Chapter 4

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chd5688
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41453
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Chapter 4
Updated:
2010-10-11 18:22:47
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anatomy test
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test 2 chapter 4
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  1. What are the 4 types of tissues
    Epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural
  2. Where is epithelial tissue?
    Lining the internal passageways
  3. What are two ways to classify epithelial tissue?
    Shape and layers
  4. What are characteristics of cuboidal epithelial?
    Large nuclei and appear square
  5. What are two physical properties of connective tissue proper?
    To connect and protect
  6. What physical property does fluid connective tissue have?
    Transports
  7. What connective tissue provides structural strength?
    Supportive
  8. What absorbs shock and gives you energy?
    Adipose tissue
  9. What connective tissue attaches muscle to bone?
    Tendons
  10. What connective tissue attaches bone to bone?
    Ligaments
  11. What are two types of fluid connective tissue?
    Blood and lymph
  12. What are plasma, interstitial fluid, and lymph?
    Extracellular
  13. What type of cartilage is translucent, and stiff but flexible?
    Hyaline
  14. What type of cartilage is supportive but bends easily?
    Elastic
  15. What type of cartilage is very dense collagen fibers and strong?
    Fibrocartilage
  16. What connective tissue is for weight support?
    Bone
  17. Where are 4 different places mucous membranes are located in the body?
    Digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive
  18. Why do epithelial surfaces need to be moist?
    To reduce friction and facilitate absorption and excretion
  19. What are three serous membranes?
    Pleura (lungs), Peritoneum (abdomen), and pericardium (heart)
  20. What contains hyaluronic acid?
    Synovial membranes
  21. What are 3 types of muscle tissue?
    Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
  22. What does muscle tissue do?
    Produces all body movement specializing in contractions
  23. Which muscle type is striated and voluntary?
    Skeletal
  24. What are the characteristics of the cardiac muscle?
    It is found only in the heart, it is striated, and involuntary
  25. Smooth muscles are classified as____________
    Contracting organs
  26. Which muscle is not striated?
    Smooth
  27. What does nerve cells rapidly sense?
    Internal or external environment
  28. What specializes in conducting electrical impulses?
    Nervous/nerve tissue
  29. What job does nerve tissue have?
    Processes information and controls response
  30. What are nerve cells that perform electrical communication?
    Neurons
  31. What receives incoming signals as part of the neuron?
    Dendrites
  32. What cell part of the neuron is short branches extending from the cell body?
    Dendrites
  33. What carries outgoing signals as part of the neuron?
    Axon
  34. What cell part of the neuron is a long, thin extension of the cell body?
    Axon (nerve fibers)
  35. What is tissue destruction?
    Necrosis
  36. What happens when the speed and efficiency of tissue repair decreases?
    Slow metabolism, hormonal alterations, reduced physical activity

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