate

    in ˈgrā shē ˌāt
    verb

    to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)

    It is not a good idea to __________ oneself by paying cloying compliments.

    • synonyms: cozy up to, curry favor with
    • antonyms: alienate, humiliate oneself, mortify oneself
  12. interloper

    ˈin tər ˌlō pər
    noun

    one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder

    The crowd was so eager to see the band perform that they resented the opening singer as an _________.

    • synonyms: trespasser, meddler, buttinsky
    • antonyms: member, citizen
  13. intrinsic

    in ˈtrin zik
    adjective

    belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part.

    It had been my father's favorite book when he was my age, but for me it held little _________ interest.

    • synonyms: immanent, organic
    • antonyms: extrinsic, external, outward
  14. inveigh

    in ˈvā
    verb

    to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval

    You should not _______ against the plan with quite so much vigor until you have read it.

    • synonyms: rail, harangue, fulminate, remonstrate
    • antonyms: acclaim, glorify, extol
  15. lassitude

    ˈlas ə ˌtyōd
    noun

    weariness of body or mind, lack of energy

    On some days, I am overcome by _________ at the thought of so many more years of schooling.

    • synonyms: fatigue, lethargy, torpor, langour
    • antonyms: energy, vitality, animation, liveliness
  16. millennium

    mə ˈlen ē əm
    noun

    a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy

    In 1999, an argument raged over whether 2000 or 2001 would mark the new beginning of the new __________.

    • synonyms: chiliad, golden age, prosperity, peace
    • antonyms: doomsday, day of judgement
  17. occult (1)

    ə ˈkəlt
    adjective

    mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means

    One not need rely on ______ knowledge to grasp why things disappear in a house where two cats live.

    • synonyms: supernatural, esoteric, abstruse, arcane
    • antonyms: mundane, common, public, exoteric
  18. occult (2)

    ə ˈkəlt
    verb

    to hide, conceal; eclipse

    Serial killers will often try to ______ forensic evidence in order to remain uncaught.

    • synonyms: to hide, conceal, stash
    • antonyms: reveal, submit
  19. occult (3)

    ə ˈkəlt
    noun

    matters involving the supernatural

    Much of his talk about the ______ seems grounded in nothing but trick photography and folklore.

    • synonyms: mythology, fables
    • antonyms: realistic controversies
  20. permeate

    ˈpər mē ˌāt
    verb

    spread through, penetrate, soak through

    The rain _________ all of my clothing and reduced the map in my pocket to a pulpy mass.

    • synonyms: soak, to enter or pass through
    • antonym: block
  21. precipitate (1)

    pri ˈsip ə ˌtāt
    verb

    to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from great height; to give distinct from to

    Scholars often disagree over which event or events ___________ a historic moment.

    • synonyms: provoke, produce
    • antonyms: follow, come after
  22. precipitate (2)

    pri ˈsip ət ət
    adjective

    characterized by excessive haste

    I admit that my outburst was __________, however, I deem it probable, considering the current dire emergency.

    • synonyms: reckless, impetuous
    • antonyms: wary, cautious, circumspect
  23. precipitate (3)

    pri ˈsip ət ət
    noun

    moisture; the product of an action or process

    Too many eggs in this particular pudding will leave a messy __________ in the baking pan.

    • synonyms: spilled liquid, mess
    • antonym(?): clean
  24. stringent

    ˈstrin jənt
    adjective

    strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste

    Some argue that more _________laws against speeding will make our streets safer.

    • synonyms: stern, tough, urgent, imperative
    • antonyms: lenient, mild, lax, permissive
  25. surmise (1)

    sər ˈmīz
    verb

    to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess

    I cannot be sure, but I _______ that she would not accept my apology even if I made it on my knees.

    • synonyms: infer, gather
    • antonyms: concur, conclude with evidence
  26. surmise (2)

    sər ˈmīz
    noun

    likely idea that lack definite proof

    The police had no proof, nothing to go on but suspicion, a mere _______.

    • synonyms: inference, presumption, theory
    • antonyms: scientific law, proven fact

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