- havoc BrE / ˈhævək / NAmE / ˈhævək /
- [ uncountable ] a situation in which there is a lot of damage, destruction or confusion
- The floods caused havoc throughout the area.
- Continuing strikes are beginning to play havoc with the national economy.
- These insects can wreak havoc on crops.
- per • form BrE / pəˈfɔːm / NAmE / pərˈfɔːrm /
- 1 [ transitive ] ~ sth to do sth, such as a piece of work, task or duty
- Syn :carry out
- to perform an experiment/a miracle/a ceremony
- She performs an important role in our organization.
- This operation has never been performed in this country.
- 2 [ transitive , intransitive ] ~ (sth) to entertain an audience by playing a piece of music, acting in a play, etc
- to perform somersaults/magic tricks
- The play was first performed in 2007.
- I'd like to hear it performed live. to perform on the flute
- I'm looking forward to seeing you perform.
- 3 [ intransitive ] ~ (well/badly/poorly) to work or function well or badly The engine seems to be performing well.
- The company has been performing poorly over the past year.
- If Rooney performs (= performs well) then I believe England can win.
- She performed less well in the second test. see work/perform miracles at miracle
- grim BrE / ɡrɪm / NAmE / ɡrɪm / adjective
- 1 looking or sounding very serious
- a grim face/look/smile
- She looked grim. with a look of grim determination on his face
- 2 unpleasant and depressing
- grim news
- We face the grim prospect of still higher unemployment.
- Despite the grim forecast, the number of deaths was slightly down on last year.
- 3 ( of a place or building ) not attractive; depressing The house looked grim and dreary in the rain. the grim walls of the prison
- 4 [ not before noun ] ( BrE , informal ) ill/sick I feel grim this morning.
- 5 [ not usually before noun ] ( BrE , informal ) of very low quality
- Their performance was fairly grim, I'm afraid! grim • ly / BrE ɡrɪmli ;
- Meaning: Use something until it stops working
- Example: She played the video so many times that she WORE the tape OUT.
- Meaning: Erode, remove gradually
- Example: The lawn has been WORN AWAY by people walking across it and it's just bare soil now with hardly a blade of grass.
- Meaning: Make something weaker
- Example: The stress of my job is WEARING me DOWN
- Meaning: Stop having an effect
- Example: The anaesthetic WORE OFF and my tooth started hurting
Keep up with
- Meaning: Move at the same rate
- Example: He walks too fast and it's really hard to KEEP UP WITH him.
- Meaning: Stay up to date
- Example: It's hard to KEEP UP WITH all the latest improvements and breakthroughs in technology nowadays.
Keep up at
- Meaning: Continue, not quit
- Example: Learning a language is difficult, but if you KEEP UP AT it, you'll succeed in the end.
- Meaning: Not let someone go to bed
- Example: My neighbours KEPT me UP till after 4 am with their loud music last night.
- Meaning: Maintain a continuous action, persistExample: First I phoned you and left a message that you should phone me; then you phoned and I was out, so you left a message; then...! How long can we KEEP this UP without ever speaking to each other directly?
- Meaning: Stay within limits
- Example: Please KEEP TO the path.
- Meaning: Not allow someone to enter
- Example: The police KEPT the demonstrators OUT of the building.
- Meaning: Continue
- Example: He KEPT ON trying and succeeded in the end.
- Meaning: Not talk about
- Example: She KEPT OFF the subject of her divorce.
- Meaning: Not tread on something
- Example: KEEP OFF the grass in the park, please.
- ram • ifi • ca • tion BrE / ˌræmɪfɪˈkeɪʃn / NAmE / ˌræmɪfɪˈkeɪʃn / noun
- [ usually plural ] one of the large number of complicated and unexpected results that follow an action or a decision complication
- These changes are bound to have widespread social ramifications.