Vocab F3

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Vocab F3
2010-10-11 17:37:28
Sophomore Vocab

Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Level F
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  1. abominate

    ə ˈbäm ə ˌnāt

    to have an intense or deep hatred for

    I _________ cruelty yet do not always notice when I have said something cruel without meaning to.

    • synonyms: loathe, abhor, detest, despise
    • antonyms: relish, savor, cherish, esteem
  2. acculturation

    ə ˌkəl chə ˈrā shən

    the modification of the social patterns, traits or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend

    Every immigrant group newly arrived in another country goes through a slow process of _____________.

    synonym: adaptation
  3. adventitious

    ˌad ven ˈti shəs

    resulting from chance rather than an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital

    It was no ____________ meeting that led to their writing songs together, for in fact, they were cousins.

    • synonyms: extrinsic, incidental, fortuitous
    • antonyms: essential, intrinsic, inherent, congenital
  4. ascribe

    ə ˈskrīb

    to assign or refer to (as a cause to source), attribute

    You may _______ these holes to gophers or elves, but I blame the dog from next door.

    • synonyms: impute, credit, attribute
    • antonyms: dissociate, absolve
  5. circuitous

    sər ˈkyoō ə təs

    round-about, not direct

    I followed a ___________ path through the forest not because I fear pursuit, but because I was lost.

    • synonyms: indirect, meandering, winding
    • antonyms: straight, direct, as the crow flies
  6. commiserate

    kə ˈmiz ə ˌrāt

    to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress

    The family ____________ with her after the loss of her old and faithful dog.

    • synonyms: feel sorry for, empathize
    • antonyms: to feel no sympathy for, disregard
  7. enjoin

    en ˈjoin

    to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit

    I ______ them to stop spending so much money or to face the consequences.

    • synonyms: bid, charge, command, abjure
    • antonyms: allow, permit
  8. expedite

    ˈek spə ˌdīt

    to make easy, cause to progress faster

    The pleasant music in the background did not ________ my work, but instead, distracted me.

    • synonyms: accelerate, facilitate, speed up
    • antonyms: hinder, hamper, empede, obstruer
  9. expiate

    ˈek spē ˌāt

    to make amends, make up for, to avert

    They seem more than willing to _______ their guilt by whatever means necessary.

    • synonyms: redeem, make amends for, atone, make reparation
    • antonyms: take from, do harm
  10. ferment (1)

    fər ˈment

    a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence

    Caught in the _______ of revolution, the young men enlisted with local militias.

    • synonyms: commotion, turmoil, unrest
    • antonyms: peace, quiet, tranquility, placidity
  11. ferment (2)

    fər ˈment

    to be in or work in such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical reaction

    If left for a time, the cider will ________.
  12. inadvertent

    ˌin əd ˈvər tənt

    resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental

    The poor fellow was stronger than he realized, and the damage he did was ___________.

    • synonyms: accidental, unconsidered
    • antonyms: deliberate, intentional, premeditated, predetermined
  13. nominal

    ˈnäm i nəl

    existing in name, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously

    Because so many of its patients were having financial problems the health clinic only charged _______ fees.

    • synonyms: titular, token, trifling, inconsequential
    • antonyms: real, actual, exorbitant, excessive
  14. noncommittal

    nän kə ˈmit əl

    not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or say yes or no

    We questioned her quietly, carefully, and at length, but her answers remained ____________.

    • synonyms: cagey, uninformative, playing it safe
    • antonyms: positive, definite, committed
  15. peculate

    ˈpek yə ˌlāt

    to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use

    Investigators discovered that the clerk came up with a scheme to ________ from the company.

    • synonyms: embezzle, defraud, misappropriate
    • antonyms: donate, give
  16. proclivity

    prō ˈkliv ə tē

    a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)

    Curious, patient, and fond or long walks outdoors, she soon displayed a __________ for nature study.

    • synonyms: natural bent, penchant, prosperity
    • antonyms: inability or incapability
  17. sangfroid

    säng ˈfrwä

    composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances

    An experienced actor can perform with what seems like limitless _________, even when she or he forgets a line.

    • synonyms: poise, self-assurance, equanimity
    • antonyms: excitability, hysteria, flappability
  18. seditious

    siˈ dish əs

    restraint to lawful authority; having the purpose f overthrowing an established government

    Dictators usually begin their reigns by searching out and silencing __________ opinion.

    • synonyms: mutinous, rebellious, subversive
    • antonyms: supportive, loyal, faithful, allegiant
  19. tenuous

    ˈten yoō əs

    thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis; poorly supported

    My grasp of trigonometry was _______ until I attended extra-help sessions.

    • synonyms: flimsy, insubstantial, vague, hazy
    • antonyms: strong, solid, substantial, valid
  20. vitriolic

    ˌvi trē ˈäl ik

    bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)

    Though I was hurt by his __________ language, I had to admit that some of his points were valid.

    • synonyms: withering, acerbic, mordant
    • antonyms: bland, saccharine, honeyed, sugary
  21. wheedle

    ˈwhēd əl

    to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end

    The spy used charm and flattery in order to _______ the information from the diplomat.

    • synonyms: cajole, inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talk
    • antonyms: coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm