Viruses

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Author:
HuskerDevil
ID:
41452
Filename:
Viruses
Updated:
2010-10-11 18:20:12
Tags:
DPAP2012 Microbiology Virology
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Description:
Microbiology Virology
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  1. Paramyxoviruses
    • Parainfluenza virus
    • Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
    • Human metapneumovirus
    • Measles
    • Mumps
    • Nipah virus
  2. Orthomyxoviruses
    Influenza viruses
  3. Picornaviruses
    • Enterovirus
    • Rhinovirus
    • Rotavirus
    • Norovirus
    • Corona virus
  4. DNA viruses
    • Herpes virus
    • HPV
    • Adenovirus
    • Parvovirus
    • Hepatitis viruses
  5. Parainfluenza virus
    • Paramyxovirus family
    • Mostly upper, sometimes lower respiratory in children
    • 1-3 croup, 4 cold
  6. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
    • Paramyxovirus family
    • Bad in children < 2.
    • Not as bad in adults unless immunocompromised
    • Starts with cold, then difficulty breathing
    • Late fall, early winter
    • Can cause lower respiratory
  7. Human metapneumovirus
    • Paramyxovirus family
    • Common cold
    • Exacerbates asthma
    • Treatment: bronchodilator
    • Immunocompromised- BAD
  8. Measles
    • Paramyxovirus family
    • Almost eradicated from developed countries
    • Only one serotype
    • Develop immunity from life
  9. Mumps
    • Paramyxovirus family
    • Almost eradicated from developed countries
    • Only one serotype
  10. Nipah virus
    • Paramyxovirus family
    • Almost eradicated from developed countries
    • Animals, humans, bats
    • Scary
  11. Influenza viruses
    • Orthomyxovirus family
    • Humans, animals, many species
    • Mutates
    • Genetic diversity- reassortment. Usually A.
    • A and B influenza- respiratory (dry cough and fever)
    • C- mild respiratory
    • H1N1- glycoproteins on virus
  12. Drift (influenza virus)
    • Little mutations
    • New vaccine every year
  13. Shift (influenza virus)
    • Big mutations
    • Pandemic, epidemic
  14. Enterovirus
    • Picornavirus family
    • Transmitted fecal-oral route
    • Meningitis for neonates
  15. Rhinovirus
    • Picornavirus family
    • Common cold- head cold
    • Lots of serotypes- can get a lot of colds
    • Replicate in nose
  16. Hepadnavirus
    • Picornavirus family
    • Hepatitis A
  17. Rotavirus
    • Picornavirus family
    • Diarrhea in children for a long time
    • Starts as vomiting
  18. Norovirus
    • Picornavirus family
    • "Cruise" diarrhea
    • Transmitted oral-fecal, droplets
  19. Corona virus
    • Picornavirus family
    • Common colds
    • Gastroenteritis
    • Exacerbates asthma
    • SARS
  20. Herpes virus
    • Ability to cause latent infection
    • Genome codes for >100 proteins
  21. HPV
    • Squamous epithelium
    • Ability to cause cancer - oncogenic
    • Worldwide the most common
  22. Adenovirus
    • >100 serotypes
    • Respiratory, ocular
  23. Parvovirus
    • Erythema infectiosum in children
    • Migratory polyarthritis in adults 6-8 weeks
    • Affinity for RBCs
  24. Hepatitis A
    • Similar to hep E
    • Infectious
    • Contaminated food and water
    • Not chronic
    • Transmitted oral-fecal route
  25. Hepatitis E
    • Similar to hep A
    • Infectious
    • Contaminated food and water
    • Not chronic
    • Transmitted oral-fecal route
    • Non-developed areas of the world
  26. Hepatitis B
    • > 300,000 cases in US
    • Disease in children mild, younger the more chronic infection
  27. Hepatitis B
    • Flavivirus
    • Emerging
    • Liver biopsy
    • Interferons
  28. Hepatitis D
    Delta agent

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